Abstract

A large aperture, moderate quality segmented optical array for use in noncoherent space-to-ground laser communications is determined as a function of resolution, diameter, focal length, and number of segments in the array. Secondary optics and construction tolerances are also discussed. Performance predictions show a typical receiver to be capable of megahertz communications at Mars distances during daylight operation.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. J. Reinbolt, J. L. Randall, Astronaut. Aeronaut. 5, No. 4, 64 (1967).
  2. E. C. Park, L. S. Stokes, Microwaves, 6, No. 5, 78 (1967).
  3. F. Kalil, “Optical and Microwave Communications—A Comparison,” National Aeronautics and Space Agency Technical Note NASA TN D 3984, June1967.
  4. H. Messell, S. Butler, Eds., Space Physics and Radio Astronomy (Macmillan and Company, Ltd., London, 1964), Chap. 5.
  5. R. Hanbury Brown, Sky and Telescope 28, 64 (1964).
  6. T. Sakuri, K. Shishido, Appl. Opt. 3, 813 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. D. Drake, Proc. IEEE 52, 108 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. D. Merrick, G. S. Levy, R. J. Wallace, Northeast Electron. Res. Eng. Meeting Rec. 8, 220 (1966).
  9. I. E. Lewis, “Antenna for Satellite Communications,” United States Seminar on Communication Satellite Earth Stations Technology, Edited Lectures, p. 201, 16–27 May 1966, Washington, D. C., Communications Satellite Corporation.
  10. R. M. Scott, Appl. Opt. 1, 387 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. J. Schmidt, Appl. Opt. 5, 719 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. F. Lucy, C. J. Peters, E. J. McGann, K. T. Lang, Appl. Opt. 5, 517 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. C. Plummer, Astron. J. 62, 354 (1902).
  14. S. L. Linder, Appl. Opt. 6, 1201 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. Biernson, R. F. Lucy, Proc. IEEE 51, 202 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. K. Anderson, B. J. McMurtry, Appl. Opt. 5, 1573 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. L. Fried, J. B. Seidmann, Appl. Opt. 6, 245 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. R. Meyer-Arendt, C. B. Emmanuel, Nat. Bur. Stand. Tech. Note No. 225, April1966, p. 35.
  19. Ref. 18, p. 31.
  20. L. Elterman, Appl. Opt. 3, 745 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. E. Bell, L. Eisner, J. Young, R. A. Oetjen, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 1313 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. C. Ramsey, Appl. Opt. 1, 465 (1962).
    [CrossRef]

1967 (5)

E. J. Reinbolt, J. L. Randall, Astronaut. Aeronaut. 5, No. 4, 64 (1967).

E. C. Park, L. S. Stokes, Microwaves, 6, No. 5, 78 (1967).

F. Kalil, “Optical and Microwave Communications—A Comparison,” National Aeronautics and Space Agency Technical Note NASA TN D 3984, June1967.

D. L. Fried, J. B. Seidmann, Appl. Opt. 6, 245 (1967).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Linder, Appl. Opt. 6, 1201 (1967).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1966 (5)

R. F. Lucy, C. J. Peters, E. J. McGann, K. T. Lang, Appl. Opt. 5, 517 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Schmidt, Appl. Opt. 5, 719 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. K. Anderson, B. J. McMurtry, Appl. Opt. 5, 1573 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. D. Merrick, G. S. Levy, R. J. Wallace, Northeast Electron. Res. Eng. Meeting Rec. 8, 220 (1966).

J. R. Meyer-Arendt, C. B. Emmanuel, Nat. Bur. Stand. Tech. Note No. 225, April1966, p. 35.

1964 (4)

R. Hanbury Brown, Sky and Telescope 28, 64 (1964).

F. D. Drake, Proc. IEEE 52, 108 (1964).
[CrossRef]

L. Elterman, Appl. Opt. 3, 745 (1964).
[CrossRef]

T. Sakuri, K. Shishido, Appl. Opt. 3, 813 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

G. Biernson, R. F. Lucy, Proc. IEEE 51, 202 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

1960 (1)

E. E. Bell, L. Eisner, J. Young, R. A. Oetjen, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 1313 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1902 (1)

H. C. Plummer, Astron. J. 62, 354 (1902).

Anderson, L. K.

Bell, E. E.

E. E. Bell, L. Eisner, J. Young, R. A. Oetjen, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 1313 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Biernson, G.

G. Biernson, R. F. Lucy, Proc. IEEE 51, 202 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Drake, F. D.

F. D. Drake, Proc. IEEE 52, 108 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Eisner, L.

E. E. Bell, L. Eisner, J. Young, R. A. Oetjen, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 1313 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Elterman, L.

Emmanuel, C. B.

J. R. Meyer-Arendt, C. B. Emmanuel, Nat. Bur. Stand. Tech. Note No. 225, April1966, p. 35.

Fried, D. L.

Hanbury Brown, R.

R. Hanbury Brown, Sky and Telescope 28, 64 (1964).

Kalil, F.

F. Kalil, “Optical and Microwave Communications—A Comparison,” National Aeronautics and Space Agency Technical Note NASA TN D 3984, June1967.

Lang, K. T.

Levy, G. S.

W. D. Merrick, G. S. Levy, R. J. Wallace, Northeast Electron. Res. Eng. Meeting Rec. 8, 220 (1966).

Lewis, I. E.

I. E. Lewis, “Antenna for Satellite Communications,” United States Seminar on Communication Satellite Earth Stations Technology, Edited Lectures, p. 201, 16–27 May 1966, Washington, D. C., Communications Satellite Corporation.

Linder, S. L.

Lucy, R. F.

McGann, E. J.

McMurtry, B. J.

Merrick, W. D.

W. D. Merrick, G. S. Levy, R. J. Wallace, Northeast Electron. Res. Eng. Meeting Rec. 8, 220 (1966).

Meyer-Arendt, J. R.

J. R. Meyer-Arendt, C. B. Emmanuel, Nat. Bur. Stand. Tech. Note No. 225, April1966, p. 35.

Oetjen, R. A.

E. E. Bell, L. Eisner, J. Young, R. A. Oetjen, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 1313 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Park, E. C.

E. C. Park, L. S. Stokes, Microwaves, 6, No. 5, 78 (1967).

Peters, C. J.

Plummer, H. C.

H. C. Plummer, Astron. J. 62, 354 (1902).

Ramsey, R. C.

Randall, J. L.

E. J. Reinbolt, J. L. Randall, Astronaut. Aeronaut. 5, No. 4, 64 (1967).

Reinbolt, E. J.

E. J. Reinbolt, J. L. Randall, Astronaut. Aeronaut. 5, No. 4, 64 (1967).

Sakuri, T.

Schmidt, F. J.

Scott, R. M.

Seidmann, J. B.

Shishido, K.

Stokes, L. S.

E. C. Park, L. S. Stokes, Microwaves, 6, No. 5, 78 (1967).

Wallace, R. J.

W. D. Merrick, G. S. Levy, R. J. Wallace, Northeast Electron. Res. Eng. Meeting Rec. 8, 220 (1966).

Young, J.

E. E. Bell, L. Eisner, J. Young, R. A. Oetjen, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 1313 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (9)

Astron. J. (1)

H. C. Plummer, Astron. J. 62, 354 (1902).

Astronaut. Aeronaut. (1)

E. J. Reinbolt, J. L. Randall, Astronaut. Aeronaut. 5, No. 4, 64 (1967).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

E. E. Bell, L. Eisner, J. Young, R. A. Oetjen, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 1313 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Microwaves (1)

E. C. Park, L. S. Stokes, Microwaves, 6, No. 5, 78 (1967).

Nat. Bur. Stand. Tech. Note No. 225 (1)

J. R. Meyer-Arendt, C. B. Emmanuel, Nat. Bur. Stand. Tech. Note No. 225, April1966, p. 35.

National Aeronautics and Space Agency Technical Note NASA TN D 3984 (1)

F. Kalil, “Optical and Microwave Communications—A Comparison,” National Aeronautics and Space Agency Technical Note NASA TN D 3984, June1967.

Northeast Electron. Res. Eng. Meeting Rec. (1)

W. D. Merrick, G. S. Levy, R. J. Wallace, Northeast Electron. Res. Eng. Meeting Rec. 8, 220 (1966).

Proc. IEEE (2)

F. D. Drake, Proc. IEEE 52, 108 (1964).
[CrossRef]

G. Biernson, R. F. Lucy, Proc. IEEE 51, 202 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Sky and Telescope (1)

R. Hanbury Brown, Sky and Telescope 28, 64 (1964).

Other (3)

I. E. Lewis, “Antenna for Satellite Communications,” United States Seminar on Communication Satellite Earth Stations Technology, Edited Lectures, p. 201, 16–27 May 1966, Washington, D. C., Communications Satellite Corporation.

H. Messell, S. Butler, Eds., Space Physics and Radio Astronomy (Macmillan and Company, Ltd., London, 1964), Chap. 5.

Ref. 18, p. 31.

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