Abstract

This paper proposes a near-infrared (NIR) fault detection technology based on a process pattern via a potential function. Near-infrared spectroscopy is used to acquire process information at the molecular level. In this study, the process pattern concept is first introduced in the field of process control and a process pattern construction method based on elastic net-PCA is put forth. Next, the potential function discriminant method is applied to distinguish and classify the constructed process pattern and identify the running state of the industrial system. Finally, the proposed method is verified and analyzed using spectra data of the crude oil desalination and dehydration process. Compared with existing fault detection methods, the proposed approach offers the following advantages: (1) potential function discrimination achieves nonlinear process classification with better fault detection accuracy and good visualization performance; (2) fault detection based on NIR spectra is faster with and possesses greater accuracy because it acquires process information from a microscopic molecular perspective; and (3) the process pattern contains more effective process information and can more comprehensively characterize the essential features of processes.

© 2019 The Author(s)

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