Abstract

Two examples of Nimbus high resolution infrared radiometer (HRIR) data processed by a color display enhancement system demonstrate possible meteorological, oceanographic, and geomorphological applications of this technique for geophysical research. A commonly used means of displaying radiation temperatures mapped by the HRIR has been a black and white photofacsimile film strip. However, the human eye can distinguish many more colors than shades of gray, and this characteristic permits an analyst to evaluate quantitatively radiation values mapped in color more readily than in black and white.

© 1970 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Staff Members, “Nimbus I High Resolution Radiation Data Catalog and User’s Manual, Vol. 1, Photofacsimile Film Strips,” Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, January1965.
  2. Nimbus Project, “Nimbus II User’s Guide,” prepared by Allied Research Associates, Inc., Concord, Massachusetts, for the Nimbus Project, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, July1966.
  3. W. Nordberg, A. W. McCulloch, L. L. Foshee, W. R. Bandeen, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 47, 857 (1966).
  4. L. J. Allison, G. W. Nicholas, J. S. Kennedy, J. Appl. Meteorol., 5, 314 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, L. L. Foshee, Observations of Sea Surface Temperatures and Ocean Currents from Nimbus II, Space Research8 (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1968).
  6. G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, E. R. Kreins, L. M. McMillin, “A Satelite View of Typhoon Marie 1966 Development,” NASA Tech. Note D-4757, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., November1968.
  7. G. Warnecke, L. M. McMillin, L. J. Allison, “Ocean Current and Sea Surface Temperature Observations from Meteorological Satellites,” NASA Tech. Note D-5142, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. (In press, 1969).
  8. J. Pouquet, “An Approach to the Remote Detection of Earth Resources in Sub-Arid Lands,” NASA Tech. Note D-4647, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., December1968.
  9. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, “ATS-I SSCC Data Reduction and Analysis,” Contract No. NAS5-11513, Final Rept., Defense and Space Center, Baltimore, Maryland, prepared for NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, May1968.

1966 (2)

W. Nordberg, A. W. McCulloch, L. L. Foshee, W. R. Bandeen, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 47, 857 (1966).

L. J. Allison, G. W. Nicholas, J. S. Kennedy, J. Appl. Meteorol., 5, 314 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Allison, L. J.

L. J. Allison, G. W. Nicholas, J. S. Kennedy, J. Appl. Meteorol., 5, 314 (1966).
[CrossRef]

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, E. R. Kreins, L. M. McMillin, “A Satelite View of Typhoon Marie 1966 Development,” NASA Tech. Note D-4757, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., November1968.

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, L. L. Foshee, Observations of Sea Surface Temperatures and Ocean Currents from Nimbus II, Space Research8 (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1968).

G. Warnecke, L. M. McMillin, L. J. Allison, “Ocean Current and Sea Surface Temperature Observations from Meteorological Satellites,” NASA Tech. Note D-5142, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. (In press, 1969).

Bandeen, W. R.

W. Nordberg, A. W. McCulloch, L. L. Foshee, W. R. Bandeen, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 47, 857 (1966).

Foshee, L. L.

W. Nordberg, A. W. McCulloch, L. L. Foshee, W. R. Bandeen, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 47, 857 (1966).

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, L. L. Foshee, Observations of Sea Surface Temperatures and Ocean Currents from Nimbus II, Space Research8 (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1968).

Kennedy, J. S.

L. J. Allison, G. W. Nicholas, J. S. Kennedy, J. Appl. Meteorol., 5, 314 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Kreins, E. R.

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, E. R. Kreins, L. M. McMillin, “A Satelite View of Typhoon Marie 1966 Development,” NASA Tech. Note D-4757, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., November1968.

McCulloch, A. W.

W. Nordberg, A. W. McCulloch, L. L. Foshee, W. R. Bandeen, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 47, 857 (1966).

McMillin, L. M.

G. Warnecke, L. M. McMillin, L. J. Allison, “Ocean Current and Sea Surface Temperature Observations from Meteorological Satellites,” NASA Tech. Note D-5142, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. (In press, 1969).

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, E. R. Kreins, L. M. McMillin, “A Satelite View of Typhoon Marie 1966 Development,” NASA Tech. Note D-4757, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., November1968.

Nicholas, G. W.

L. J. Allison, G. W. Nicholas, J. S. Kennedy, J. Appl. Meteorol., 5, 314 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Nordberg, W.

W. Nordberg, A. W. McCulloch, L. L. Foshee, W. R. Bandeen, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 47, 857 (1966).

Pouquet, J.

J. Pouquet, “An Approach to the Remote Detection of Earth Resources in Sub-Arid Lands,” NASA Tech. Note D-4647, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., December1968.

Warnecke, G.

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, E. R. Kreins, L. M. McMillin, “A Satelite View of Typhoon Marie 1966 Development,” NASA Tech. Note D-4757, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., November1968.

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, L. L. Foshee, Observations of Sea Surface Temperatures and Ocean Currents from Nimbus II, Space Research8 (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1968).

G. Warnecke, L. M. McMillin, L. J. Allison, “Ocean Current and Sea Surface Temperature Observations from Meteorological Satellites,” NASA Tech. Note D-5142, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. (In press, 1969).

Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

W. Nordberg, A. W. McCulloch, L. L. Foshee, W. R. Bandeen, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 47, 857 (1966).

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

L. J. Allison, G. W. Nicholas, J. S. Kennedy, J. Appl. Meteorol., 5, 314 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, L. L. Foshee, Observations of Sea Surface Temperatures and Ocean Currents from Nimbus II, Space Research8 (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Holland, 1968).

G. Warnecke, L. J. Allison, E. R. Kreins, L. M. McMillin, “A Satelite View of Typhoon Marie 1966 Development,” NASA Tech. Note D-4757, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., November1968.

G. Warnecke, L. M. McMillin, L. J. Allison, “Ocean Current and Sea Surface Temperature Observations from Meteorological Satellites,” NASA Tech. Note D-5142, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. (In press, 1969).

J. Pouquet, “An Approach to the Remote Detection of Earth Resources in Sub-Arid Lands,” NASA Tech. Note D-4647, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., December1968.

Westinghouse Electric Corporation, “ATS-I SSCC Data Reduction and Analysis,” Contract No. NAS5-11513, Final Rept., Defense and Space Center, Baltimore, Maryland, prepared for NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, May1968.

Staff Members, “Nimbus I High Resolution Radiation Data Catalog and User’s Manual, Vol. 1, Photofacsimile Film Strips,” Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, January1965.

Nimbus Project, “Nimbus II User’s Guide,” prepared by Allied Research Associates, Inc., Concord, Massachusetts, for the Nimbus Project, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, July1966.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photofacsimile of Nimbus II HRIR, orbit 1491, 4 September 1966 (after Pouquet8).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Analysis of Nimbus II HRIR nighttime measurements (orbit 519) on 23 June 1966, over southwestern United States, based on a computer grid print map with 0.125 deg longitude per grid interval (after Pouquet8).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Analysis of Nimbus II HRIR nighttime measurements (orbit 238) over the Gulf Stream taken on 2 June 1966. Isotherms are drawn in 10 K intervals; additionally the 295 K isoline is shown (after Warnecke et al.7).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Color enhancement of Nimbus II HRIR nighttime measurements (orbit 1941) on 4 September 1966, over the southwestern United States, processed by the ATS color facsimile system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Color enhancement of Nimbus II HRIR nighttime measurements (orbit 238) taken on 2 June 1966, over the Gulf Stream, processed by the ATS color facsimile system.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Sample Transmission Color Relationship

Tables Icon

Table II Basic Documentation information for Nimbus II HRIR Data of Fig. 4

Tables Icon

Table III Basic Documentation Information for Nimbus II HRIR Data of Fig. 5

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