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  1. W. L. Wolfe, Ed., Handbook of Military Infrared Technology (Office of Naval Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965), Chap. 2, “Radiation Theory,” by W. L. Wolfe, F. E. Nicodemus; Chap. 4, “Targets,” by C. E. Dunning, F. E. Nicodemus.
  2. F. E. Nicodemus, Appl. Opt., 4, 767 (1965); Appl. Opt., 5, 715 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 445 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U.S.A. Standard Nomenclature and Definitions for Illuminating Engineering, RP-16 (USAS Z7.1–1967, Rev. of Z7.1–1942). Approved August 16, 1967, by U.S.A. Standards Institute. Sponsored, published by, and available from the Illuminating Engineering Society, 345 E. 47th St., New York, N.Y. 10017.
  5. F. E. Nicodemus, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 59, 243 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. C. Jones, Appl. Opt. 1, 607 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Drude, The Theory of Optics, translated from the German by C. R. Mann, R. A. Millikan (1902) (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1959). Preface to German edition is dated January 1900.
  8. G. J. Kneissl, J. C. Richmond, “A Laser-Source Integrating Sphere Reflectometer,” U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. 20234, NBS Tech. Note 439 (February1968).

1969

F. E. Nicodemus, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 59, 243 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 445 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1965

1962

Drude, P.

P. Drude, The Theory of Optics, translated from the German by C. R. Mann, R. A. Millikan (1902) (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1959). Preface to German edition is dated January 1900.

Jones, R. C.

Judd, D. B.

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 445 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kneissl, G. J.

G. J. Kneissl, J. C. Richmond, “A Laser-Source Integrating Sphere Reflectometer,” U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. 20234, NBS Tech. Note 439 (February1968).

Nicodemus, F. E.

F. E. Nicodemus, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 59, 243 (1969).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Nicodemus, Appl. Opt., 4, 767 (1965); Appl. Opt., 5, 715 (1966).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Wolfe, Ed., Handbook of Military Infrared Technology (Office of Naval Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965), Chap. 2, “Radiation Theory,” by W. L. Wolfe, F. E. Nicodemus; Chap. 4, “Targets,” by C. E. Dunning, F. E. Nicodemus.

Richmond, J. C.

G. J. Kneissl, J. C. Richmond, “A Laser-Source Integrating Sphere Reflectometer,” U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. 20234, NBS Tech. Note 439 (February1968).

Wolfe, W. L.

W. L. Wolfe, Ed., Handbook of Military Infrared Technology (Office of Naval Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965), Chap. 2, “Radiation Theory,” by W. L. Wolfe, F. E. Nicodemus; Chap. 4, “Targets,” by C. E. Dunning, F. E. Nicodemus.

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer.

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 445 (1967).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Nicodemus, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 59, 243 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. L. Wolfe, Ed., Handbook of Military Infrared Technology (Office of Naval Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965), Chap. 2, “Radiation Theory,” by W. L. Wolfe, F. E. Nicodemus; Chap. 4, “Targets,” by C. E. Dunning, F. E. Nicodemus.

P. Drude, The Theory of Optics, translated from the German by C. R. Mann, R. A. Millikan (1902) (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1959). Preface to German edition is dated January 1900.

G. J. Kneissl, J. C. Richmond, “A Laser-Source Integrating Sphere Reflectometer,” U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. 20234, NBS Tech. Note 439 (February1968).

U.S.A. Standard Nomenclature and Definitions for Illuminating Engineering, RP-16 (USAS Z7.1–1967, Rev. of Z7.1–1942). Approved August 16, 1967, by U.S.A. Standards Institute. Sponsored, published by, and available from the Illuminating Engineering Society, 345 E. 47th St., New York, N.Y. 10017.

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Tables (1)

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Table I Comparison Between Recommended Reflectance Nomenclature and that of Ref. 2

Equations (4)

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f r ( θ i , ϕ i ; θ r , ϕ r ) d L r ( θ r , ϕ r ) / L i ( θ i , ϕ i ) d Ω i d L r ( θ r , ϕ r ) / d E i ( θ i , ϕ i ) ( sr ) 1 .
R ( ω i ; ω r ) = ( π / Ω i Ω r ) ω i ω r f r ( θ i , ϕ i ; θ r , ϕ r ) d Ω r d Ω i [ dimensionless ] .
d ρ ( θ i , ϕ i ; θ r , ϕ r ) = f r ( θ i , ϕ i ; θ r , ϕ r ) d Ω r [ dimensionless ] .
( θ , ϕ ) = α ( θ , ϕ ) = 1 ρ ( θ , ϕ ; 2 π ) [ dimensionless ] .

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