This paper is a review of the basic principles and recent developments of
laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) as a method
for the element- and isotope-selective trace analysis of solid materials. In the
course of this review, the aerosol formation/transportation process, quantification
issues, as well as technical aspects concerning the system configuration and ICP
operating conditions are outlined. Furthermore, the performance of femtosecond (fs)
LA-based analyses as one of the most important advancements made over the past years
is discussed. The benefits offered by fs-LA in comparison to LA using nanosecond
(ns) laser sources are demonstrated on the basis of oxide layer and silicate glass
analyses with different applied calibration strategies.
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