Abstract

Quartz has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions at rates of 1.78 mm/day in the presence of LiNO2 in Ag lined and Ag plated systems, and it is shown that such quartz has optical transmission between 1500 Å and 3 μ equal, and in some cases superior to, natural quartz. The uv cutoff at about 1500 Å has been shown to be associated with Fe whose concentration may be reduced by procedures that reduce the concentration of charge compensating H+ in the lattice (growth in LiNO2) and by procedures which reduce the concentration of Fe in solutions (inert conditions). Transmission near 3 μ is affected by OH which can be reduced by LiNO2.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Kats, Phillips Res. Rep. 17, 133, 201 (1962).
  2. J. C. King, D. L. Wood, D. M. Dodd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 500 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. A. Senior, Ph. D. Thesis, Kings College, Univ. of London (1962).
  4. D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 673 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. C. King, A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1019 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, D. W. Rudd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 53 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Laudise, A. A. Ballman, J. C. King, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1309 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. A. Ballman, Am. Mineral. 46, 439 (1961).
  9. L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, Kristallografiya 4, 633 (1959).
  10. L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, A. A. Shternberg, Growth of Crystals, A. V. Shubnikov, N. N. Sheftal, Eds. (Consultants Bureau, Inc., New York, 1959), Vol. 2, p. 45.
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. A. Ballman, D. W. Rudd, to be published.
  12. E. D. Kolb, U. S. Pat.3,271,114 (6Sept.1966).
  13. R. A. Laudise, R. A. Sullivan, Chem. Eng. Prog. 55, 55 (1939); see also R. A. Laudise, J. W. Nielsen, Solid Stale Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turbull, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1961), Vol. 12 for discussion of equipment, especially Morey closure.
  14. D. W. Rudd, A. A. Ballman, Western Electric Eng. 1, 3 (1965).
  15. E. D. Kolb, A. S. Coriell, R. A. Laudise, A. R. Hutson, Materials Res. Bull. 2, 1099 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, Am. Mineral. 52, 149 (1967).
  17. T. I. Barry, W. J. Moore, Science 144, 3616 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. I. Barry, P. McNamara, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2599 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Lehmann, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 44, 1741 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. Garino-Canina, Rev. Opt. 34, 365 (1955).
  21. N. H. Turner, H. A. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1428 (1965).
    [CrossRef]

1967 (2)

E. D. Kolb, A. S. Coriell, R. A. Laudise, A. R. Hutson, Materials Res. Bull. 2, 1099 (1967).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, Am. Mineral. 52, 149 (1967).

1966 (2)

G. Lehmann, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 44, 1741 (1966).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, D. W. Rudd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 53 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965 (5)

R. A. Laudise, A. A. Ballman, J. C. King, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1309 (1965).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 673 (1965).
[CrossRef]

N. H. Turner, H. A. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1428 (1965).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Rudd, A. A. Ballman, Western Electric Eng. 1, 3 (1965).

T. I. Barry, P. McNamara, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2599 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

T. I. Barry, W. J. Moore, Science 144, 3616 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

J. C. King, A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1019 (1962).
[CrossRef]

A. Kats, Phillips Res. Rep. 17, 133, 201 (1962).

1961 (1)

A. A. Ballman, Am. Mineral. 46, 439 (1961).

1960 (1)

J. C. King, D. L. Wood, D. M. Dodd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 500 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, Kristallografiya 4, 633 (1959).

1955 (1)

V. Garino-Canina, Rev. Opt. 34, 365 (1955).

1939 (1)

R. A. Laudise, R. A. Sullivan, Chem. Eng. Prog. 55, 55 (1939); see also R. A. Laudise, J. W. Nielsen, Solid Stale Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turbull, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1961), Vol. 12 for discussion of equipment, especially Morey closure.

Ballman, A. A.

A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, D. W. Rudd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 53 (1966).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Laudise, A. A. Ballman, J. C. King, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1309 (1965).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Rudd, A. A. Ballman, Western Electric Eng. 1, 3 (1965).

J. C. King, A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1019 (1962).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ballman, Am. Mineral. 46, 439 (1961).

A. A. Ballman, D. W. Rudd, to be published.

Barry, T. I.

T. I. Barry, P. McNamara, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2599 (1965).
[CrossRef]

T. I. Barry, W. J. Moore, Science 144, 3616 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Chentsova, L. G.

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, Kristallografiya 4, 633 (1959).

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, A. A. Shternberg, Growth of Crystals, A. V. Shubnikov, N. N. Sheftal, Eds. (Consultants Bureau, Inc., New York, 1959), Vol. 2, p. 45.
[CrossRef]

Coriell, A. S.

E. D. Kolb, A. S. Coriell, R. A. Laudise, A. R. Hutson, Materials Res. Bull. 2, 1099 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Dodd, D. M.

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, Am. Mineral. 52, 149 (1967).

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 673 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. C. King, D. L. Wood, D. M. Dodd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 500 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, D. B.

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, Am. Mineral. 52, 149 (1967).

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 673 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Garino-Canina, V.

V. Garino-Canina, Rev. Opt. 34, 365 (1955).

Hutson, A. R.

E. D. Kolb, A. S. Coriell, R. A. Laudise, A. R. Hutson, Materials Res. Bull. 2, 1099 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kats, A.

A. Kats, Phillips Res. Rep. 17, 133, 201 (1962).

King, J. C.

R. A. Laudise, A. A. Ballman, J. C. King, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1309 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. C. King, A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1019 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. C. King, D. L. Wood, D. M. Dodd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 500 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Kolb, E. D.

E. D. Kolb, A. S. Coriell, R. A. Laudise, A. R. Hutson, Materials Res. Bull. 2, 1099 (1967).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Kolb, U. S. Pat.3,271,114 (6Sept.1966).

Laudise, R. A.

E. D. Kolb, A. S. Coriell, R. A. Laudise, A. R. Hutson, Materials Res. Bull. 2, 1099 (1967).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, D. W. Rudd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 53 (1966).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Laudise, A. A. Ballman, J. C. King, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1309 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. C. King, A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1019 (1962).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Laudise, R. A. Sullivan, Chem. Eng. Prog. 55, 55 (1939); see also R. A. Laudise, J. W. Nielsen, Solid Stale Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turbull, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1961), Vol. 12 for discussion of equipment, especially Morey closure.

Lee, H. A.

N. H. Turner, H. A. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1428 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, G.

G. Lehmann, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 44, 1741 (1966).
[CrossRef]

McNamara, P.

T. I. Barry, P. McNamara, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2599 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Moore, W. J.

G. Lehmann, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 44, 1741 (1966).
[CrossRef]

T. I. Barry, P. McNamara, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2599 (1965).
[CrossRef]

T. I. Barry, W. J. Moore, Science 144, 3616 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Rudd, D. W.

A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, D. W. Rudd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 53 (1966).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Rudd, A. A. Ballman, Western Electric Eng. 1, 3 (1965).

A. A. Ballman, D. W. Rudd, to be published.

Senior, W. A.

W. A. Senior, Ph. D. Thesis, Kings College, Univ. of London (1962).

Shternberg, A. A.

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, A. A. Shternberg, Growth of Crystals, A. V. Shubnikov, N. N. Sheftal, Eds. (Consultants Bureau, Inc., New York, 1959), Vol. 2, p. 45.
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, R. A.

R. A. Laudise, R. A. Sullivan, Chem. Eng. Prog. 55, 55 (1939); see also R. A. Laudise, J. W. Nielsen, Solid Stale Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turbull, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1961), Vol. 12 for discussion of equipment, especially Morey closure.

Tsinober, L. I.

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, Kristallografiya 4, 633 (1959).

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, A. A. Shternberg, Growth of Crystals, A. V. Shubnikov, N. N. Sheftal, Eds. (Consultants Bureau, Inc., New York, 1959), Vol. 2, p. 45.
[CrossRef]

Turner, N. H.

N. H. Turner, H. A. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1428 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D. L.

J. C. King, D. L. Wood, D. M. Dodd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 500 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Am. Mineral. (2)

A. A. Ballman, Am. Mineral. 46, 439 (1961).

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, Am. Mineral. 52, 149 (1967).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, D. W. Rudd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 53 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Eng. Prog. (1)

R. A. Laudise, R. A. Sullivan, Chem. Eng. Prog. 55, 55 (1939); see also R. A. Laudise, J. W. Nielsen, Solid Stale Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turbull, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1961), Vol. 12 for discussion of equipment, especially Morey closure.

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

T. I. Barry, P. McNamara, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2599 (1965).
[CrossRef]

G. Lehmann, W. J. Moore, J. Chem. Phys. 44, 1741 (1966).
[CrossRef]

N. H. Turner, H. A. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1428 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (3)

R. A. Laudise, A. A. Ballman, J. C. King, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1309 (1965).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dodd, D. B. Fraser, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 673 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. C. King, A. A. Ballman, R. A. Laudise, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 23, 1019 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kristallografiya (1)

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, Kristallografiya 4, 633 (1959).

Materials Res. Bull. (1)

E. D. Kolb, A. S. Coriell, R. A. Laudise, A. R. Hutson, Materials Res. Bull. 2, 1099 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Phillips Res. Rep. (1)

A. Kats, Phillips Res. Rep. 17, 133, 201 (1962).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. C. King, D. L. Wood, D. M. Dodd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 500 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Opt. (1)

V. Garino-Canina, Rev. Opt. 34, 365 (1955).

Science (1)

T. I. Barry, W. J. Moore, Science 144, 3616 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Western Electric Eng. (1)

D. W. Rudd, A. A. Ballman, Western Electric Eng. 1, 3 (1965).

Other (4)

W. A. Senior, Ph. D. Thesis, Kings College, Univ. of London (1962).

L. I. Tsinober, L. G. Chentsova, A. A. Shternberg, Growth of Crystals, A. V. Shubnikov, N. N. Sheftal, Eds. (Consultants Bureau, Inc., New York, 1959), Vol. 2, p. 45.
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ballman, D. W. Rudd, to be published.

E. D. Kolb, U. S. Pat.3,271,114 (6Sept.1966).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section of a silver lined tube for hydrothermal growth of quartz crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ultraviolet spectra of synthetic and natural quartz grown under various conditions. α = (1/t) log10 (I0/I) is the extinction coefficient per cm of sample thickness. Sample descriptions are in Table I.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Infrared absorption spectra of synthetic and natural quartz grown under various conditions. The individual curves were recorded in percent transmission on approximately equal thicknesses, but the ordinates have been displaced for clarity. Sample descriptions are in Table I.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Properties of Synthetic Quartz Crystals

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