Abstract

A novel application of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is described for the determination of permittivity and polarizability of organic crystals, as exemplified by measurements with the polymorph I form of crystalline aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). The coherent nature of the THz pulse experiment, coupled with gated-detection, permits direct measure of differences in the phase angle of the electric field vector after passing through a pellet composed of the aspirin crystals embedded within an inert polymer matrix. An effective media model is used to extract dielectric information for the crystals from the measured time-domain signal that is representative of the entire pellet composition. Polarizability is then obtained for these organic crystals by using the Clausius–Mossotti relationship. Dielectric spectra and polarizability spectra are presented over the 0.3–3 THz frequency range (10–100 cm−1). The average polarizability values measured over the low frequency range (10–20 cm−1) are 22.4 ± 0.3 and 22.4 ± 0.5 Å3 for aspirin crystals embedded within matrixes of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and polyethylene (PE), respectively.

© 2018 The Author(s)

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