Abstract

A single diode laser absorption sensor (near 1477 nm) useful for simultaneous temperature and H<sub>2</sub>O concentration measurements is developed. The diode laser tunes approximately 1.2 cm<sup>-1</sup> over three H<sub>2</sub>O absorption transitions in each measurement. The line strengths of the transitions are measured over a temperature range from 468 to 977 K, based on high-resolution absorption measurements in a heated static cell. The results indicate that the selected transitions are suitable for sensitive temperature measurements in atmospheric pressure combustion systems using absorption line ratios. Comparing the results with HITRAN 96 data, it appears that these transitions will be sensitive over a wide range of temperatures (450-2000 K), suggesting applicability for combustion measurements.

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