OSA Publishing

50 Most Cited Articles (As of January 6, 2012)

Launched in 1962, Applied Optics (AO) has published some of the most important applied research in the field. As one of the oldest applied journals in the industry, AO has paved the way for both OSA journals and non-OSA journals alike.

Below are the 50 most cited Applied Optics articles of all time, according to Thomson Reuters. They will be free to access throughout 2012.

1. Numerically stable algorithm for discrete-ordinate-method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting layered media

Knut Stamnes, S-Chee Tsay, Warren Wiscombe, and Kolf Jayaweera

Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 12, pp. 2502-2509 (1988)
TOTAL CITES: 1444

2. Laser Beams and Resonators

H. Kogelnik and T. Li

Applied Optics, Vol. 5, Issue 10, pp. 1550-1567 (1966)
TOTAL CITES: 1408

3. Optical Constants of Water in the 200-nm to 200-µm Wavelength Region

George M. Hale and Marvin R. Querry

Applied Optics, Vol. 12, Issue 3, pp. 555-563 (1973)
TOTAL CITES: 1401

4. Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison

J. R. Fienup

Applied Optics, Vol. 21, Issue 15, pp. 2758-2769 (1982)
TOTAL CITES: 1280

5. Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the non-invasive measurement of tissue optical properties

Michael S. Patterson, B. Chance, and B. C. Wilson

Applied Optics, Vol. 28, Issue 12, pp. 2331-2336 (1989)
TOTAL CITES: 1126

6. Photothermal deflection spectroscopy and detection

W. B. Jackson, N. M. Amer, A. C. Boccara, and D. Fournier

Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 8, pp. 1333-1344 (1981)
TOTAL CITES: 913

7. Optical constants of ice from the ultraviolet to the microwave

Stephen G. Warren

Applied Optics, Vol. 23, Issue 8, pp. 1206-1225 (1984)
TOTAL CITES: 901

8. Weakly Guiding Fibers

D. Gloge

Applied Optics, Vol. 10, Issue 10, pp. 2252-2258 (1971)
TOTAL CITES: 843

9. The HITRAN database: 1986 edition

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, H. M. Pickett, R. L. Poynter, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Barbe, N. Husson, C. P. Rinsland, and M. A. H. Smith

Applied Optics, Vol. 26, Issue 19, pp. 4058-4097 (1987)
TOTAL CITES: 767

10. Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200-800 nm)

Raymond C. Smith and Karen S. Baker

Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 177-184 (1981)
TOTAL CITES: 766

11. Light Waves in Thin Films and Integrated Optics

P. K. Tien

Applied Optics, Vol. 10, Issue 11, pp. 2395-2413 (1971)
TOTAL CITES: 765

12. ART 2: self-organization of stable category recognition codes for analog input patterns

Gail A. Carpenter and Stephen Grossberg

Applied Optics, Vol. 26, Issue 23, pp. 4919-4930 (1987)
TOTAL CITES: 747

13. Digital Wavefront Measuring Interferometer for Testing Optical Surfaces and Lenses

J. H. Bruning, D. R. Herriott, J. E. Gallagher, D. P. Rosenfeld, A. D. White, and D. J. Brangaccio

Applied Optics, Vol. 13, Issue 11, pp. 2693-2703 (1974)
TOTAL CITES: 728

14. Measurement of Thin Film Parameters with a Prism Coupler

R. Ulrich and R. Torge

Applied Optics, Vol. 12, Issue 12, pp. 2901-2908 (1973)
TOTAL CITES: 727

15. Optical properties of the metals Al, Co, Cu, Au, Fe, Pb, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ag, Ti, and W in the infrared and far infrared

M. A. Ordal, L. L. Long, R. J. Bell, S. E. Bell, R. R. Bell, R. W. Alexander, Jr., and C. A. Ward

Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 7, pp. 1099-1119 (1983)
TOTAL CITES: 718

16. Fourier transform profilometry for the automatic measurement of 3-D object shape

Mitsuo Takeda and Kazuhiro Mutoh

Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 24, pp. 3977-3982 (1983)
TOTAL CITES: 672

17. Theory of Transparency of the Eye

G. B. Benedek

Applied Optics, Vol. 10, Issue 3, pp. 459-473 (1971)
TOTAL CITES: 665

18. A Technique For Optically Convolving 2 Functions

C. S. Weaver and J. W. Goodman

Applied Optics, Vol. 5, Issue 7, pp. 1248-1249 (1966)
TOTAL CITES: 647

19. Absorption spectrum (380-700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements

Robin M. Pope and Edward S. Fry

Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 33, pp. 8710-8723 (1997)
TOTAL CITES: 631

20. Phase-only matched filtering

Joseph L. Horner and Peter D. Gianino

Applied Optics, Vol. 23, Issue 6, pp. 812-816 (1984)
TOTAL CITES: 606

21. Light propagation in graded-index optical fibers

M. D. Feit and J. A. Fleck, Jr.

Applied Optics, Vol. 17, Issue 24, pp. 3990-3998 (1978)
TOTAL CITES: 599

22. Polarization holography. 1: A new high-efficiency organic material with reversible photoinduced birefringence

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, and N. Tomova

Applied Optics, Vol. 23, Issue 23, pp. 4309-4312 (1984)
TOTAL CITES: 592

23. Improved Mie scattering algorithms

W. J. Wiscombe

Applied Optics, Vol. 19, Issue 9, pp. 1505-1509 (1980)
TOTAL CITES: 584

24. Light scattering in Intralipid-10% in the wavelength range of 400-1100 nm

Hugo J. van Staveren, Christian J. M. Moes, Jan van Marie, Scott A. Prahl, and Martin J. C. van Gemert

Applied Optics, Vol. 30, Issue 31, pp. 4507-4514 (1991)
TOTAL CITES: 573

25. Spectral Properties of Plants

David M. Gates, Harry J. Keegan, John C. Schleter, and Victor R. Weidner

Applied Optics, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 11-20 (1965)
TOTAL CITES: 570

26. Stable analytical inversion solution for processing lidar returns

James D. Klett

Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 211-220 (1981)
TOTAL CITES: 558

27. High Precision Scanning Ellipsometer

D. E. Aspnes and A. A. Studna

Applied Optics, Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 220-228 (1975)
TOTAL CITES: 551

28. Model for laser Doppler measurements of blood flow in tissue

R. Bonner and R. Nossal

Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 12, pp. 2097-2107 (1981)
TOTAL CITES: 528

29. Repetitively Pulsed Tunable Dye Laser for High Resolution Spectroscopy

T. W. Hänsch

Applied Optics, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 895-898 (1972)
TOTAL CITES: 526

30. Optical waveguide refractive index profiles determined from measurement of mode indices: a simple analysis

J. M. White and P. F. Heidrich

Applied Optics, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 151-155 (1976)
TOTAL CITES: 512

31. Retrieval of water-leaving radiance and aerosol optical thickness over the oceans with SeaWiFS: a preliminary algorithm

Howard R. Gordon and Menghua Wang

Applied Optics, Vol. 33, Issue 3, pp. 443-452 (1994)
TOTAL CITES: 507

32. Phytoplankton pigment concentrations in the Middle Atlantic Bight: comparison of ship determinations and CZCS estimates

Howard R. Gordon, Dennis K. Clark, James W. Brown, Otis B. Brown, Robert H. Evans, and William W. Broenkow

Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 20-36 (1983)
TOTAL CITES: 501

33. A New Theory of Wood's Anomalies on Optical Gratings

A. Hessel and A. A. Oliner

Applied Optics, Vol. 4, Issue 10, pp. 1275-1297 (1965)
TOTAL CITES: 498

34. Optical Power Handling Capacity of Low Loss Optical Fibers as Determined by Stimulated Raman and Brillouin Scattering

R. G. Smith

Applied Optics, Vol. 11, Issue 11, pp. 2489-2494 (1972)
TOTAL CITES: 496

35. Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments

Frederick G. Fernald

Applied Optics, Vol. 23, Issue 5, pp. 652-653 (1984)
TOTAL CITES: 485

36. Direct recording of holograms by a CCD target and numerical reconstruction

U. Schnars and W. Jüptner

Applied Optics, Vol. 33, Issue 2, pp. 179-181 (1994)
TOTAL CITES: 483

37. The Spectra of the Doubly and Triply Ionized Rare Earths

G. H. Dieke and H. M. Crosswhite

Applied Optics, Vol. 2, Issue 7, pp. 675-686 (1963)
TOTAL CITES: 476

38. Binary Fraunhofer Holograms, Generated by Computer

A. W. Lohmann and D. P. Paris

Applied Optics, Vol. 6, Issue 10, pp. 1739-1748 (1967)
TOTAL CITES: 467

39. Digital phase-shifting interferometry: a simple error-compensating phase calculation algorithm

P. Hariharan, B. F. Oreb, and T. Eiju

Applied Optics, Vol. 26, Issue 13, pp. 2504-2506 (1987)
TOTAL CITES: 448

40. Spectrally narrow pulsed dye laser without beam expander

Michael G. Littman and Harold J. Metcalf

Applied Optics, Vol. 17, Issue 14, pp. 2224-2227 (1978)
TOTAL CITES: 435

41. Light Scattering by a Spheroidal Particle

Shoji Asano and Giichi Yamamoto

Applied Optics, Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 29-49 (1975)
TOTAL CITES: 417

42. Digital wave-front measuring interferometry: some systematic error sources

J. Schwider, R. Burow, K.-E. Elssner, J. Grzanna, R. Spolaczyk, and K. Merkel

Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 21, pp. 3421-3432 (1983)
TOTAL CITES: 407

43. Off-Axis Paths in Spherical Mirror Interferometers

D. Herriott, H. Kogelnik, and R. Kompfner

Applied Optics, Vol. 3, Issue 4, pp. 523-526 (1964)
TOTAL CITES: 399

44. Computed Relationships Between the Inherent and Apparent Optical Properties of a Flat Homogeneous Ocean

Howard R. Gordon, Otis B. Brown, and Michael M. Jacobs

Applied Optics, Vol. 14, Issue 2, pp. 417-427 (1975)
TOTAL CITES: 397

45. Speckle masking in astronomy: triple correlation theory and applications

Adolf W. Lohmann, Gerd Weigelt, and Bernhard Wirnitzer

Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 24, pp. 4028-4037 (1983)
TOTAL CITES: 396

46. On the Propagation of Gaussian Beams of Light Through Lenslike Media Including those with a Loss or Gain Variation

Herwig Kogelnik

Applied Optics, Vol. 4, Issue 12, pp. 1562-1569 (1965)
TOTAL CITES: 392

47. Polarization optics of twisted single-mode fibers

R. Ulrich and A. Simon

Applied Optics, Vol. 18, Issue 13, pp. 2241-2251 (1979)
TOTAL CITES: 385

48. Adaptive bidirectional associative memories

Bart Kosko

Applied Optics, Vol. 26, Issue 23, pp. 4947-4960 (1987)
TOTAL CITES: 373

49. Phase-shifting speckle interferometry

Katherine Creath

Applied Optics, Vol. 24, Issue 18, pp. 3053-3058 (1985)
TOTAL CITES: 370

50. Avalanche photodiodes and quenching circuits for single-photon detection

S. Cova, M. Ghioni, A. Lacaita, C. Samori, and F. Zappa

Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 12, pp. 1956-1976 (1996)
TOTAL CITES: 365

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