Abstract

Long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LRSPPs) are optical surface waves that propagate along a thin symmetric metal slab or stripe over an appreciable length (centimeters). Vigorous interest in LRSPPs has stimulated a large number of studies over three decades spanning a broad topical landscape. Naturally, a good segment of the literature covers fundamentals such as modal characteristics, excitation, and field enhancement. But a large portion also involves the LRSPP in diverse phenomena, including nonlinear interactions, molecular scattering, fluorescence, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, transmission through opaque metal films and emission extraction, amplification and lasing, surface characterization, metal roughness and islandization, optical interconnects and integrated structures, gratings, thermo-, electro- and magneto-optics, and (bio)chemical sensing. Despite the breadth and depth of the research conducted to date, much remains to be uncovered, and the scope for future investigations is broad. We review the properties of the LRSPP, survey the literature involving this wave, and discuss the prospects for applications. Avenues for further work are suggested.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (26)

T. J. Davis, “Surface plasmon modes in multi-layer thin-films,” Opt. Commun. 282, 135–140 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Yun, G. Hu, Y. Cui, “Bound modes analysis of symmetric dielectric loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 3610–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Dostálek, W. Knoll, “Long range surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy for the detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24, 2264–2267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, R. F. Roskamp, W. Knoll, “Coupled long range surface plasmons for the investigation of thin films and interfaces,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 9–12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Vala, S. Etheridge, J. A. Roach, J. Homola, “Long-range surface plasmons for sensitive detection of bacterial analytes,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 59–63 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Konopsky, E. V. Alieva, “Long-range plasmons in lossy metal films on photonic crystal surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 34, 479–481 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Park, J. J. Ju, J. T. Kim, M.-S. Kim, S. K. Park, J.-M. Lee, W.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, “Sub-dB/cm propagation loss in silver stripe waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 697–702 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Adato, J. Guo, “Modification of dispersion, localization, and attenuation of thin metal stripe symmetric surface plasmon-polariton modes by thin dielectric layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, R. Buckley, “On the convergence and accuracy of numerical mode computations of surface plasmon waveguides,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 6, 2040–2053 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, S.-Y. Cho, T. Tyler, N. M. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, “Directional coupling between dielectric and long-range plasmon waveguides,” New J. Phys. 11, 015002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Buckley, P. Berini, “Long-range substantially nonradiative metallo-dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 34, 223–225 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y.-C. Xu, J. S. Aitchison, “Surface plasmon polariton discrete diffraction compensation,” Opt. Lett. 34, 350–352 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Buckley, P. Berini, “Radiation suppressing metallo-dielectric optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2800–2808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, M.-S. Kim, S. K. Park, J. T. Kim, J.-S. Choe, W.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J. J. Ju, “Low bending loss metal waveguide embedded in a free-standing multilayered polymer film,” Opt. Express 17, 228–234 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J.-S. Choe, M.-H. Lee, S.-Y. Shin, “Silver stripe optical waveguide for chip-to-chip optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 902–904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Mu, W.-P. Huang, “A low-loss surface plasmonic Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 436–439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Tencer, P. Berini, “Design of microfluidic channels separated by an ultra-thin free standing dielectric membrane,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6, 17–26 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Daviau, E. Lisicka-Skrzek, R. N. Tait, P. Berini, “Broadside excitation of surface plasmon waveguides on Cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 091114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Fong, P. Berini, R. N. Tait, “Fabrication of surface plasmon waveguides on thin Cytop membranes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 27, 614–619 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, K. S. Chiang, “Refractive-index sensor based on long-range surface plasmon mode excitation with long-period waveguide grating,” Opt. Express 17, 7933–7942 (2009).
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R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, “Broadside coupling to long-range surface plasmons in metal stripes using prisms, particles and an atomic force microscope probe,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 073106 (2008).
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P. Berini, “Bulk and surface sensitivities of surface plasmon waveguides,” New J. Phys. 10, 105010 (2008).
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J. Guo, R. Adato, “Control of 2D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers,” Opt. Express 16, 1232–1237 (2008).
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J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, D. W. Smith, “Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3892–3900 (2008).
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W. Knoll, A. Kasry, F. Yu, Y. Wang, A. Brunsen, J. Dostálek, “New concepts with surface plasmons and nano-biointerfaces,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 17, 121–129 (2008).
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I. De Leon, P. Berini, “Theory of surface plasmon-polariton amplification in planar structures incorporating dipolar gain media,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 161401(R) (2008).
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J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 108, 462–493 (2008).
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V. Giannini, Y. Zhang, M. Forcales, J. Gómez Rivas, “Long-range surface polaritons in ultra-thin films of silicon,” Opt. Express 16, 19674–19685 (2008).
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A. Degiron, P. Berini, D. R. Smith, “Guiding light with long-range plasmons,” Opt. Photonics News 19, 28–34 (2008).
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A. V. Korovin, “Improved method for computing of light–matter interaction in multilayer corrugated structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 394–399 (2008).
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A. Sellai, M. Elzain, “Characteristics of a dielectric-metal–dielectric plasmonic waveguide,” Physica E (Amsterdam) 41, 106–109 (2008).
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J. Dostálek, A. Kasry, W. Knoll, “Long range surface plasmons for observation of biomolecular binding events at metallic surfaces,” Plasmonics 2, 97–106 (2007).
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J. T. Hastings, J. Guo, P. D. Keathley, P. B. Kumaresh, Y. Wei, S. Law, L. G. Bachas, “Optimal self-referenced sensing using long- and short-range surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15, 17661–17672 (2007).
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Y. Wang, Z. Zhou, “Silicon amplifier based on surface-plasmon-polariton enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 053504 (2007).
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N.-F. Chiu, C.-W. Lin, J.-H. Lee, C.-H. Kuan, K.-C. Wu, C.-K. Lee, “Enhanced luminescence of organic/metal nanostructure for grating coupler active long-range surface plasmonic device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 083114 (2007).
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S. Wedge, A. Giannattasio, W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon-polariton mediated emission of light from top-emitting organic light-emitting diode type structures,” Org. Electron. 8, 136–147 (2007).
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S. Sidorenko, O. J. F. Martin, “Resonant tunneling of surface plasmon-polaritons,” Opt. Express 15, 6380–6388 (2007).
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Y. Satuby, M. Orenstein, “Surface plasmon polariton waveguiding: from multimode stripe to a slot geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251104 (2007).
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P. Berini, “Air gaps in metal stripe waveguides supporting long-range surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 033112 (2007).
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R. Buckley, P. Berini, “Figures of merit for 2D surface plasmon waveguides and application to metal stripes,” Opt. Express 15, 12174–12182 (2007).
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P. Berini, “Long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides in silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053105 (2007).
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D. F. P. Pile, D. K. Gramotnev, R. F. Oulton, X. Zhang, “On long-range plasmonic modes in metallic gaps,” Opt. Express 15, 13669–13674 (2007).
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I. Salakhutdinov, J. S. Thakur, K. Leosson, “Characterization of long-range surface plasmon-polariton in stripe waveguides using scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 123110 (2007).
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J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.-S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit∕s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
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J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, “10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguide,” ETRI J. 29, 808–810 (2007).
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M. Tencer, R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, “Confinement and manipulation of droplets on hydrophilic surfaces using a flat high surface energy guide,” Lab Chip 7, 483–489 (2007).
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P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, “Long-range surface plasmons on ultrathin membranes,” Nano Lett. 7, 1376–1380 (2007).
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M. Tencer, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, P. Berini, “AFM study of BSA adlayers on Au stripes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 9209–9214 (2007).
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P. Berini, G. Mattiussi, N. Lahoud, R. Charbonneau, “Wafer-bonded surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061108 (2007).
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S.-K. Kim, Y.-C. Hung, W. Yuan, D.-H. Cha, K. Geary, H. R. Fetterman, S. M. Ha, Q. Pei, J. Luo, X.-H. Zhou, A. K.-Y. Jen, M.-S. Kwon, W. H. Steier, “Metal-slotted polymer optical waveguide device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 243507 (2007).
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P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, S. Jetté-Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, “Long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides and devices in lithium niobate,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113114 (2007).
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G. Mattiussi, N. Lahoud, R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, “Fabrication of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides in lithium niobate on silicon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 25, 692–700 (2007).
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R. H. Pedersen, A. Boltasseva, D. M. Johansen, T. Nielsen, K. B. Jørgensen, K. Leosson, J. E. Østergaard, A. Kristensen, “Nanoimprinted reflecting gratings for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Microelectron. Eng. 84, 895–898 (2007).
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M. Z. Alam, J. Meier, J. S. Aitchison, M. Mojahedi, “Gain assisted surface plasmon polariton in quantum wells structures,” Opt. Express 15, 176–182 (2007).
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S. Jetté-Charbonneau, P. Berini, “External cavity laser using a long-range surface plasmon grating as a distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181114 (2007).
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J. A. Conway, S. Sahni, T. Szkopek, “Plasmonic interconnects versus conventional interconnects: a comparison of latency, cross-talk and energy costs,” Opt. Express 15, 4474–4484 (2007).
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R. L. Rich, D. G. Myszka, “Survey of the year 2005 commercial optical biosensor literature,” J. Mol. Recognit. 19, 478–534 (2006).
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T. Søndergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Boltasseva, “Theoretical analysis of ridge gratings for long-range-surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 045320 (2006).
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A. Boltasseva, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, “Compact Bragg gratings for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 912–918 (2006).
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S. Jetté-Charbonneau, P. Berini, “Theoretical performance of Bragg gratings based on long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1757–1767 (2006).
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G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Thermally activated variable attenuation of long-range surface plasmon-polariton waves,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4391–4402 (2006).
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R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Passive integrated optics elements based on long-ranging surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477–494 (2006).
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H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C.-H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, S. I. Kim, “Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
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P. Berini, J. Lu, “Curved long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 2365–2371 (2006).
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A. Boltasseva, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Directional couplers using long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1233–1241 (2006).
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W.-K. Kim, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, H.-Y. Lee, M.-H. Lee, W.-J. Jung, “Leaky modes of curved long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguide,” Opt. Express 14, 13043–13049 (2006).
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K. Leosson, T. Nikolajsen, A. Boltasseva, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Long-range surface plasmon polariton nanowire waveguides for device applications,” Opt. Express 14, 314–319 (2006).
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A. Degiron, D. Smith, “Numerical simulations of long-range plasmons,” Opt. Express 14, 1611–1625 (2006).
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A. Hosseini, A. Nieuwoudt, Y. Massoud, “Efficient simulation of subwavelength plasmonic waveguides using implicitly restarted Arnoldi,” Opt. Express 14, 7291–7298 (2006).
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R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, M. L. Brongersma, “Near-field characterization of guided polariton propagation and cutoff in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 165415 (2006).
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D. Kumar, V. K. Sharma, K. N. Tripathi, “Design and fabrication of multilayer metal-clad dielectric surface plasmon waveguide polarizers,” Opt. Eng. 45, 054601 (2006).
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S. W. Liu, M. Xiao, “Electro-optic switch in ferroelectric thin films mediated by surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 143512 (2006).
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J. B. Khurgin, “Optical isolating action in surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251115 (2006).
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V. N. Konopsky, E. V. Alieva, “Long-range propagation of plasmon polaritons in a thin metal film on a one-dimensional photonic crystal surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 253904 (2006).
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G. Winter, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, “Can lasing at visible wavelengths be achieved using the low-loss long-range surface plasmon-polariton mode?,” New J. Phys. 8, 125 (2006).
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A. Kasry, W. Knoll, “Long range surface plasmon fluorescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101106 (2006).
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R. Slavík, J. Homola, “Optical multilayers for LED-based surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3752–3759 (2006).
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R. Slavík, J. Homola, “Simultaneous excitation of long and short range surface plasmons in an asymmetric structure,” Opt. Commun. 259, 507–512 (2006).
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R. Slavík, J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
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P. Berini, “Figures of merit for surface plasmon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 13030–13042 (2006).
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S. Wedge, S. H. Garrett, I. Sage, W. L. Barnes, “Photoluminescence emission through thin metal films via coupled surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 833–843 (2005).
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A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Integrated optical components utilizing long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413–422 (2005).
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R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Demonstration of integrated optics elements based on long-ranging surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 13, 977–984 (2005).
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T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun. 244, 455–459 (2005).
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S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun. 255, 51–56 (2005).
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T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, “Regenerated surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141105 (2005).
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A. Boltasseva, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Søndergaard, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, “Compact Z-add-drop wavelength filters for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 13, 4237–4243 (2005).
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S. Jetté-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Demonstration of Bragg gratings based on long-ranging surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4674–4682 (2005).
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S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Boltasseva, T. Søndergaard, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, “Photonic bandgap structures for long-range surface plasmon polaritons” Opt. Commun. 250, 328–333 (2005).
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A. Boltasseva, T. Søndergaard, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, “Propagation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons in photonic crystals” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2027–2037 (2005).
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T. Søndergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Out-of-plane scattering properties of long-range surface plasmon polariton gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi B 242, 3064–3069 (2005).
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S. Jetté-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Bragg gratings based on long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides: comparison of theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1480–1491 (2005).
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J. C. Love, L. A. Estroff, J. K. Kriebel, R. G. Nuzzo, G. M. Whitesides, “Self-assembled monolayers of thiolates on metals as a form of nanotechnology,” Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 105, 1103–1169 (2005).
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2004 (12)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833–5835 (2004).
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M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, “Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides,” Opt. Express 12, 4072–4079 (2004).
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J. R. Krenn, J.-C. Weeber, “Surface plasmon polaritons in metal stripes and wires,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 739–756 (2004).
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S. J. Al-Bader, “Optical transmission on metallic wires—fundamental modes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 325–329 (2004).
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K. T. Kim, J. W. Moon, J. P. Mah, “Side-polished polarization-maintaining fibre coupler with a thin metal interlay and its application as a polarization splitter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 598–601 (2004).
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P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306, 1002–1005 (2004).
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T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, S. Kawata, “Towards plasmonic band gap laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3968–3970 (2004).
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S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon-polariton mediated light emission through thin metal films,” Opt. Express 12, 3673–3685 (2004).
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S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
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F.-C. Chien, S.-J. Chen, “A sensitivity comparison of optical biosensors based on four different surface plasmon resonance modes,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20, 633–642 (2004).
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R. Zia, M. D. Selker, P. B. Catrysse, M. L. Brongersma, “Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2442–2446 (2004).
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I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, “Coupled surface plasmon polaritons on thin metal slabs corrugated on both surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 045421 (2004).
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2003 (3)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
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J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, “Optical near-field distributions of surface plasmon waveguide modes,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115401 (2003).
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R. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668–670 (2003).
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2001 (5)

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: bound modes of asymmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
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B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51–53 (2001).
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J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, J.-P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripes,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 045411 (2001).
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G. G. Nenninger, P. Tobiška, J. Homola, S. S. Yee, “Long-range surface plasmons for high-resolution surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B 74, 145–151 (2001).
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F. Pigeon, I. F. Salakhutdinov, A. V. Tishchenko, “Identity of long-range surface plasmons along asymmetric structures and their potential for refractometric sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 852–859 (2001).
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2000 (5)

1999 (6)

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton modes guided by a metal film of finite width,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1011–1013 (1999).
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J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, J.-P. Goudonnet, “Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061–9068 (1999).
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W. L. Barnes, “Electromagnetic crystals for surface plasmon polaritons and the extraction of light from emissive devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2170–2182 (1999).
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N. M. Lyndin, I. F. Salakhutdinov, V. A. Sychugov, B. A. Usievich, F. A. Pudonin, O. Parriaux, “Long-range surface plasmons in asymmetric layered metal–dielectric structures,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 37–42 (1999).
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C.-H. Liao, C.-M. Lee, Y.-T. Cheng, J.-S. Shyu, W.-K. Su, “Resonant properties of long-range surface plasmons in an arbitrary multilayer structure,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 38, 5938–5944 (1999).
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J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3–15 (1999).
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1998 (3)

W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661–669 (1998).
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T. Kume, T. Kitigawa, S. Hayashi, K. Yamamoto, “Long-range surface modes supported by SiO2–Ag composite thin films,” Surf. Sci. 395, 23–29 (1998).
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I. F. Salakhutdinov, V. A. Sychugov, A. V. Tishchenko, B. A. Usievich, O. Parriaux, F. A. Pudonin, “Anomalous light reflection at the surface of a corrugated thin metal film,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1054–1060 (1998).
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1997 (6)

T. Sterkenburgh, H. Franke, “Observation of a long range surface mode with a polymer/silver/polymer multilayer,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1011–1013 (1997).
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M. Takabayashi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Propagation length of long-range surface optic waves in islandized silver films,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 119–125 (1997).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “Determination of the optical permittivity and thickness of absorbing films using long range modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1155–1163 (1997).
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P. Tournois, V. Laude, “Negative group velocities in metal-film optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 137, 41–45 (1997).
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S. Glasberg, A. Sharon, D. Rosenblatt, A. A. Friesem, “Long-range surface plasmon resonances in grating-waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1210–1212 (1997).
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P. J. Kajenski, “Tunable optical filter using long-range surface plasmons,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1537–1541 (1997).
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1996 (2)

E. L. Wood, J. R. Sambles, F. A. Pudonin, V. Yakolev, “Degenerate long range surface modes, supported on thin nickel films,” Opt. Commun. 132, 212–216 (1996).
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W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
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1995 (3)

N. P. K. Cotter, T. W. Preist, J. R. Sambles, “Scattering-matrix approach to multilayer diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1097–1103 (1995).
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M. Takabayashi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Propagation length of guided waves in lossy Si film sandwiched by identical dielectrics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2406–2411 (1995).
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S. Barcelos, M. N. Zervas, P. St. J. Russell, “Selective excitation of fiber-modes using surface plasmons,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1051–1053 (1995).
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1994 (3)

R. V. Andaloro, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, “Temporal pulse reshaping with surface waves,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6340–6347 (1994).
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Z.-C. Wu, E. T. Arakawa, T. Inagaki, T. Thundat, L. J. Schowalter, “Experimental observations of a long-range surface mode in metal island films,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 7782–7785 (1994).
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D. Mihalache, D.-M. Baboiu, M. Ciumac, L. Torner, J. P. Torres, “Hybrid surface plasmon polaritons guided by ultrathin metal films,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, 847–863 (1994).
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1993 (8)

S. J. Al-Bader, M. Imtaar, “Optical fiber hybrid-surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 83–88 (1993).
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M. Takabayashi, H. Shiba, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Surface optic waves in ultrathin films bounded by identical slightly lossy materials,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 62, 2719–2724 (1993).
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R. J. Crook, F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “Long-range optical modes supported by a strongly absorbing thin organic film,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 237–243 (1993).
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R. J. Crook, F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “An investigation of p- and s-polarized long-range optical modes supported by a strongly absorbing normal uniaxial thin organic film,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 243–253 (1993).
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Y. Wang, H. J. Simon, “Electrooptic reflection with surface plasmons,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, S925–S933 (1993).
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M. Malmqvist, “Biospecific interaction analysis using biosensor technology,” Nature 361, 186–187 (1993).
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Y. Wang, H. J. Simon, “Coherent backscattering of optical second-harmonic generation in silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 13695–13699 (1993).
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J.-T. Lue, C. Dai, “Nonlinear optical generation from multiple layers of metal–dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 13653–13658 (1993).
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1992 (6)

H. J. Simon, Y. Wang, L.-B. Zhou, Z. Chen, “Coherent backscattering of optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1268–1270 (1992).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “Experimental observation of thermo-optic nonlinearity with a long-range surface wave supported by a very thin palladium film,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 485–498 (1992).
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G. P. Bryan-Brown, S. J. Elston, J. R. Sambles, “Coupled surface excitations on palladium-coated gratings,” Thin Solid Films 207, 252–257 (1992).
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M. Takabayashi, H. Shiba, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Studies on surface polaritons in ultrathin films sandwiched by identical dielectrics,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 61, 2550–2556 (1992).
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S. J. Al-Bader, M. Imtaar, “Azimuthally uniform surface-plasma modes in thin metallic cylindrical shells,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 525–533 (1992).
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S. J. Al-Bader, M. Imtaar, “TM-polarized surface plasma modes on metal-coated dielectric cylinders,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 865–872 (1992).
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1991 (11)

M. Zervas, “Surface plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin metal films,” Opt. Lett. 16, 720–722 (1991).
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F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, “Long-range surface mode supported by very thin silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030–2032 (1991).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range surface modes supported by thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855–5872 (1991).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, “Prism coupling to long-range coupled-surface modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 707–717 (1991).
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G. P. Bryan-Brown, F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, “Prism and grating coupling to long-range coupled-surface exciton-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 765–769 (1991).
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B. Prade, J. Y. Vinet, A. Mysyrowicz, “Guided optical waves in planar heterostructures with negative dielectric constant,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 13556–13572 (1991).
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G. P. Bryan-Brown, S. J. Elston, J. R. Sambles, “Coupled surface plasmons on silver coated gratings,” Opt. Commun. 82, 1–5 (1991).
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J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradbery, F. Yang, “Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction,” Contemp. Phys. 32, 173–183 (1991).
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K. Welford, “Surface plasmon-polaritons and their uses,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 23, 1–27 (1991).
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M. S. Tomaš, Z. Lenac, “Enhanced Raman scattering in four-layered ATR configurations,” Surf. Sci. 251/252, 310–313 (1991).
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W. Lukosz, “Principles and sensitivities of integrated optical and surface plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing and immunosensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 6, 215–225 (1991).
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1990 (8)

K. Matsubara, S. Kawata, S. Minami, “Multilayer system for a high-precision surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett. 15, 75–77 (1990).
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W. Johnstone, G. Stewart, T. Hart, B. Culshaw, “Surface plasmon polaritons in thin metal films and their role in fibre optic polarizing devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 538–544 (1990).
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M. N. Zervas, I. P. Giles, “Performance of surface plasma-wave fiber-optic polarizers,” Opt. Lett. 15, 513–515 (1990).
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M. N. Zervas, “Surface plasmon-polariton fibre-optic polarizers using thin-nickel films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 253–256 (1990).
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M. N. Zervas, “Surface plasmon-polariton fier-optic polarizers using thin chromium films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 597–599 (1990).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range coupled surface exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 559–562 (1990).
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M. Yano, M. Fukui, M. Haragichi, Y. Shintani, “In situ and real-time observation of optical constants of metal films during growth,” Surf. Sci. 227, 129–137 (1990).
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F. A. Burton, S. A. Cassidy, “A complete description of the dispersion relation for thin metal film plasmon-polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1843–1849 (1990).
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1989 (9)

G. Li, S. R. Seshadri, “Excitation of long-range surface polaritons in silver films by a finite-width light beam,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 555–557 (1989).
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E. F. Kou, T. Tamir, “Excitation of surface plasmons by finite width beams,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1169–1177 (1989).
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H. J. Simon, Z. Chen, “Optical second-harmonic generation with grating-coupled surface plasmons from a quartz-silver-quartz grating structure,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 3077–3085 (1989).
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C.-C. Tzeng, J. T. Lue, “Optical second-harmonic generation from silver films with long-range surface-plasmon excitation,” Surf. Sci. 216, 579–586 (1989).
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C.-C. Tzeng, J. T. Lue, “Nonlinear optical generation from noble metals and aluminum films in various geometric configurations,” Phys. Rev. A. 39, 191–196 (1989).
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E. M. Schmidlin, H. J. Simon, “Observation of long range surface plasmon decay length by optical second harmonic generation,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3323–3326 (1989).
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A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, “Transverse-electric and transverse-magnetic waves in nonlinear isotropic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 2481–2492 (1989).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Enhanced molecular fluorescence mediated by long-range surface plasmons,” Surf. Sci. 215, 299–318 (1989).
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P. T. Leung, Y. S. Kim, T. F. George, “Decay of molecules at corrugated thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 9888–9893 (1989).
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1988 (10)

R. W. Gruhlke, D. G. Hall, “Transmission of molecular fluorescence through a thin metal film by surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1041–1042 (1988).
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J. S. Schildkraut, “Long-range surface plasmon electrooptic modulator,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4587–4590 (1988).
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Z. Chen, H. J. Simon, “Optical second-harmonic generation with coupled surface plasmons from a multilayer silver-quartz grating,” Opt. Lett. 13, 1008–1010 (1988).
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J. R. Sambles, R. A. Innes, “A comment on nonlinear optics using surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Mod. Opt. 35, 791–797 (1988).
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A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, “Theory of nonlinear interaction between TE and TM waves,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 523–528 (1988).
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D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, M. Bertolotti, C. Sibila, “Exact solution for transverse electric polarized nonlinear guided waves in saturable media,” J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1017–1027 (1988).
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E. F. Kou, T. Tamir, “Incidence angles for optimized ATR excitation of surface plasmons,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4098–4103 (1988).
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Z. Chen, H. J. Simon, “Attenuated total reflectance from a layered silver grating with coupled surface waves,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1396–1400 (1988).
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M. Fukui, K. Oda, “Studies on metal film growth through instantaneously observed attenuated total reflection spectra,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 33/34, 882–889 (1988).
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T. C. Paulick, “Nonradiating electromagnetic oscillations of a thin metal film with rough surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 64, 1384–1397 (1988).
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1987 (9)

F. Y. Kou, T. Tamir, “Range extension of surface plasmons by dielectric layers,” Opt. Lett. 12, 367–369 (1987).
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S. Dutta Gupta, G. V. Varada, G. S. Agarwal, “Surface plasmons in two-sided corrugated thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 6331–6335 (1987).
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M. G. Cavalcante, G. A. Farias, A. A. Maradudin, “Light scattering by thin films with a grating surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1372–1378 (1987).
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L. Wendler, R. Haupt, “An improved virtual mode theory of ATR experiments on surface polaritons: application to long-range surface plasmon-polaritons in asymmetric layer structures,” Phys. Status Solidi B 143, 131–147 (1987).
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R. K. Hickernell, D. Sarid, “Long-range surface magnetoplasmons in thin nickel films,” Opt. Lett. 12, 570–572 (1987).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Absorption of surface polaritons by molecules near the surface of a metallic slab,” Solid State Commun. 61, 261–265 (1987).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Absorption of surface polaritons by molecules near the surface of a metallic slab,” (erratum), Solid State Commun. 62, i (1987).

M. S. Tomaš, Z. Lenac, “Scattering of surface polaritons by molecules near a metallic slab surface,” Surf. Sci. 189/190, 543–547 (1987).
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R. W. Gruhlke, W. R. Holland, D. G. Hall, “Optical emission from coupled surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 12, 364–366 (1987).
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1986 (10)

R. K. Hickernell, D. Sarid, “Optical bistability using prism-coupled, long-range surface plasmons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1059–1069 (1986).
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G. S. Agarwal, S. Dutta Gupta, “Exact results on optical bistability with surface plasmons in layered media,” Phys. Rev. B 34, 5239–5243 (1986).
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D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, F. Lederer, “Nonlinear TE-polarized surface plasmon polaritons guided by metal films,” Opt. Commun. 59, 391–394 (1986).
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R. A. Booman, G. A. Olson, D. Sarid, “Determination of loss coefficients of long-range surface plasmons,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2729–2733 (1986).
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M. Fukui, S. Tago, K. Oda, “Characteristics of long-range surface plasmon polaritons excited by fundamental Gaussian beam,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55, 973–980 (1986).
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W. L. Barnes, J. R. Sambles, “Antisymmetric coupled surface-plamon-polaritons in an LB/metal/LB structure,” Opt. Commun. 60, 117–122 (1986).
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J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, T. Tamir, “Surface-polariton-like waves guided by thin, lossy metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186–5201 (1986).
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L. Wendler, R. Haupt, “Long-range surface plasmon-polaritons in asymmetric layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3289–3291 (1986).
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F. Yang, Z. Cao, L. Ruan, J. Fang, “Long-range surface modes of metal-clad four-layer waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3903–3908 (1986).
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T. Inagaki, J. P. Goudonnet, P. Royer, E. T. Arakawa, “Optical properties of silver island films in the attenuated-total-reflection geometry,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3635–3639 (1986).
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1985 (11)

M. Fukui, S. Tago, H. Dohi, O. Tada, “Optical second harmonic generation by long-range surface plasmon polaritons excited by a finite 1-D beam,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1220–1223 (1985).
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J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, A. A. Maradudin, R. F. Wallis, “Nonlinear surface polaritons guided by metal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 2460–2466 (1985).
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H. Dohi, S. Tago, M. Fukui, O. Tada, “Spatial dependence of reflected light intensity in ATR geometry: long-range surface plasmon polariton case,” Solid State Commun. 55, 1023–1026 (1985).
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R. Dragila, B. Luthers-Davies, S. Vukovic, “High transparency of classically opaque metallic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 1117–1120 (1985).
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Y. Lévy, Y. Zhang, J. C. Loulergue, “Optical field enhancement comparison between long-range surface plasma waves, and waves induced by resonant cavity,” Opt. Commun. 56, 155–160 (1985).
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T. Inagaki, M. Motosuga, E. T. Arakawa, J. P. Goudonnet, “Coupled surface plasmons excited by photons in a free-standing thin silver film,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 2548–2550 (1985).
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G. S. Agarwal, “Electromagnetic scattering, local field enhancements, and long-range surface plasmons in layered structures with roughness,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 3534–3539 (1985).
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T. Inagaki, M. Motosuga, E. T. Arakawa, J. P. Goudonnet, “Coupled surface plasmons in periodically corrugated thin silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 32, 6238–6245 (1985).
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M. S. Tomaš, Z. Lenac, “Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 55, 267–270 (1985).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Attenuation of long-range surface polaritons in a thin metallic slab with a dielectric coating,” Surf. Sci. 154, 639–657 (1985).
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1982 (7)

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