Polarization modulation of the incident electromagnetic field is used to increase the sensitivity and the <i>in situ</i> experiment ability of the well-known method of reflexion absorption FT-IR spectroscopy, for the characterization of surfaces and ultra-thin films. The experimental procedure and signal processing of the detected intensity are described and illustrated with the use of results obtained with Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers. The quantitative analysis of the spectra is then developed, and a linear behavior of the band intensities is found for ultra-thin films exhibiting no strong absorptions. This result is checked with the use of organic and inorganic ultra-thin films of increasing thicknesses.

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