OSA Publishing

1 July 1996, Volume 35, Issue 19, pp. 3297-3770   59 articles

Optical technology in medicine and biology: Introduction

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3313-3313 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Spatially selective photocoagulation of biological tissues: feasibility study utilizing cryogen spray cooling

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3314-3320 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Optical properties of conjunctiva, sclera, and the ciliary body and their consequences for transscleral cyclophotocoagulation

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3321-3327 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Combination of fiber-guided pulsed erbium and holmium laser radiation for tissue ablation under water

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3328-3337 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Optical profilometry of poly(methylmethacrylate) surfaces after reshaping with a scanning photorefractive keratectomy (SPRK) system

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3338-3346 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Drug delivery with microsecond laser pulses into gelatin

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3347-3357 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Measurement by laser Doppler interferometry of intraocular distances in humans and chicks with a precision of better than ±20 μm

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3358-3361 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Experimental validation of Monte Carlo and finite-element methods for the estimation of the optical path length in inhomogeneous tissue

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3362-3371 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Hyperbolic damped-wave models for transient light-pulse propagation in scattering media

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3372-3378 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Depth determination of chromophores in human skin by pulsed photothermal radiometry

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3379-3385 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Corneal-tissue absorption coefficients for 193- and 213-nm ultraviolet radiation

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3386-3391 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Dynamic 193-nm optical properties of water

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3392-3403 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Determination of the scattering coefficient and the anisotropy factor from laser Doppler spectra of liquids including blood

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3404-3412 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Dynamics of tissue optics during laser heating of turbid media

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3413-3420 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Fiber-optic evanescent-wave spectroscopy for fast multicomponent analysis of human blood

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3421-3425 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Capillary waveguide optrodes: an approach to optical sensing in medical diagnostics

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3426-3431 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Time-gated viewing studies on tissuelike phantoms

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3432-3440 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Sources of contrast in confocal reflectance imaging

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3441-3446 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Enhanced frequency-domain optical image reconstruction in tissues through total-variation minimization

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3447-3458 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Precision crystal corner cube arrays for optical gratings formed by (100) silicon planes with selective epitaxial growth

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3466-3470 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Determination of the conversion gain and the accuracy of its measurement for detector elements and arrays

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3471-3477 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Light-reflecting concentrators for photomultipliers with curved photocathodes

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3478-3487 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Modal approximation for the electromagnetic field of a near-field optical probe

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3488-3495 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Graded-index profiles by inversion with Lloyd's mirage

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3496-3499 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Fiber-optic extrinsic Fabry–Perot vibration-isolated interferometer for use in absolute gravity meters

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3500-3505 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Robust phase-unwrapping method for phase images with high noise content

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3506-3513 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Camera influence on the phase-measurement accuracy of a phase-shifting speckle interferometer

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3514-3524 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Self-pumped phase-conjugate interferometer with a photorefractive iron-doped lithium-niobate crystal

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3534-3539 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Improved solution for the cemented doublet

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3548-3558 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Inclined toroidal surface that fits an off-axis conic section

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3559-3561 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Optical, thermo-optic, electro-optic, and photoelastic properties of bismuth germanate (Bi4Ge3O12)

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3562-3569 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Polarization of specular reflection and near-specular scattering by a rough surface

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3570-3582 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Emission polarization of roughened glass and aluminum surfaces

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3583-3590 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Polarization characterization of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3591-3596 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Effects of non-Lambertian surfaces on integrating sphere measurements

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3597-3606 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Development of improved electrical-substitution radiometers at the National Research Council of Canada

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3607-3613 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Numerical and experimental study of disordered multilayers for broadband x-ray reflection

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3614-3619 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Effects of bombardment on optical properties during the deposition of silicon nitride by reactive ion-beam sputtering

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3620-3626 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Prefocusing optics for soft-x-ray synchrotron-radiation monochromators

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3627-3634 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Integrated diffractive and refractive elements for spectrum shaping

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3635-3639 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Adaptive optics and ground-to-space laser communications

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3640-3646 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Phase measurement and compensation of a wave front using a twisted nematic liquid-crystal television

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3647-3652 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Holographic gratings for the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer: development, imaging, and efficiency tests of two prototypes

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3653-3661 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Binary gratings for CO2 laser-beam diagnostics

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3662-3670 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Optical diffusion imaging: a comparative numerical and experimental study

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3671-3679 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Electroless silver as an optical coating in an operational environment

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3680-3686 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Speckle noise in laser bar-code-scanner systems

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3687-3694 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Image properties of polycrystalline storage films

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3702-3714 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Refractive index of NH4Cl–H2O as a function of wavelength: the effect of temperature and concentration

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3715-3718 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Secondary-phase-modulation method for open-loop fiber-optic gyroscopes

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3719-3725 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Light scattering by ellipsoids in a physical optics approximation

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3726-3735 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Fluorescent diffuse photon density waves in homogeneous and heterogeneous turbid media: analytic solutions and applications

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3746-3758 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Effect of diffraction on early-arriving photons during femtosecond laser transillumination of highly scattering media of biological significance

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3759-3762 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

Dynamic light scattering from small particles: expected accuracy in hemoglobin data reduction

Appl. Opt. 35(19), 3763-3770 (1996)  View: HTML | PDF

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