Abstract

Long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LRSPPs) are optical surface waves that propagate along a thin symmetric metal slab or stripe over an appreciable length (centimeters). Vigorous interest in LRSPPs has stimulated a large number of studies over three decades spanning a broad topical landscape. Naturally, a good segment of the literature covers fundamentals such as modal characteristics, excitation, and field enhancement. But a large portion also involves the LRSPP in diverse phenomena, including nonlinear interactions, molecular scattering, fluorescence, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, transmission through opaque metal films and emission extraction, amplification and lasing, surface characterization, metal roughness and islandization, optical interconnects and integrated structures, gratings, thermo-, electro- and magneto-optics, and (bio)chemical sensing. Despite the breadth and depth of the research conducted to date, much remains to be uncovered, and the scope for future investigations is broad. We review the properties of the LRSPP, survey the literature involving this wave, and discuss the prospects for applications. Avenues for further work are suggested.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (26)

T. J. Davis, “Surface plasmon modes in multi-layer thin-films,” Opt. Commun. 282, 135–140 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Yun, G. Hu, Y. Cui, “Bound modes analysis of symmetric dielectric loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 3610–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Dostálek, W. Knoll, “Long range surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy for the detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24, 2264–2267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, R. F. Roskamp, W. Knoll, “Coupled long range surface plasmons for the investigation of thin films and interfaces,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 9–12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Vala, S. Etheridge, J. A. Roach, J. Homola, “Long-range surface plasmons for sensitive detection of bacterial analytes,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 59–63 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Adato, J. Guo, “Modification of dispersion, localization, and attenuation of thin metal stripe symmetric surface plasmon-polariton modes by thin dielectric layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, R. Buckley, “On the convergence and accuracy of numerical mode computations of surface plasmon waveguides,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 6, 2040–2053 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, S.-Y. Cho, T. Tyler, N. M. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, “Directional coupling between dielectric and long-range plasmon waveguides,” New J. Phys. 11, 015002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Buckley, P. Berini, “Radiation suppressing metallo-dielectric optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2800–2808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, M.-S. Kim, S. K. Park, J. T. Kim, J.-S. Choe, W.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J. J. Ju, “Low bending loss metal waveguide embedded in a free-standing multilayered polymer film,” Opt. Express 17, 228–234 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J.-S. Choe, M.-H. Lee, S.-Y. Shin, “Silver stripe optical waveguide for chip-to-chip optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 902–904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Tencer, P. Berini, “Design of microfluidic channels separated by an ultra-thin free standing dielectric membrane,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6, 17–26 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Daviau, E. Lisicka-Skrzek, R. N. Tait, P. Berini, “Broadside excitation of surface plasmon waveguides on Cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 091114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Fong, P. Berini, R. N. Tait, “Fabrication of surface plasmon waveguides on thin Cytop membranes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 27, 614–619 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ballester, M. S. Tame, C. Lee, J. Lee, M. S. Kim, “Long-range surface-plasmon-polariton excitation at the quantum level,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053845 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Huck, S. Smolka, P. Lodahl, A. S. Sørensen, A. Boltasseva, J. Janousek, U. L. Andersen, “Demonstration of quadrature-squeezed surface plasmons in a gold waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 246802 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. N. Konopsky, D. V. Basmanov, E. V. Alieva, D. I. Dolgy, E. D. Olshansky, S. K. Sekatskii, G. Dietler, “Registration of long-range surface plasmon resonance by angle-scanning feedback and its implementation for optical hydrogen sensing,” New J. Phys. 11, 063049 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, J. J. Ju, J. T. Kim, M.-S. Kim, S. K. Park, J.-M. Lee, W.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, “Sub-dB/cm propagation loss in silver stripe waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 697–702 (2009).
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R. Buckley, P. Berini, “Long-range substantially nonradiative metallo-dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 34, 223–225 (2009).
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A. V. Korovin, “Improved method for computing of light–matter interaction in multilayer corrugated structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 394–399 (2008).
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P. Berini, “Air gaps in metal stripe waveguides supporting long-range surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 033112 (2007).
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M. Tencer, R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, “Confinement and manipulation of droplets on hydrophilic surfaces using a flat high surface energy guide,” Lab Chip 7, 483–489 (2007).
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P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, “Long-range surface plasmons on ultrathin membranes,” Nano Lett. 7, 1376–1380 (2007).
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M. Tencer, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, P. Berini, “AFM study of BSA adlayers on Au stripes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 9209–9214 (2007).
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P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, S. Jetté-Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, “Long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides and devices in lithium niobate,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113114 (2007).
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S. Jetté-Charbonneau, P. Berini, “External cavity laser using a long-range surface plasmon grating as a distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181114 (2007).
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Y. Satuby, M. Orenstein, “Surface-plasmon-polariton modes in deep metallic trenches—measurement and analysis,” Opt. Express 15, 4247–4252 (2007).
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A. Degiron, D. Smith, “Numerical simulations of long-range plasmons,” Opt. Express 14, 1611–1625 (2006).
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R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Passive integrated optics elements based on long-ranging surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477–494 (2006).
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R. Slavík, J. Homola, “Simultaneous excitation of long and short range surface plasmons in an asymmetric structure,” Opt. Commun. 259, 507–512 (2006).
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R. Slavík, J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmons,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
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A. Boltasseva, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Søndergaard, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, “Compact Z-add-drop wavelength filters for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 13, 4237–4243 (2005).
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S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Boltasseva, T. Søndergaard, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, “Photonic bandgap structures for long-range surface plasmon polaritons” Opt. Commun. 250, 328–333 (2005).
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A. Boltasseva, T. Søndergaard, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, “Propagation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons in photonic crystals” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2027–2037 (2005).
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T. Søndergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Out-of-plane scattering properties of long-range surface plasmon polariton gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi B 242, 3064–3069 (2005).
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S. Jetté-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Bragg gratings based on long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides: comparison of theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1480–1491 (2005).
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J. C. Love, L. A. Estroff, J. K. Kriebel, R. G. Nuzzo, G. M. Whitesides, “Self-assembled monolayers of thiolates on metals as a form of nanotechnology,” Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 105, 1103–1169 (2005).
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T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun. 244, 455–459 (2005).
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S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, “Integrated power monitor for long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Commun. 255, 51–56 (2005).
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R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Demonstration of integrated optics elements based on long-ranging surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 13, 977–984 (2005).
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R. Zia, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric waveguide model for guided surface polaritons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1473–1475 (2005).
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S. Jetté-Charbonneau, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, P. Berini, “Demonstration of Bragg gratings based on long-ranging surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4674–4682 (2005).
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2004 (12)

M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, “Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides,” Opt. Express 12, 4072–4079 (2004).
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T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833–5835 (2004).
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J. R. Krenn, J.-C. Weeber, “Surface plasmon polaritons in metal stripes and wires,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 739–756 (2004).
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S. J. Al-Bader, “Optical transmission on metallic wires—fundamental modes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 325–329 (2004).
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S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon-polariton mediated light emission through thin metal films,” Opt. Express 12, 3673–3685 (2004).
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S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 182–184 (2004).
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P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306, 1002–1005 (2004).
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T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, S. Kawata, “Towards plasmonic band gap laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3968–3970 (2004).
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K. T. Kim, J. W. Moon, J. P. Mah, “Side-polished polarization-maintaining fibre coupler with a thin metal interlay and its application as a polarization splitter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 598–601 (2004).
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I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, “Coupled surface plasmon polaritons on thin metal slabs corrugated on both surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 045421 (2004).
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F.-C. Chien, S.-J. Chen, “A sensitivity comparison of optical biosensors based on four different surface plasmon resonance modes,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20, 633–642 (2004).
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R. Zia, M. D. Selker, P. B. Catrysse, M. L. Brongersma, “Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2442–2446 (2004).
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2003 (3)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
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J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, “Optical near-field distributions of surface plasmon waveguide modes,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 115401 (2003).
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R. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668–670 (2003).
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2001 (5)

P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: bound modes of asymmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125417 (2001).
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B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51–53 (2001).
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J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, J.-P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripes,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 045411 (2001).
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G. G. Nenninger, P. Tobiška, J. Homola, S. S. Yee, “Long-range surface plasmons for high-resolution surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B 74, 145–151 (2001).
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F. Pigeon, I. F. Salakhutdinov, A. V. Tishchenko, “Identity of long-range surface plasmons along asymmetric structures and their potential for refractometric sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 852–859 (2001).
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2000 (5)

1999 (6)

W. L. Barnes, “Electromagnetic crystals for surface plasmon polaritons and the extraction of light from emissive devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2170–2182 (1999).
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P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton modes guided by a metal film of finite width,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1011–1013 (1999).
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J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, J.-P. Goudonnet, “Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061–9068 (1999).
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N. M. Lyndin, I. F. Salakhutdinov, V. A. Sychugov, B. A. Usievich, F. A. Pudonin, O. Parriaux, “Long-range surface plasmons in asymmetric layered metal–dielectric structures,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 37–42 (1999).
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C.-H. Liao, C.-M. Lee, Y.-T. Cheng, J.-S. Shyu, W.-K. Su, “Resonant properties of long-range surface plasmons in an arbitrary multilayer structure,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 38, 5938–5944 (1999).
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J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3–15 (1999).
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1998 (3)

T. Kume, T. Kitigawa, S. Hayashi, K. Yamamoto, “Long-range surface modes supported by SiO2–Ag composite thin films,” Surf. Sci. 395, 23–29 (1998).
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I. F. Salakhutdinov, V. A. Sychugov, A. V. Tishchenko, B. A. Usievich, O. Parriaux, F. A. Pudonin, “Anomalous light reflection at the surface of a corrugated thin metal film,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1054–1060 (1998).
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W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661–669 (1998).
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1997 (6)

P. J. Kajenski, “Tunable optical filter using long-range surface plasmons,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1537–1541 (1997).
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T. Sterkenburgh, H. Franke, “Observation of a long range surface mode with a polymer/silver/polymer multilayer,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1011–1013 (1997).
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M. Takabayashi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Propagation length of long-range surface optic waves in islandized silver films,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 119–125 (1997).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “Determination of the optical permittivity and thickness of absorbing films using long range modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1155–1163 (1997).
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S. Glasberg, A. Sharon, D. Rosenblatt, A. A. Friesem, “Long-range surface plasmon resonances in grating-waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1210–1212 (1997).
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P. Tournois, V. Laude, “Negative group velocities in metal-film optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 137, 41–45 (1997).
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1996 (2)

E. L. Wood, J. R. Sambles, F. A. Pudonin, V. Yakolev, “Degenerate long range surface modes, supported on thin nickel films,” Opt. Commun. 132, 212–216 (1996).
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W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
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1995 (3)

M. Takabayashi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Propagation length of guided waves in lossy Si film sandwiched by identical dielectrics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2406–2411 (1995).
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S. Barcelos, M. N. Zervas, P. St. J. Russell, “Selective excitation of fiber-modes using surface plasmons,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1051–1053 (1995).
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N. P. K. Cotter, T. W. Preist, J. R. Sambles, “Scattering-matrix approach to multilayer diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1097–1103 (1995).
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1994 (3)

R. V. Andaloro, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, “Temporal pulse reshaping with surface waves,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6340–6347 (1994).
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D. Mihalache, D.-M. Baboiu, M. Ciumac, L. Torner, J. P. Torres, “Hybrid surface plasmon polaritons guided by ultrathin metal films,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, 847–863 (1994).
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Z.-C. Wu, E. T. Arakawa, T. Inagaki, T. Thundat, L. J. Schowalter, “Experimental observations of a long-range surface mode in metal island films,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 7782–7785 (1994).
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1993 (8)

M. Takabayashi, H. Shiba, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Surface optic waves in ultrathin films bounded by identical slightly lossy materials,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 62, 2719–2724 (1993).
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R. J. Crook, F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “Long-range optical modes supported by a strongly absorbing thin organic film,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 237–243 (1993).
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R. J. Crook, F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “An investigation of p- and s-polarized long-range optical modes supported by a strongly absorbing normal uniaxial thin organic film,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 243–253 (1993).
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Y. Wang, H. J. Simon, “Coherent backscattering of optical second-harmonic generation in silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 13695–13699 (1993).
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J.-T. Lue, C. Dai, “Nonlinear optical generation from multiple layers of metal–dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 13653–13658 (1993).
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M. Malmqvist, “Biospecific interaction analysis using biosensor technology,” Nature 361, 186–187 (1993).
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Y. Wang, H. J. Simon, “Electrooptic reflection with surface plasmons,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, S925–S933 (1993).
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S. J. Al-Bader, M. Imtaar, “Optical fiber hybrid-surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 83–88 (1993).
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1992 (6)

F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, “Experimental observation of thermo-optic nonlinearity with a long-range surface wave supported by a very thin palladium film,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 485–498 (1992).
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M. Takabayashi, H. Shiba, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, “Studies on surface polaritons in ultrathin films sandwiched by identical dielectrics,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 61, 2550–2556 (1992).
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S. J. Al-Bader, M. Imtaar, “Azimuthally uniform surface-plasma modes in thin metallic cylindrical shells,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 525–533 (1992).
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S. J. Al-Bader, M. Imtaar, “TM-polarized surface plasma modes on metal-coated dielectric cylinders,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 865–872 (1992).
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G. P. Bryan-Brown, S. J. Elston, J. R. Sambles, “Coupled surface excitations on palladium-coated gratings,” Thin Solid Films 207, 252–257 (1992).
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H. J. Simon, Y. Wang, L.-B. Zhou, Z. Chen, “Coherent backscattering of optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1268–1270 (1992).
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1991 (11)

M. Zervas, “Surface plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin metal films,” Opt. Lett. 16, 720–722 (1991).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range surface modes supported by thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855–5872 (1991).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, “Prism coupling to long-range coupled-surface modes,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 707–717 (1991).
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G. P. Bryan-Brown, F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, “Prism and grating coupling to long-range coupled-surface exciton-polaritons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 765–769 (1991).
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B. Prade, J. Y. Vinet, A. Mysyrowicz, “Guided optical waves in planar heterostructures with negative dielectric constant,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 13556–13572 (1991).
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F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, “Long-range surface mode supported by very thin silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030–2032 (1991).
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G. P. Bryan-Brown, S. J. Elston, J. R. Sambles, “Coupled surface plasmons on silver coated gratings,” Opt. Commun. 82, 1–5 (1991).
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J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradbery, F. Yang, “Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction,” Contemp. Phys. 32, 173–183 (1991).
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K. Welford, “Surface plasmon-polaritons and their uses,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 23, 1–27 (1991).
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W. Lukosz, “Principles and sensitivities of integrated optical and surface plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing and immunosensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 6, 215–225 (1991).
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M. S. Tomaš, Z. Lenac, “Enhanced Raman scattering in four-layered ATR configurations,” Surf. Sci. 251/252, 310–313 (1991).
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1990 (8)

M. N. Zervas, “Surface plasmon-polariton fibre-optic polarizers using thin-nickel films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 253–256 (1990).
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M. N. Zervas, “Surface plasmon-polariton fier-optic polarizers using thin chromium films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 597–599 (1990).
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W. Johnstone, G. Stewart, T. Hart, B. Culshaw, “Surface plasmon polaritons in thin metal films and their role in fibre optic polarizing devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 538–544 (1990).
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M. Yano, M. Fukui, M. Haragichi, Y. Shintani, “In situ and real-time observation of optical constants of metal films during growth,” Surf. Sci. 227, 129–137 (1990).
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F. A. Burton, S. A. Cassidy, “A complete description of the dispersion relation for thin metal film plasmon-polaritons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1843–1849 (1990).
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F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range coupled surface exciton polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 559–562 (1990).
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K. Matsubara, S. Kawata, S. Minami, “Multilayer system for a high-precision surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett. 15, 75–77 (1990).
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M. N. Zervas, I. P. Giles, “Performance of surface plasma-wave fiber-optic polarizers,” Opt. Lett. 15, 513–515 (1990).
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1989 (9)

E. F. Kou, T. Tamir, “Excitation of surface plasmons by finite width beams,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1169–1177 (1989).
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E. M. Schmidlin, H. J. Simon, “Observation of long range surface plasmon decay length by optical second harmonic generation,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3323–3326 (1989).
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G. Li, S. R. Seshadri, “Excitation of long-range surface polaritons in silver films by a finite-width light beam,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 555–557 (1989).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Enhanced molecular fluorescence mediated by long-range surface plasmons,” Surf. Sci. 215, 299–318 (1989).
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A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, “Transverse-electric and transverse-magnetic waves in nonlinear isotropic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 2481–2492 (1989).
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H. J. Simon, Z. Chen, “Optical second-harmonic generation with grating-coupled surface plasmons from a quartz-silver-quartz grating structure,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 3077–3085 (1989).
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C.-C. Tzeng, J. T. Lue, “Optical second-harmonic generation from silver films with long-range surface-plasmon excitation,” Surf. Sci. 216, 579–586 (1989).
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C.-C. Tzeng, J. T. Lue, “Nonlinear optical generation from noble metals and aluminum films in various geometric configurations,” Phys. Rev. A. 39, 191–196 (1989).
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P. T. Leung, Y. S. Kim, T. F. George, “Decay of molecules at corrugated thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 9888–9893 (1989).
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1988 (10)

R. W. Gruhlke, D. G. Hall, “Transmission of molecular fluorescence through a thin metal film by surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1041–1042 (1988).
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D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, M. Bertolotti, C. Sibila, “Exact solution for transverse electric polarized nonlinear guided waves in saturable media,” J. Mod. Opt. 35, 1017–1027 (1988).
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A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, “Theory of nonlinear interaction between TE and TM waves,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 523–528 (1988).
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E. F. Kou, T. Tamir, “Incidence angles for optimized ATR excitation of surface plasmons,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4098–4103 (1988).
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Z. Chen, H. J. Simon, “Attenuated total reflectance from a layered silver grating with coupled surface waves,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1396–1400 (1988).
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J. R. Sambles, R. A. Innes, “A comment on nonlinear optics using surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Mod. Opt. 35, 791–797 (1988).
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M. Fukui, K. Oda, “Studies on metal film growth through instantaneously observed attenuated total reflection spectra,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 33/34, 882–889 (1988).
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T. C. Paulick, “Nonradiating electromagnetic oscillations of a thin metal film with rough surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 64, 1384–1397 (1988).
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Z. Chen, H. J. Simon, “Optical second-harmonic generation with coupled surface plasmons from a multilayer silver-quartz grating,” Opt. Lett. 13, 1008–1010 (1988).
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J. S. Schildkraut, “Long-range surface plasmon electrooptic modulator,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4587–4590 (1988).
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1987 (9)

R. W. Gruhlke, W. R. Holland, D. G. Hall, “Optical emission from coupled surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 12, 364–366 (1987).
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F. Y. Kou, T. Tamir, “Range extension of surface plasmons by dielectric layers,” Opt. Lett. 12, 367–369 (1987).
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R. K. Hickernell, D. Sarid, “Long-range surface magnetoplasmons in thin nickel films,” Opt. Lett. 12, 570–572 (1987).
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L. Wendler, R. Haupt, “An improved virtual mode theory of ATR experiments on surface polaritons: application to long-range surface plasmon-polaritons in asymmetric layer structures,” Phys. Status Solidi B 143, 131–147 (1987).
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S. Dutta Gupta, G. V. Varada, G. S. Agarwal, “Surface plasmons in two-sided corrugated thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 6331–6335 (1987).
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M. G. Cavalcante, G. A. Farias, A. A. Maradudin, “Light scattering by thin films with a grating surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1372–1378 (1987).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Absorption of surface polaritons by molecules near the surface of a metallic slab,” Solid State Commun. 61, 261–265 (1987).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Absorption of surface polaritons by molecules near the surface of a metallic slab,” (erratum), Solid State Commun. 62, i (1987).

M. S. Tomaš, Z. Lenac, “Scattering of surface polaritons by molecules near a metallic slab surface,” Surf. Sci. 189/190, 543–547 (1987).
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1986 (10)

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, T. Tamir, “Surface-polariton-like waves guided by thin, lossy metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186–5201 (1986).
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L. Wendler, R. Haupt, “Long-range surface plasmon-polaritons in asymmetric layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3289–3291 (1986).
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M. Fukui, S. Tago, K. Oda, “Characteristics of long-range surface plasmon polaritons excited by fundamental Gaussian beam,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55, 973–980 (1986).
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W. L. Barnes, J. R. Sambles, “Antisymmetric coupled surface-plamon-polaritons in an LB/metal/LB structure,” Opt. Commun. 60, 117–122 (1986).
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T. Inagaki, J. P. Goudonnet, P. Royer, E. T. Arakawa, “Optical properties of silver island films in the attenuated-total-reflection geometry,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3635–3639 (1986).
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R. K. Hickernell, D. Sarid, “Optical bistability using prism-coupled, long-range surface plasmons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1059–1069 (1986).
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G. S. Agarwal, S. Dutta Gupta, “Exact results on optical bistability with surface plasmons in layered media,” Phys. Rev. B 34, 5239–5243 (1986).
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D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, F. Lederer, “Nonlinear TE-polarized surface plasmon polaritons guided by metal films,” Opt. Commun. 59, 391–394 (1986).
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R. A. Booman, G. A. Olson, D. Sarid, “Determination of loss coefficients of long-range surface plasmons,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2729–2733 (1986).
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F. Yang, Z. Cao, L. Ruan, J. Fang, “Long-range surface modes of metal-clad four-layer waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3903–3908 (1986).
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1985 (11)

A. E. Craig, G. A. Olson, D. Sarid, “Novel system for coupling to surface-plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Opt. 24, 61–64 (1985).
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M. Fukui, S. Tago, H. Dohi, O. Tada, “Optical second harmonic generation by long-range surface plasmon polaritons excited by a finite 1-D beam,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1220–1223 (1985).
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J. Ariyasu, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, A. A. Maradudin, R. F. Wallis, “Nonlinear surface polaritons guided by metal films,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 2460–2466 (1985).
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H. Dohi, S. Tago, M. Fukui, O. Tada, “Spatial dependence of reflected light intensity in ATR geometry: long-range surface plasmon polariton case,” Solid State Commun. 55, 1023–1026 (1985).
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R. Dragila, B. Luthers-Davies, S. Vukovic, “High transparency of classically opaque metallic films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 1117–1120 (1985).
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Y. Lévy, Y. Zhang, J. C. Loulergue, “Optical field enhancement comparison between long-range surface plasma waves, and waves induced by resonant cavity,” Opt. Commun. 56, 155–160 (1985).
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M. S. Tomaš, Z. Lenac, “Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 55, 267–270 (1985).
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Z. Lenac, M. S. Tomaš, “Attenuation of long-range surface polaritons in a thin metallic slab with a dielectric coating,” Surf. Sci. 154, 639–657 (1985).
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T. Inagaki, M. Motosuga, E. T. Arakawa, J. P. Goudonnet, “Coupled surface plasmons excited by photons in a free-standing thin silver film,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 2548–2550 (1985).
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G. S. Agarwal, “Electromagnetic scattering, local field enhancements, and long-range surface plasmons in layered structures with roughness,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 3534–3539 (1985).
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