Abstract

The applications of electron spin resonance (ESR) to carbonaceous materials are reviewed. The stable paramagnetic species observed in the products of low-temperature pyrolysis are odd-alternate neutral free radicals, whereas the unpaired spins of higher temperature carbons and graphites are primarily conduction electrons. The variety of ESR properties and phenomena requires special attention to techniques of measurement and interpretations of results. The relevance to the carbonization process of the free radicals observed by ESR is also discussed.

PDF Article

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription