Abstract

Terahertz (THz) science and technology have greatly progressed over the past two decades to a point where the THz region of the electromagnetic spectrum is now a mature research area with many fundamental and practical applications. Furthermore, THz imaging is positioned to play a key role in many industrial applications, as THz technology is steadily shifting from university-grade instrumentation to commercial systems. In this context, the objective of this review is to discuss recent advances in THz imaging with an emphasis on the modalities that could enable real-time high-resolution imaging. To this end, we first discuss several key imaging modalities developed over the years: THz transmission, reflection, and conductivity imaging; THz pulsed imaging; THz computed tomography; and THz near-field imaging. Then, we discuss several enabling technologies for real-time THz imaging within the time-domain spectroscopy paradigm: fast optical delay lines, photoconductive antenna arrays, and electro-optic sampling with cameras. Next, we discuss the advances in THz cameras, particularly THz thermal cameras and THz field-effect transistor cameras. Finally, we overview the most recent techniques that enable fast THz imaging with single-pixel detectors: mechanical beam-steering, compressive sensing, spectral encoding, and fast Fourier optics. We believe that this critical and comprehensive review of enabling hardware, instrumentation, algorithms, and potential applications in real-time high-resolution THz imaging can serve a diverse community of fundamental and applied scientists.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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D. M. Mittleman, “Twenty years of terahertz imaging,” Opt. Express 26, 9417–9431 (2018).
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A. Ushakov, P. Chizhov, V. Bukin, A. Savel’ev, and S. Garnov, “Broadband in-line terahertz 2D imaging: comparative study with time-of-flight, cross-correlation, and Fourier transform data processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35, 1159–1164 (2018).
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T. Mohr, A. Herdt, and W. Elsässer, “2D tomographic terahertz imaging using a single pixel detector,” Opt. Express 26, 3353–3367 (2018).
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Y. Yang, H. Liu, M. Yang, B. Cui, and W. Zhang, “Dielectric sphere-coupled THz super-resolution imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 031105 (2018).
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R. Degl’Innocenti, S. J. Kindness, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, “All-integrated terahertz modulators,” Nanophotonics 7, 127–144 (2018).
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2017 (24)

A. Mahjoubfar, D. V. Churkin, S. Barland, N. Broderick, S. K. Turitsyn, and B. Jalali, “Time stretch and its applications,” Nat. Photonics 11, 341–351 (2017).
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M. R. Hashemi, S. Cakmakyapan, and M. Jarrahi, “Reconfigurable metamaterials for terahertz wave manipulation,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 094501 (2017).
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R. I. Stantchev, D. B. Phillips, P. Hobson, S. M. Hornett, M. J. Padgett, and E. Hendry, “Compressed sensing with near-field THz radiation,” Optica 4, 989–992 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. B. Phillips, M.-J. Sun, J. M. Taylor, M. P. Edgar, S. M. Barnett, G. M. Gibson, and M. J. Padgett, “Adaptive foveated single-pixel imaging with dynamic supersampling,” Sci. Adv. 3, e1601782 (2017).
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K. Fan, J. Y. Suen, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “All-dielectric metasurface absorbers for uncooled terahertz imaging,” Optica 4, 601–604 (2017).
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I. E. Carranza, J. P. Grant, J. Gough, and D. Cumming, “Terahertz metamaterial absorbers implemented in CMOS technology for imaging applications: scaling to large format focal plane arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 4700508 (2017).
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M. I. B. Shams, Z. Jiang, S. M. Rahman, L. J. Cheng, J. L. Hesler, P. Fay, and L. Liu, “A 740-GHz dynamic two-dimensional beam-steering and forming antenna based on photo-induced reconfigurable Fresnel zone plates,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7, 310–319 (2017).
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N. V. Chernomyrdin, A. O. Schadko, S. P. Lebedev, V. L. Tolstoguzov, V. N. Kurlov, I. V. Reshetov, I. E. Spektor, M. Skorobogatiy, S. O. Yurchenko, and K. I. Zaytsev, “Solid immersion terahertz imaging with sub-wavelength resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 221109 (2017).
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J. Grzyb, B. Heinemann, and U. R. Pfeiffer, “Solid-state terahertz superresolution imaging device in 130-nm SiGe BiCMOS technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 65, 4357–4372 (2017).
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K. Ahi, “Mathematical modeling of THz point spread function and simulation of THz imaging systems,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7, 747–754 (2017).
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M. Flammini, C. Bonsi, C. Ciano, V. Giliberti, E. Pontecorvo, P. Italia, E. DelRe, and M. Ortolani, “Confocal terahertz imaging of ancient manuscripts,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38, 435–442 (2017).
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H. H. Nguyen Pham, S. Hisatake, O. V. Minin, T. Nagatsuma, and I. V. Minin, “Enhancement of spatial resolution of terahertz imaging systems based on terajet generation by dielectric cube,” APL Photon. 2, 056106 (2017).
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B. Li, D. Wang, X. Zhou, L. Rong, H. Huang, M. Wan, and Y. Wang, “Terahertz computed tomography in three-dimensional using a pyroelectric array detector,” Proc. SPIE 10233, 102331F (2017).
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P. Klarskov, H. Kim, V. L. Colvin, and D. M. Mittleman, “Nanoscale laser terahertz emission microscopy,” ACS Photon. 4, 2676–2680 (2017).
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N. T. Yardimci and M. Jarrahi, “High sensitivity terahertz detection through large-area plasmonic nano-antenna arrays,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42667 (2017).
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R. B. Kohlhaas, A. Rehn, S. Nellen, M. Koch, M. Schell, R. J. B. Dietz, and J. C. Balzer, “Terahertz quasi time-domain spectroscopy based on telecom technology for 1550  nm,” Opt. Express 25, 12851–12859 (2017).
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X. Wu and K. Sengupta, “Dynamic waveform shaping with picosecond time widths,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 52, 389–405 (2017).
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M. M. Assefzadeh and A. Babakhani, “Broadband oscillator-free THz pulse generation and radiation based on direct digital-to-impulse architecture,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 52, 2905–2919 (2017).
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N. Kanda, K. Konishi, N. Nemoto, K. Midorikawa, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Real-time broadband terahertz spectroscopic imaging by using a high-sensitivity terahertz camera,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42540 (2017).
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J. Li, K. Nallappan, H. Guerboukha, and M. Skorobogatiy, “3D printed hollow core terahertz Bragg waveguides with defect layers for surface sensing applications,” Opt. Express 25, 4126–4144 (2017).
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P. Bøggild, D. M. A. Mackenzie, P. R. Whelan, D. H. Petersen, J. D. Buron, A. Zurutuza, J. Gallop, L. Hao, and P. U. Jepsen, “Mapping the electrical properties of large-area graphene,” 2D Mater. 4, 042003 (2017).
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S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Booske, C. Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R. S. Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, S. Lucyszyn, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Konishi, M. Koch, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, T. L. Cocker, R. Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, V. P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, J. Sibik, T. M. Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, K. B. Cooper, R. Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, H. Shams, M. Fice, C. Renaud, A. Seeds, A. Stöhr, M. Naftaly, N. Ridler, R. Clarke, J. E. Cunningham, and M. B. Johnston, “The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap,” J. Phys. D 50, 043001 (2017).
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D. M. Mittleman, “Perspective: terahertz science and technology,” J. Appl. Phys. 122, 230901 (2017).
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K. Wang, D. W. Sun, and H. Pu, “Emerging non-destructive terahertz spectroscopic imaging technique: principle and applications in the agri-food industry,” Trends Food Sci. Technol. 67, 93–105 (2017).
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2016 (24)

A. Cosentino, “Terahertz and cultural heritage science: examination of art and archaeology,” Technologies 4, 1–13 (2016).
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X. Wang, C. Shen, T. Jiang, Z. Zhan, Q. Deng, W. Li, W. Wu, N. Yang, W. Chu, and S. Duan, “High-power terahertz quantum cascade lasers with ∼0.23  W in continuous wave mode,” AIP Adv. 6, 075210 (2016).
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T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016).
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M. Yin, S. Tang, and M. Tong, “The application of terahertz spectroscopy to liquid petrochemicals detection: a review,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 51, 379–396 (2016).
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J. Sibik and J. A. Zeitler, “Direct measurement of molecular mobility and crystallisation of amorphous pharmaceuticals using terahertz spectroscopy,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 100, 147–157 (2016).
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E. Hack, L. Valzania, G. Gäumann, M. Shalaby, C. P. Hauri, and P. Zolliker, “Comparison of thermal detector arrays for off-axis THz holography and real-time THz imaging,” Sensors 16, 1–11 (2016).
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A. Redo-Sanchez, B. Heshmat, A. Aghasi, S. Naqvi, M. Zhang, J. Romberg, and R. Raskar, “Terahertz time-gated spectral imaging for content extraction through layered structures,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12665 (2016).
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N. Nemoto, N. Kanda, R. Imai, K. Konishi, M. Miyoshi, S. Kurashina, T. Sasaki, N. Oda, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “High-sensitivity and broadband, real-time terahertz camera incorporating a micro-bolometer array with resonant cavity structure,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 6, 175–182 (2016).
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X. Wu and K. Sengupta, “On-chip THz spectroscope exploiting electromagnetic scattering with multi-port antenna,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 51, 3049–3062 (2016).
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O. Kliebisch, D. C. Heinecke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy system using 10  GHz asynchronous optical sampling with 100  kHz scan rate,” Opt. Express 24, 29930–29940 (2016).
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F. Blanchard and K. Tanaka, “Improving time and space resolution in electro-optic sampling for near-field terahertz imaging,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4645–4648 (2016).
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T. L. Cocker, D. Peller, P. Yu, J. Repp, and R. Huber, “Tracking the ultrafast motion of a single molecule by femtosecond orbital imaging,” Nature 539, 263–267 (2016).
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J. B. Perraud, A. F. Obaton, J. Bou-Sleiman, B. Recur, H. Balacey, F. Darracq, J. P. Guillet, and P. Mounaix, “Terahertz imaging and tomography as efficient instruments for testing polymer additive manufacturing objects,” Appl. Opt. 55, 3462–3467 (2016).
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S. R. Tripathi, Y. Sugiyama, K. Murate, K. Imayama, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz wave three-dimensional computed tomography based on injection-seeded terahertz wave parametric emitter and detector,” Opt. Express 24, 6433–6440 (2016).
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K. Ahi and M. Anwar, “Developing terahertz imaging equation and enhancement of the resolution of terahertz images using deconvolution,” Proc. SPIE 9856, 98560N (2016).
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C. Jiang, A. Mostajeran, R. Han, M. Emadi, H. Sherry, A. Cathelin, and E. Afshari, “A fully integrated 320  GHz coherent imaging transceiver in 130  nm SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 51, 2596–2609 (2016).
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B. C. Smith, J. F. Whitaker, and S. C. Rand, “Steerable THz pulses from thin emitters via optical pulse-front tilt,” Opt. Express 24, 20755–20762 (2016).
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M. Wienold, T. Hagelschuer, N. Rothbart, L. Schrottke, K. Biermann, H. T. Grahn, and H. W. Hübers, “Real-time terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum-cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 011102 (2016).
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C. M. Watts, C. C. Nadell, J. Montoya, S. Krishna, and W. J. Padilla, “Frequency-division-multiplexed single-pixel imaging with metamaterials,” Optica 3, 133–138 (2016).
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C. C. Nadell, C. M. Watts, J. A. Montoya, S. Krishna, and W. J. Padilla, “Single pixel quadrature imaging with metamaterials,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 66–69 (2016).
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S. A. N. Saqueb and K. Sertel, “Phase-sensitive single-pixel THz imaging using intensity-only measurements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 6, 810–816 (2016).
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R. I. Stantchev, B. Sun, S. M. Hornett, P. A. Hobson, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, and E. Hendry, “Noninvasive, near-field terahertz imaging of hidden objects using a single-pixel detector,” Sci. Adv. 2, e1600190 (2016).
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S. M. Hornett, R. I. Stantchev, M. Z. Vardaki, C. Beckerleg, and E. Hendry, “Subwavelength terahertz imaging of graphene photoconductivity,” Nano Lett. 16, 7019–7024 (2016).
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E.-M. Stübling, S. Busch, J. C. Balzer, and M. Koch, “Development of a multi-channel time-to-space terahertz spectrometer,” Opt. Express 24, 23146–23153 (2016).
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2015 (32)

K. Lee, H. J. Choi, J. Son, H.-S. Park, J. Ahn, and B. Min, “THz near-field spectral encoding imaging using a rainbow metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14403 (2015).
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S. Augustin, J. Hieronymus, P. Jung, and H. W. Hübers, “Compressed sensing in a fully non-mechanical 350  GHz imaging setting,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 496–512 (2015).
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Y. Bai, T. Bu, K. Chen, and S. Zhuang, “Review about the optical-controlled terahertz waves modulator,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 50, 707–727 (2015).
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D.-S. Yee, K. H. Jin, J. S. Yahng, H.-S. Yang, C. Y. Kim, and J. C. Ye, “High-speed terahertz reflection three-dimensional imaging using beam steering,” Opt. Express 23, 5027–5034 (2015).
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G. Ok, K. Park, H. S. Chun, H.-J. Chang, N. Lee, and S.-W. Choi, “High-performance sub-terahertz transmission imaging system for food inspection,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 1929–1941 (2015).
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K. Sengupta and A. Hajimiri, “Mutual synchronization for power generation and beam-steering in CMOS with on-chip sense antennas near 200  GHz,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 63, 2867–2876 (2015).
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E. Heinz, T. May, D. Born, G. Zieger, S. Anders, V. Zakosarenko, H. G. Meyer, and C. Schäffel, “Passive 350  GHz video imaging systems for security applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 879–895 (2015).
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Y. Tousi and E. Afshari, “A high-power and scalable 2-D phased array for terahertz CMOS integrated systems,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50, 597–609 (2015).
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J. Zdanevičius, M. Bauer, S. Boppel, V. Palenskis, A. Lisauskas, V. Krozer, and H. G. Roskos, “Camera for high-speed THz imaging,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 986–997 (2015).
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L. Viti, J. Hu, D. Coquillat, W. Knap, A. Tredicucci, A. Politano, and M. S. Vitiello, “Black phosphorus terahertz photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27, 5567–5572 (2015).
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N. T. Yardimci, S.-H. Yang, C. W. Berry, and M. Jarrahi, “High-power terahertz generation using large-area plasmonic photoconductive emitters,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 223–229 (2015).
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M. Jarrahi, “Advanced photoconductive terahertz optoelectronics based on nano-antennas and nano-plasmonic light concentrators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 391–397 (2015).
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O. Mitrofanov, I. Brener, T. S. Luk, and J. L. Reno, “Photoconductive terahertz near-field detector with a hybrid nanoantenna array cavity,” ACS Photon. 2, 1763–1768 (2015).
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H. Guerboukha, A. Markov, H. Qu, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Time resolved dynamic measurements at THz frequencies using a rotary optical delay line,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 564–572 (2015).
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N. Oda, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, K. Doi, T. Ishi, T. Sudou, T. Morimoto, H. Goto, and T. Sasaki, “Microbolometer terahertz focal plane array and camera with improved sensitivity in the sub-terahertz region,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 947–960 (2015).
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T. Probst, A. Rehn, and M. Koch, “Compact and low-cost THz QTDS system,” Opt. Express 23, 21972–21982 (2015).
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A. Aghasi and J. Romberg, “Convex cardinal shape composition,” SIAM J. Imaging Sci. 8, 2887–2950 (2015).
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E. Abraham and K. Fukunaga, “Terahertz imaging applied to the examination of artistic objects,” Stud. Conserv. 60, 343–352 (2015).
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C. L. Koch-Dandolo, T. Filtenborg, K. Fukunaga, J. Skou-Hansen, and P. U. Jepsen, “Reflection terahertz time-domain imaging for analysis of an 18th century neoclassical easel painting,” Appl. Opt. 54, 5123–5129 (2015).
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A. C. Ferrari, F. Bonaccorso, V. Fal’ko, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roche, P. Bøggild, S. Borini, F. H. L. Koppens, V. Palermo, N. Pugno, J. A. Garrido, R. Sordan, A. Bianco, L. Ballerini, M. Prato, E. Lidorikis, J. Kivioja, C. Marinelli, T. Ryhänen, A. Morpurgo, J. N. Coleman, V. Nicolosi, L. Colombo, A. Fert, M. Garcia-Hernandez, A. Bachtold, G. F. Schneider, F. Guinea, C. Dekker, M. Barbone, Z. Sun, C. Galiotis, A. N. Grigorenko, G. Konstantatos, A. Kis, M. Katsnelson, L. Vandersypen, A. Loiseau, V. Morandi, D. Neumaier, E. Treossi, V. Pellegrini, M. Polini, A. Tredicucci, G. M. Williams, B. H. Hong, J.-H. Ahn, J. Min Kim, H. Zirath, B. J. van Wees, H. van der Zant, L. Occhipinti, A. Di Matteo, I. A. Kinloch, T. Seyller, E. Quesnel, X. Feng, K. Teo, N. Rupesinghe, P. Hakonen, S. R. T. Neil, Q. Tannock, T. Löfwander, and J. Kinaret, “Science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems,” Nanoscale 7, 4598–4810 (2015).
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J. D. Buron, F. Pizzocchero, P. U. Jepsen, D. H. Petersen, J. M. Caridad, B. S. Jessen, T. J. Booth, and P. Bøggild, “Graphene mobility mapping,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12305 (2015).
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J. D. Buron, D. M. A. Mackenzie, D. H. Petersen, A. Pesquera, A. Centeno, P. Bøggild, A. Zurutuza, and P. U. Jepsen, “Terahertz wafer-scale mobility mapping of graphene on insulating substrates without a gate,” Opt. Express 23, 30721–30729 (2015).
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T. Ma, A. Markov, L. Wang, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Graded index porous optical fibers—dispersion management in terahertz range,” Opt. Express 23, 7856–7869 (2015).
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M. Hangyo, “Development and future prospects of terahertz technology,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54, 120101 (2015).
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T. Otsuji, “Trends in the research of modern terahertz detectors: plasmon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5, 1110–1120 (2015).

P. A. Chizhov, A. A. Ushakov, V. V. Bukin, and S. V. Garnov, “Measurement of spatio-temporal field distribution of THz pulses in electro-optic crystal by interferometry method,” Quantum Electron. 45, 434–436 (2015).
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D. Dufour, L. Marchese, M. Terroux, H. Oulachgar, F. Généreux, M. Doucet, L. Mercier, B. Tremblay, C. Alain, P. Beaupré, N. Blanchard, M. Bolduc, C. Chevalier, D. D’Amato, Y. Desroches, F. Duchesne, L. Gagnon, S. Ilias, H. Jerominek, F. Lagacé, J. Lambert, F. Lamontagne, L. Le Noc, A. Martel, O. Pancrati, J. E. Paultre, T. Pope, F. Provençal, P. Topart, C. Vachon, S. Verreault, and A. Bergeron, “Review of terahertz technology development at INO,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 922–946 (2015).
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F. Simoens, J. Meilhan, and J.-A. Nicolas, “Terahertz real-time imaging uncooled arrays based on antenna-coupled bolometers or FET developed at CEA-Leti,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 961–985 (2015).
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C. Vicario, M. Jazbinsek, A. V. Ovchinnikov, O. V. Chefonov, S. I. Ashitkov, M. B. Agranat, and C. P. Hauri, “High efficiency THz generation in DSTMS, DAST and OH1 pumped by Cr:forsterite laser,” Opt. Express 23, 4573–4580 (2015).
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T. Bowman, M. El-Shenawee, and L. Campbell, “Terahertz imaging of excised breast tumor tissue on paraffin sections,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63, 2088–2097 (2015).
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W. He, L. Zhang, D. Bowes, H. Yin, K. Ronald, A. D. R. Phelps, and A. W. Cross, “Generation of broadband terahertz radiation using a backward wave oscillator and pseudospark-sourced electron beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 133501 (2015).
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M. A. Belkin and F. Capasso, “New frontiers in quantum cascade lasers: high performance room temperature terahertz sources,” Phys. Scr. 90, 118002 (2015).
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2014 (36)

A. Valavanis, J. Zhu, J. Freeman, L. Li, L. Chen, A. G. Davies, E. H. Linfield, and P. Dean, “Terahertz quantum cascade lasers with >1  W output powers,” Electron. Lett. 50, 309–311 (2014).
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T. Ishibashi, Y. Muramoto, T. Yoshimatsu, and H. Ito, “Unitraveling-carrier photodiodes for terahertz applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 79–88 (2014).
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Y. J. Ding, “Progress in terahertz sources based on difference-frequency generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2696–2711 (2014).
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S. Fan, Y. He, B. S. Ung, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, “The growth of biomedical terahertz research,” J. Phys. D 47, 374009 (2014).
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L. Xie, Y. Yao, and Y. Ying, “The application of terahertz spectroscopy to protein detection: a review,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 49, 448–461 (2014).
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I. F. Akyildiz, J. M. Jornet, and C. Han, “Terahertz band: next frontier for wireless communications,” Phys. Commun. 12, 16–32 (2014).
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H. Minamide, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. I. Shikata, and K. Kawase, “Kilowatt-peak terahertz-wave generation and sub-femtojoule terahertz-wave pulse detection based on nonlinear optical wavelength-conversion at room temperature,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35, 25–37 (2014).
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S.-P. Han, H. Ko, N. Kim, W.-H. Lee, K. Moon, I.-M. Lee, E. S. Lee, D. H. Lee, W. Lee, S.-T. Han, S.-W. Choi, and K. H. Park, “Real-time continuous-wave terahertz line scanner based on a compact 1 × 240 InGaAs Schottky barrier diode array detector,” Opt. Express 22, 28977–28983 (2014).
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J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Hönninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of terahertz tomography techniques,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35, 382–411 (2014).
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A. Markov, H. Guerboukha, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Hybrid metal wire-dielectric terahertz waveguides: challenges and opportunities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2587–2600 (2014).
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H. Guerboukha, G. Yan, O. Skorobogata, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Silk foam terahertz waveguides,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2, 1181–1192 (2014).
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P. Bawuah, A. Pierotic Mendia, P. Silfsten, P. Pääkkönen, T. Ervasti, J. Ketolainen, J. A. Zeitler, and K. E. Peiponen, “Detection of porosity of pharmaceutical compacts by terahertz radiation transmission and light reflection measurement techniques,” Int. J. Pharm. 465, 70–76 (2014).
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K. Su, Y. C. Shen, and J. A. Zeitler, “Terahertz sensor for non-contact thickness and quality measurement of automobile paints of varying complexity,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4, 432–439 (2014).
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F. Simoens and J. Meilhan, “Terahertz real-time imaging uncooled array based on antenna- and cavity-coupled bolometers,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London A 372, 0111 (2014).
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M. Skorobogatiy, “Linear rotary optical delay lines,” Opt. Express 22, 11812–11833 (2014).
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T. Probst, A. Rehn, S. F. Busch, S. Chatterjee, M. Koch, and M. Scheller, “Cost-efficient delay generator for fast terahertz imaging,” Opt. Lett. 39, 4863–4866 (2014).
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R. J. B. Dietz, N. Vieweg, T. Puppe, A. Zach, B. Globisch, T. Göbel, P. Leisching, and M. Schell, “All fiber-coupled THz-TDS system with kHz measurement rate based on electronically controlled optical sampling,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6482–6485 (2014).
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A. Brahm, A. Wilms, R. J. B. Dietz, T. Göbel, M. Schell, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Multichannel terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system at 1030  nm excitation wavelength,” Opt. Express 22, 12982–12993 (2014).
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A. J. Macfaden, J. L. Reno, I. Brener, and O. Mitrofanov, “3  μm aperture probes for near-field terahertz transmission microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 011110 (2014).
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K. Murate, Y. Taira, S. R. Tripathi, S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, H. Minamide, and K. Kawase, “A high dynamic range and spectrally flat terahertz spectrometer based on optical parametric processes in LiNbO3,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4, 523–526 (2014).
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E. Abraham, M. Bessou, A. Ziéglé, M. C. Hervé, L. Szentmiklósi, Z. S. Kasztovszky, Z. Kis, and M. Menu, “Terahertz, X-ray and neutron computed tomography of an Eighteenth Dynasty Egyptian sealed pottery,” Appl. Phys. A 117, 963–972 (2014).
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T. Kashiwagi, K. Nakade, Y. Saiwai, H. Minami, T. Kitamura, C. Watanabe, K. Ishida, S. Sekimoto, K. Asanuma, T. Yasui, Y. Shibano, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, B. Marković, J. Mirković, R. A. Klemm, and K. Kadowaki, “Computed tomography image using sub-terahertz waves generated from a high- Tc superconducting intrinsic Josephson junction oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 082603 (2014).
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A. Brahm, M. Tymoshchuk, F. Wichmann, S. Merx, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Wavelet based identification of substances in terahertz tomography measurements,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35, 974–986 (2014).
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B. Recur, H. Balacey, J. Bou Sleiman, J. B. Perraud, J.-P. Guillet, A. Kingston, and P. Mounaix, “Ordered subsets convex algorithm for 3D terahertz transmission tomography,” Opt. Express 22, 23299–23309 (2014).
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A. Bitman, S. Goldring, I. Moshe, and Z. Zalevsky, “Computed tomography using broadband Bessel THz beams and phase contrast,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1925–1928 (2014).
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A. Brahm, A. Wilms, M. Tymoshchuk, C. Grossmann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Optical effects at projection measurements for terahertz tomography,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 49–57 (2014).
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A. Lisauskas, M. Bauer, S. Boppel, M. Mundt, B. Khamaisi, E. Socher, R. Venckevičius, L. Minkevičius, I. Kašalynas, D. Seliuta, G. Valušis, V. Krozer, and H. G. Roskos, “Exploration of terahertz imaging with silicon MOSFETs,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 35, 63–80 (2014).
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W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S. Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance toward terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photon. 1, 625–630 (2014).
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U. R. Pfeiffer, Y. Zhao, J. Grzyb, R. Al Hadi, N. Sarmah, W. Förster, H. Rücker, and B. Heinemann, “A 0.53  THz reconfigurable source module with up to 1  mW radiated power for diffuse illumination in terahertz imaging applications,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49, 2938–2950 (2014).
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M. Bauer, R. Venckevičius, I. Kašalynas, S. Boppel, M. Mundt, A. Lisauskas, G. Valušis, and V. Krozer, “Antenna-coupled field-effect transistors for multi-spectral terahertz imaging up to 4. 25  THz,” Opt. Express 22, 19235–19241 (2014).
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G. Ok, K. Park, H. J. Kim, H. S. Chun, and S.-W. Choi, “High-speed terahertz imaging toward food quality inspection,” Appl. Opt. 53, 1406–1412 (2014).
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E. Heinz, T. May, D. Born, G. Zieger, K. Peiselt, V. Zakosarenko, T. Krause, A. Krüger, M. Schulz, F. Bauer, and H.-G. Meyer, “Progress in passive submillimeter-wave video imaging,” Proc. SPIE 9078, 907808 (2014).
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L. Liu, S. Rahman, L.-J. Cheng, P. Fay, Z. Jiang, J. Qayyum, M. I. B. Shams, and H. G. Xing, “Approaching real-time terahertz imaging with photo-induced coded apertures and compressed sensing,” Electron. Lett. 50, 801–803 (2014).
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A. Kannegulla, Z. Jiang, S. M. Rahman, M. I. B. Shams, P. Fay, H. G. Xing, L. J. Cheng, and L. Liu, “Coded-aperture imaging using photo-induced reconfigurable aperture arrays for mapping terahertz beams,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4, 321–327 (2014).
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C. M. Watts, D. Shrekenhamer, J. Montoya, G. Lipworth, J. Hunt, T. Sleasman, S. Krishna, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Terahertz compressive imaging with metamaterial spatial light modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 605–609 (2014).
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O. Furxhi, D. L. Marks, and D. J. Brady, “Echelle crossed grating millimeter wave beam scanner,” Opt. Express 22, 16393–16407 (2014).
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2013 (22)

D. Shrekenhamer, C. M. Watts, and W. J. Padilla, “Terahertz single pixel imaging with an optically controlled dynamic spatial light modulator,” Opt. Express 21, 12507–12518 (2013).
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E. J. Candès, T. Strohmer, and V. Voroninski, “PhaseLift: exact and stable signal recovery from magnitude measurements via convex programming,” Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 66, 1241–1274 (2013).
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M. Rahm, J. S. Li, and W. J. Padilla, “THz wave modulators: a brief review on different modulation techniques,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34, 1–27 (2013).
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Y. Zhang, “Theory of compressive sensing via ℓ1-minimization: a non-RIP analysis and extensions,” J. Oper. Res. Soc. China 1, 79–105 (2013).
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H. Füser and M. Bieler, “Terahertz beam steering by optical coherent control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 251109 (2013).
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J. Neu, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Metamaterial-based gradient index beam steerers for terahertz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 041109 (2013).
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W. Knap, S. Rumyantsev, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, S. Blin, N. Dyakonova, M. Shur, F. Teppe, A. Tredicucci, and T. Nagatsuma, “Nanometer size field effect transistors for terahertz detectors,” Nanotechnology 24, 214002 (2013).
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S. Mukherjee, J. Federici, P. Lopes, and M. Cabral, “Elimination of Fresnel reflection boundary effects and beam steering in pulsed terahertz computed tomography,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34, 539–555 (2013).
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M. Jewariya, E. Abraham, T. Kitaguchi, Y. Ohgi, M. Minami, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Fast three-dimensional terahertz computed tomography using real-time line projection of intense terahertz pulse,” Opt. Express 21, 2423–2433 (2013).
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N. Rothbart, H. Richter, M. Wienold, L. Schrottke, H. T. Grahn, and H. W. Hubers, “Fast 2-D and 3-D terahertz imaging with a quantum-cascade laser and a scanning mirror,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3, 617–624 (2013).
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F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time, subwavelength terahertz imaging,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 43, 237–259 (2013).
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C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, “Significant performance enhancement in photoconductive terahertz optoelectronics by incorporating plasmonic contact electrodes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
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T. L. Cocker, V. Jelic, M. Gupta, S. J. Molesky, J. A. J. Burgess, G. D. L. Reyes, L. V. Titova, Y. Y. Tsui, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “An ultrafast terahertz scanning tunnelling microscope,” Nat. Photonics 7, 620–625 (2013).
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B. Kearney, F. Alves, D. Grbovic, and G. Karunasiri, “Al/SiOx/Al single and multiband metamaterial absorbers for terahertz sensor applications,” Opt. Eng. 52, 013801 (2013).
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R. K. May, K. Su, L. Han, S. Zhong, J. A. Elliott, L. F. Gladden, M. Evans, Y. Shen, and J. A. Zeitler, “Hardness and density distributions of pharmaceutical tablets measured by terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci. 102, 2179–2186 (2013).
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C. Seco-Martorell, V. López-Domínguez, G. Arauz-Garofalo, A. Redo-Sanchez, J. Palacios, and J. Tejada, “Goya’s artwork imaging with terahertz waves,” Opt. Express 21, 17800–17805 (2013).
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M. Haaser, K. C. Gordon, C. J. Strachan, and T. Rades, “Terahertz pulsed imaging as an advanced characterisation tool for film coatings—a review,” Int. J. Pharm. 457, 510–520 (2013).
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S. Atakaramians, V. S. Afshar, T. M. Monro, and D. Abbott, “Terahertz dielectric waveguides,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 5, 169–215 (2013).
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R. Han, Y. Zhang, Y. Kim, D. Y. Kim, H. Shichijo, E. Afshari, and K. K. O, “Active terahertz imaging using Schottky diodes in CMOS: array and 860-GHz pixel,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 48, 2296–2308 (2013).
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A. Redo-Sanchez, N. Laman, B. Schulkin, and T. Tongue, “Review of terahertz technology readiness assessment and applications,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34, 500–518 (2013).
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M. Haaser, Y. Karrout, C. Velghe, Y. Cuppok, K. C. Gordon, M. Pepper, J. Siepmann, T. Rades, P. F. Taday, and C. J. Strachan, “Application of terahertz pulsed imaging to analyse film coating characteristics of sustained-release coated pellets,” Int. J. Pharm. 457, 521–526 (2013).
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J. Qin, Y. Ying, and L. Xie, “The detection of agricultural products and food using terahertz spectroscopy: a review,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 48, 439–457 (2013).
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2012 (28)

R. J. Falconer and A. G. Markelz, “Terahertz spectroscopic analysis of peptides and proteins,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 973–988 (2012).
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M. Kawase, “Application of terahertz waves to food science,” Food Sci. Technol. Res. 18, 601–609 (2012).
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R. Al Hadi, H. Sherry, J. Grzyb, Y. Zhao, W. Forster, H. M. Keller, A. Cathelin, and A. Kaiser, and U. R. Pfeiffer, “A 1 k-pixel video camera for 0.7-1.1 terahertz imaging applications in 65-nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 47, 2999–3012 (2012).
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R. Al Hadi, H. Sherry, J. Grzyb, Y. Zhao, W. Forster, H. M. Keller, A. Cathelin, and A. Kaiser, and U. R. Pfeiffer, “A 1 k-pixel video camera for 0.7-1.1 terahertz imaging applications in 65-nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 47, 2999–3012 (2012).
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J. Lloyd-Hughes and T. I. Jeon, “A review of the terahertz conductivity of bulk and nano-materials,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 871–925 (2012).
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A. J. Fitzgerald, “Classification of terahertz-pulsed imaging data from excised breast tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 016005 (2012).
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J. F. O’Hara, W. Withayachumnankul, and I. Al-Naib, “A review on thin-film sensing with terahertz waves,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 245–291 (2012).
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J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, M. J. Paul, J. W. Kevek, A. M. Van Der Zande, R. A. Barton, H. Choi, P. L. McEuen, E. D. Minot, and Y. S. Lee, “High-contrast imaging of graphene via time-domain terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 839–845 (2012).
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M. J. Paul, J. L. Tomaino, J. W. Kevek, T. Deborde, Z. J. Thompson, E. D. Minot, and Y. S. Lee, “Terahertz imaging of inhomogeneous electrodynamics in single-layer graphene embedded in dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 091109 (2012).
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J. D. Buron, D. H. Petersen, P. Bøggild, D. G. Cooke, M. Hilke, J. Sun, E. Whiteway, P. F. Nielsen, O. Hansen, A. Yurgens, and P. U. Jepsen, “Graphene conductance uniformity mapping,” Nano Lett. 12, 5074–5081 (2012).
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F. Alves, B. Kearney, D. Grbovic, N. V. Lavrik, and G. Karunasiri, “Strong terahertz absorption using SiO2/Al based metamaterial structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 111104 (2012).
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D.-T. Nguyen, F. Simoens, J.-L. Ouvrier-Buffet, J. Meilhan, and J.-L. Coutaz, “Broadband THz uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array—electromagnetic design, simulations and measurements,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 2, 299–305 (2012).
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F. Blanchard, K. Ooi, T. Tanaka, A. Doi, and K. Tanaka, “Terahertz spectroscopy of the reactive and radiative near-field zones of split ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20, 19395–19403 (2012).
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K. Locharoenrat and I. Hsu, “Optical delay line for rapid scanning low-coherence reflectometer,” Int. J. Inf. Electron. Eng. 2, 904–906 (2012).
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U. S. de Cumis, J.-H. Xu, L. Masini, R. Degl’Innocenti, P. Pingue, F. Beltram, A. Tredicucci, M. S. Vitiello, P. A. Benedetti, H. E. Beere, and D. A. Ritchie, “Terahertz confocal microscopy with a quantum cascade laser source,” Opt. Express 20, 21924–21931 (2012).
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Q. Li, Y. Da Li, S. H. Ding, and Q. Wang, “Terahertz computed tomography using a continuous-wave gas laser,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 548–558 (2012).
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M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantage of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun. 285, 4175–4179 (2012).
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M. Bessou, B. Chassagne, J.-P. Caumes, C. Pradère, P. Maire, M. Tondusson, and E. Abraham, “Three-dimensional terahertz computed tomography of human bones,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6738–6744 (2012).
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B. Recur, J. P. Guillet, I. Manek-Hönninger, J. C. Delagnes, W. Benharbone, P. Desbarats, J. P. Domenger, L. Canioni, and P. Mounaix, “Propagation beam consideration for 3D THz computed tomography,” Opt. Express 20, 5817–5829 (2012).
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L. Vicarelli, M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, A. Lombardo, A. C. Ferrari, W. Knap, M. Polini, V. Pellegrini, and A. Tredicucci, “Graphene field-effect transistors as room-temperature terahertz detectors,” Nat. Mater. 11, 865–871 (2012).
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B. Scherger, M. Reuter, M. Scheller, K. Altmann, N. Vieweg, R. Dabrowski, J. A. Deibel, and M. Koch, “Discrete terahertz beam steering with an electrically controlled liquid crystal device,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 33, 1117–1122 (2012).
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S. Busch, B. Scherger, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Optically controlled terahertz beam steering and imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1391–1393 (2012).
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K. Sengupta and A. Hajimiri, “A 0.28 THz power-generation and beam-steering array in CMOS based on distributed active radiators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 47, 3013–3031 (2012).
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S. Boppel, A. Lisauskas, A. Max, V. Krozer, and H. G. Roskos, “CMOS detector arrays in a virtual 10-kilopixel camera for coherent terahertz real-time imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 536–538 (2012).
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A. Garcia-Pino, N. Llombart, B. Gonzalez-Valdes, and O. Rubinos-Lopez, “A bifocal ellipsoidal Gregorian reflector system for THz imaging applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60, 4119–4129 (2012).
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F. Marvasti, A. Amini, F. Haddadi, M. Soltanolkotabi, B. H. Khalaj, A. Aldroubi, S. Sanei, and J. Chambers, “A unified approach to sparse signal processing,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2012, 44 (2012).
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S. Yu, A. Shaharyar Khwaja, and J. Ma, “Compressed sensing of complex-valued data,” Signal Process. 92, 357–362 (2012).
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H. Shen, L. Gan, N. Newman, Y. Dong, C. Li, Y. Huang, and Y. C. Shen, “Spinning disk for compressive imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 46–48 (2012).
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S. Schumann, C. Jansen, M. Schwerdtfeger, S. F. Busch, O. Peters, M. Scheller, and M. Koch, “Spectrum to space transformed fast terahertz imaging,” Opt. Express 20, 19200–19205 (2012).
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2011 (29)

M. F. Duarte and Y. C. Eldar, “Structured compressed sensing: from theory to applications,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 59, 4053–4085 (2011).
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K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, B. Thomas, G. Chattopadhyay, and P. H. Siegel, “THz imaging radar for standoff personnel screening,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 169–182 (2011).
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S. Katletz, M. Pfleger, H. Pühringer, N. Vieweg, B. Scherger, B. Heinen, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Efficient terahertz en-face imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 23042–23053 (2011).
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S. Boppel, A. Lisauskas, V. Krozer, and H. G. Roskos, “Performance and performance variations of sub-1  THz detectors fabricated with 0.15  μm CMOS foundry process,” Electron. Lett. 47, 661–662 (2011).
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M. S. Vitiello, D. Coquillat, L. Viti, D. Ercolani, F. Teppe, A. Pitanti, F. Beltram, L. Sorba, W. Knap, and A. Tredicucci, “Room-temperature terahertz detectors based on semiconductor nanowire field-effect transistors,” Nano Lett. 12, 96–101 (2011).
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F. Schuster, D. Coquillat, H. Videlier, M. Sakowicz, F. Teppe, L. Dussopt, B. Giffard, T. Skotnicki, and W. Knap, “Broadband terahertz imaging with highly sensitive silicon CMOS detectors,” Opt. Express 19, 7827–7832 (2011).
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J.-P. Caumes, A. Younus, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, B. Recur, A. Ziéglé, A. Dautant, and E. Abraham, “Terahertz tomographic imaging of XVIIIth Dynasty Egyptian sealed pottery,” Appl. Opt. 50, 3604–3608 (2011).
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A. J. L. Adam, “Review of near-field terahertz measurement methods and their applications: how to achieve sub-wavelength resolution at THz frequencies,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 976–1019 (2011).
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P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging—modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 124–166 (2011).
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H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1  MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
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R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, “OSCAT: novel technique for time-resolved experiments without moveable optical delay lines,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 596–602 (2011).
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R. Wilk, T. Hochrein, M. Koch, M. Mei, and R. Holzwarth, “Terahertz spectrometer operation by laser repetition frequency tuning,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 592–594 (2011).
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A. Doi, F. Blanchard, T. Tanaka, and K. Tanaka, “Improving spatial resolution of real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 1043–1051 (2011).
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F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express 19, 8277–8284 (2011).
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M. Scheller, S. F. Dürrschmidt, M. Stecher, and M. Koch, “Terahertz quasi-time-domain spectroscopy imaging,” Appl. Opt. 50, 1884–1888 (2011).
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Y.-C. Shen, “Terahertz pulsed spectroscopy and imaging for pharmaceutical applications: a review,” Int. J. Pharm. 417, 48–60 (2011).
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J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, J. W. Kevek, M. J. Paul, A. M. van der Zande, R. A. Barton, P. L. McEuen, E. D. Minot, and Y.-S. Lee, “Terahertz imaging and spectroscopy of large-area single-layer graphene,” Opt. Express 19, 141–146 (2011).
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R. Ulbricht, E. Hendry, J. Shan, T. F. Heinz, and M. Bonn, “Carrier dynamics in semiconductors studied with time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 543–586 (2011).
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R. K. May, M. J. Evans, S. Zhong, I. Warr, L. F. Gladden, Y. Shen, and J. A. Zeitler, “Terahertz in-line sensor for direct coating thickness measurement of individual tablets during film coating in real-time,” J. Pharm. Sci. 100, 1535–1544 (2011).
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S.-H. Cho, S.-H. Lee, C. Nam-Gung, S.-J. Oh, J.-H. Son, H. Park, and C.-B. Ahn, “Fast terahertz reflection tomography using block-based compressed sensing,” Opt. Express 19, 16401–16409 (2011).
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B. Recur, A. Younus, S. Salort, P. Mounaix, B. Chassagne, P. Desbarats, J.-P. Caumes, and E. Abraham, “Investigation on reconstruction methods applied to 3D terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Express 19, 5105–5117 (2011).
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J. Dai, J. Liu, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave air photonics: terahertz wave generation and detection with laser-induced gas plasma,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 183–190 (2011).
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S.-H. Ding, Q. Li, Y.-D. Li, and Q. Wang, “Continuous-wave terahertz digital holography by use of a pyroelectric array camera,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1993–1995 (2011).
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S. Preu, G. H. Dhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 061301 (2011).
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C. P. Hauri, C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and F. Ardana, “Strong-field single-cycle THz pulses generated in an organic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161116 (2011).
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T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 32, 143–171 (2011).
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H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256–263 (2011).
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J. B. Jackson, J. Bowen, G. Walker, J. Labaune, G. Mourou, M. Menu, and K. Fukunaga, “A survey of terahertz applications in cultural heritage conservation science,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 220–231 (2011).
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S. Kumar, “Recent progress in terahertz quantum cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 38–47 (2011).
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2010 (25)

M. Mineo and C. Paoloni, “Corrugated rectangular waveguide tunable backward wave oscillator for terahertz applications,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 57, 1481–1484 (2010).
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A. Maestrini, B. Thomas, H. Wang, C. Jung, J. Treuttel, Y. Jin, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and G. Beaudin, “Schottky diode-based terahertz frequency multipliers and mixers,” C. R. Phys. 11, 480–495 (2010).
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J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
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N. Oda, “Uncooled bolometer-type terahertz focal plane array and camera for real-time imaging,” Comptes Rendus Phys. 11, 496–509 (2010).
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Q. Li, S.-H. Ding, R. Yao, and Q. Wang, “Real-time terahertz scanning imaging by use of a pyroelectric array camera and image denoising,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 2381–2386 (2010).
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F. Sizov and A. Rogalski, “THz detectors,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 278–347 (2010).
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A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 151–158 (2010).
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K. Fukunaga and M. Picollo, “Terahertz spectroscopy applied to the analysis of artists’ materials,” Appl. Phys. A 100, 591–597 (2010).
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P. Kužel, H. Němec, F. Kadlec, C. Kadlec, P. Kuzel, H. Nemec, F. Kadlec, and C. Kadlec, “Gouy shift correction for highly accurate refractive index retrieval in time-domain terahertz spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 18, 15338–15348 (2010).
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M. Schirmer, M. Fujio, M. Minami, J. Miura, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Biomedical applications of a real-time terahertz color scanner,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1, 354–366 (2010).
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D. Stehr, C. M. Morris, C. Schmidt, and M. S. Sherwin, “High-performance fiber-laser-based terahertz spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3799–3801 (2010).
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T. Hochrein, R. Wilk, M. Mei, R. Holzwarth, N. Krumbholz, and M. Koch, “Optical sampling by laser cavity tuning,” Opt. Express 18, 1613–1617 (2010).
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S. Kray, F. Spöler, T. Hellerer, and H. Kurz, “Electronically controlled coherent linear optical sampling for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18, 9976–9990 (2010).
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Y. Kim and D.-S. Yee, “High-speed terahertz time-domain spectroscopy based on electronically controlled optical sampling,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3715–3717 (2010).
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A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Express 18, 18419–18424 (2010).
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X. Wang, Y. Cui, W. Sun, J. Ye, and Y. Zhang, “Terahertz polarization real-time imaging based on balanced electro-optic detection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 2387–2393 (2010).
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X. Wang, Y. Cui, W. Sun, J. Ye, and Y. Zhang, “Terahertz real-time imaging with balanced electro-optic detection,” Opt. Commun. 283, 4626–4632 (2010).
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M. A. Salhi, I. Pupeza, and M. Koch, “Confocal THz laser microscope,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 31, 358–366 (2010).
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2008 (24)

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2006 (13)

A. Schneider, M. Neis, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, R. U. A. Khan, and P. Günter, “Generation of terahertz pulses through optical rectification in organic DAST crystals: theory and experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1822–1835 (2006).
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2005 (13)

N. P. Pitsianis, D. J. Brady, and X. Sun, “Sensor-layer image compression based on the quantized cosine transform,” Proc. SPIE 5817, 250–257 (2005).
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2004 (11)

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2001 (4)

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2000 (6)

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1999 (2)

O. Morikawa, M. Tonouchi, and M. Hangyo, “Sub-THz spectroscopic system using a multimode laser diode and photoconductive antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3772–3774 (1999).
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1998 (4)

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1997 (3)

1996 (8)

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1995 (4)

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1994 (2)

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1992 (3)

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1991 (2)

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1989 (2)

1988 (1)

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1987 (1)

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1984 (1)

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1950 (1)

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1949 (1)

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1944 (1)

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