A rapid NIR method for the determination of octane number of reformate samples of Australian refined motor gasoline is described. Results of predictions using calibration sets based on ASTM full blends and actual reformate samples are presented. Interpretation of spectral data using principal component analysis facilitates the selection of a suitable analytical spectral range and demonstrates that the reformate samples may be distinguished on the basis of the geographical origins of the parent crude oils. The described method forms a basis for practical application and is a possible alternative to the standard CFR engine test method.
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