Abstract

A brief description of the principles of the scanning Fabry-Perot spectrometer is followed by an introductory survey of the various F-P spectrometers that have been used successfully. The limits of rapid scanning F-P spectroscopy are considered with regard to time resolution, wavelength resolution, and the size of the wavelength interval scanned. These considerations indicate that it is already feasible to scan a wavelength interval up to approximately 30 Å in times down to 0.3 μsec with an over-all finesse of 20, but under these conditions the useful aperture is restricted to only 1-cm diam. Present spectrometers are limited in their time resolution by the breaking strengths of ceramic components. Finally, various applications of the rapid scanning F-P spectrometer are discussed.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Jacquinot, C. Dufour, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 6, 1 (1948).
  2. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, 1964), p. 323.
  3. P. Jacquinot, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 44, 761 (1954).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Jacquinot, Rep. Progr. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Chabbal, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 24, 138 (1953).
  6. R. Chabbal, Rev. Opt. 37, 49 (1958).
  7. F. Bayer-Helms, Z. Angew. Phys. 15, 330 (1963).
  8. R. Mewe, R. F. de Vries, J. Nucl. Energy: Pt. C 6, 591 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  9. V. N. Del Piano, A. F. Quesada, Appl. Opt. 4, 1386 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  10. E. A. Ballick, Appl. Opt. 5, 170 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. A. Day, Harvard College Observatory, Sci. Rep. No. 18 (1967).
  12. H. G. Kuhn, H. J. Lucas-Tooth, J. Sci. Instrum. 35, 413 (1958).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. E. Mack, D. P. McNutt, F. L. Roesler, R. Chabbal, Appl. Opt. 2, 873 (1963).
  14. H. G. Kuhn, J. M. Vaughan, Proc. Roy. Soc. A277, 297 (1963).
  15. W. R. Powell, Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University (unpublished) (1966).
  16. Colloque internationale sur les progres recent en spectroscopie interferentielle, J. Phys. Radium 19, No. 3 (1958).
  17. D. J. Bradley, J. Sci. Instrum. 39, 41 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. V. Ramsay, Appl. Opt. 1, 411 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  19. V. G. Koloshnikov, M. A. Mazing, S. L. Mandelstam, Yu. P. Marasanov, Opt. Spectrosc. 11, 302 (1961).
  20. V. V. Kandyba, Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 1, 431 (1963).
  21. J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, J. Sci. Instrum. 40, 433 (1963).
    [Crossref]
  22. K. D. Mielenz, R. B. Stephens, K. F. Nefflen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 68C, 1 (1964).
  23. J. R. Greig, Ph.D. Thesis, University of London (unpublished) (1965).
  24. N. J. Peacock, E. T. Hill (UKAEA, Culham Laboratory Research Group Memorandum: CLM-M27 (1964) (unpublished).
  25. N. J. Peacock, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Phenomenon of Ionized Gases, Paris, 1963, P. Hubert, Ed. (Faculté des Sciences, Orsay, 1964), Vol. 4, p. 35.
  26. D. E. Roberts, Ph.D. Thesis, University of London (1967) (unpublished).
  27. J. G. Hirschberg, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 514 (1960).
  28. J. G. Hirschberg, P. Platz, Appl. Opt. 4, 1375 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  29. G. G. Shepherd, C. W. Lake, J. R. Miller, L. L. Cogger, Appl. Opt. 4, 267 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  30. G. M. Malyshev, G. T. Razdobarin, L. V. Sokolova, Sov. Phys.–Dokl. 7, 701 (1963).
  31. Ref. 2, p. 346.
  32. J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, in Ref. 25, p. 1.
  33. J. R. Forrest, J. R. Greig, private communication (CERL Laboratory Note No. RD.L.N 143/64).
  34. N. J. Peacock, J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, Proc. Phys. Soc. 83, 803 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  35. D. E. Roberts, J. Phys. B (Proc. Phys. Soc.) 1, 53 (1968); see also Phys. Lett. 22, 417 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  36. R. A. Day, Proc. Sixth International Shock Tube Symposium, Freiburg, Germany (1967) (to be published in Phys. Fluids (Nov.1968).
  37. G. Vlases, F. Y. Sorrell, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, private communication.
  38. B. Bates, D. J. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 481 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  39. D. J. Bradley, B. Bates, C. O. L. Juulman, T. Kohno, Proceedings of Colloque Centre National Recherche Scientifique sur les Methodes Nouvelles de Spectroscopie Instrumentale, Orsay, 1966 (Supplement to J. Phys).

1968 (1)

D. E. Roberts, J. Phys. B (Proc. Phys. Soc.) 1, 53 (1968); see also Phys. Lett. 22, 417 (1966).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

B. Bates, D. J. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 481 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

1965 (3)

1964 (3)

K. D. Mielenz, R. B. Stephens, K. F. Nefflen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 68C, 1 (1964).

N. J. Peacock, J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, Proc. Phys. Soc. 83, 803 (1964).
[Crossref]

R. Mewe, R. F. de Vries, J. Nucl. Energy: Pt. C 6, 591 (1964).
[Crossref]

1963 (6)

F. Bayer-Helms, Z. Angew. Phys. 15, 330 (1963).

J. E. Mack, D. P. McNutt, F. L. Roesler, R. Chabbal, Appl. Opt. 2, 873 (1963).

H. G. Kuhn, J. M. Vaughan, Proc. Roy. Soc. A277, 297 (1963).

V. V. Kandyba, Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 1, 431 (1963).

J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, J. Sci. Instrum. 40, 433 (1963).
[Crossref]

G. M. Malyshev, G. T. Razdobarin, L. V. Sokolova, Sov. Phys.–Dokl. 7, 701 (1963).

1962 (2)

D. J. Bradley, J. Sci. Instrum. 39, 41 (1962).
[Crossref]

J. V. Ramsay, Appl. Opt. 1, 411 (1962).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

V. G. Koloshnikov, M. A. Mazing, S. L. Mandelstam, Yu. P. Marasanov, Opt. Spectrosc. 11, 302 (1961).

1960 (2)

P. Jacquinot, Rep. Progr. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
[Crossref]

J. G. Hirschberg, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 514 (1960).

1958 (3)

R. Chabbal, Rev. Opt. 37, 49 (1958).

Colloque internationale sur les progres recent en spectroscopie interferentielle, J. Phys. Radium 19, No. 3 (1958).

H. G. Kuhn, H. J. Lucas-Tooth, J. Sci. Instrum. 35, 413 (1958).
[Crossref]

1954 (1)

P. Jacquinot, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 44, 761 (1954).
[Crossref]

1953 (1)

R. Chabbal, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 24, 138 (1953).

1948 (1)

P. Jacquinot, C. Dufour, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 6, 1 (1948).

Ballick, E. A.

Bates, B.

B. Bates, D. J. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 481 (1967).
[Crossref]

D. J. Bradley, B. Bates, C. O. L. Juulman, T. Kohno, Proceedings of Colloque Centre National Recherche Scientifique sur les Methodes Nouvelles de Spectroscopie Instrumentale, Orsay, 1966 (Supplement to J. Phys).

Bayer-Helms, F.

F. Bayer-Helms, Z. Angew. Phys. 15, 330 (1963).

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, 1964), p. 323.

Bradley, D. J.

B. Bates, D. J. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 481 (1967).
[Crossref]

D. J. Bradley, J. Sci. Instrum. 39, 41 (1962).
[Crossref]

D. J. Bradley, B. Bates, C. O. L. Juulman, T. Kohno, Proceedings of Colloque Centre National Recherche Scientifique sur les Methodes Nouvelles de Spectroscopie Instrumentale, Orsay, 1966 (Supplement to J. Phys).

Chabbal, R.

J. E. Mack, D. P. McNutt, F. L. Roesler, R. Chabbal, Appl. Opt. 2, 873 (1963).

R. Chabbal, Rev. Opt. 37, 49 (1958).

R. Chabbal, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 24, 138 (1953).

Cogger, L. L.

Cooper, J.

N. J. Peacock, J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, Proc. Phys. Soc. 83, 803 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, J. Sci. Instrum. 40, 433 (1963).
[Crossref]

J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, in Ref. 25, p. 1.

Day, R. A.

R. A. Day, Proc. Sixth International Shock Tube Symposium, Freiburg, Germany (1967) (to be published in Phys. Fluids (Nov.1968).

R. A. Day, Harvard College Observatory, Sci. Rep. No. 18 (1967).

de Vries, R. F.

R. Mewe, R. F. de Vries, J. Nucl. Energy: Pt. C 6, 591 (1964).
[Crossref]

Del Piano, V. N.

Dufour, C.

P. Jacquinot, C. Dufour, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 6, 1 (1948).

Forrest, J. R.

J. R. Forrest, J. R. Greig, private communication (CERL Laboratory Note No. RD.L.N 143/64).

Greig, J. R.

N. J. Peacock, J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, Proc. Phys. Soc. 83, 803 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, J. Sci. Instrum. 40, 433 (1963).
[Crossref]

J. R. Greig, Ph.D. Thesis, University of London (unpublished) (1965).

J. R. Forrest, J. R. Greig, private communication (CERL Laboratory Note No. RD.L.N 143/64).

J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, in Ref. 25, p. 1.

Hill, E. T.

N. J. Peacock, E. T. Hill (UKAEA, Culham Laboratory Research Group Memorandum: CLM-M27 (1964) (unpublished).

Hirschberg, J. G.

J. G. Hirschberg, P. Platz, Appl. Opt. 4, 1375 (1965).
[Crossref]

J. G. Hirschberg, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 514 (1960).

Jacquinot, P.

P. Jacquinot, Rep. Progr. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
[Crossref]

P. Jacquinot, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 44, 761 (1954).
[Crossref]

P. Jacquinot, C. Dufour, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 6, 1 (1948).

Juulman, C. O. L.

D. J. Bradley, B. Bates, C. O. L. Juulman, T. Kohno, Proceedings of Colloque Centre National Recherche Scientifique sur les Methodes Nouvelles de Spectroscopie Instrumentale, Orsay, 1966 (Supplement to J. Phys).

Kandyba, V. V.

V. V. Kandyba, Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 1, 431 (1963).

Kohno, T.

D. J. Bradley, B. Bates, C. O. L. Juulman, T. Kohno, Proceedings of Colloque Centre National Recherche Scientifique sur les Methodes Nouvelles de Spectroscopie Instrumentale, Orsay, 1966 (Supplement to J. Phys).

Koloshnikov, V. G.

V. G. Koloshnikov, M. A. Mazing, S. L. Mandelstam, Yu. P. Marasanov, Opt. Spectrosc. 11, 302 (1961).

Kuhn, H. G.

H. G. Kuhn, J. M. Vaughan, Proc. Roy. Soc. A277, 297 (1963).

H. G. Kuhn, H. J. Lucas-Tooth, J. Sci. Instrum. 35, 413 (1958).
[Crossref]

Lake, C. W.

Lucas-Tooth, H. J.

H. G. Kuhn, H. J. Lucas-Tooth, J. Sci. Instrum. 35, 413 (1958).
[Crossref]

Mack, J. E.

Malyshev, G. M.

G. M. Malyshev, G. T. Razdobarin, L. V. Sokolova, Sov. Phys.–Dokl. 7, 701 (1963).

Mandelstam, S. L.

V. G. Koloshnikov, M. A. Mazing, S. L. Mandelstam, Yu. P. Marasanov, Opt. Spectrosc. 11, 302 (1961).

Marasanov, Yu. P.

V. G. Koloshnikov, M. A. Mazing, S. L. Mandelstam, Yu. P. Marasanov, Opt. Spectrosc. 11, 302 (1961).

Mazing, M. A.

V. G. Koloshnikov, M. A. Mazing, S. L. Mandelstam, Yu. P. Marasanov, Opt. Spectrosc. 11, 302 (1961).

McNutt, D. P.

Mewe, R.

R. Mewe, R. F. de Vries, J. Nucl. Energy: Pt. C 6, 591 (1964).
[Crossref]

Mielenz, K. D.

K. D. Mielenz, R. B. Stephens, K. F. Nefflen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 68C, 1 (1964).

Miller, J. R.

Nefflen, K. F.

K. D. Mielenz, R. B. Stephens, K. F. Nefflen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 68C, 1 (1964).

Peacock, N. J.

N. J. Peacock, J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, Proc. Phys. Soc. 83, 803 (1964).
[Crossref]

N. J. Peacock, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Phenomenon of Ionized Gases, Paris, 1963, P. Hubert, Ed. (Faculté des Sciences, Orsay, 1964), Vol. 4, p. 35.

N. J. Peacock, E. T. Hill (UKAEA, Culham Laboratory Research Group Memorandum: CLM-M27 (1964) (unpublished).

Platz, P.

Powell, W. R.

W. R. Powell, Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University (unpublished) (1966).

Quesada, A. F.

Ramsay, J. V.

Razdobarin, G. T.

G. M. Malyshev, G. T. Razdobarin, L. V. Sokolova, Sov. Phys.–Dokl. 7, 701 (1963).

Roberts, D. E.

D. E. Roberts, J. Phys. B (Proc. Phys. Soc.) 1, 53 (1968); see also Phys. Lett. 22, 417 (1966).
[Crossref]

D. E. Roberts, Ph.D. Thesis, University of London (1967) (unpublished).

Roesler, F. L.

Shepherd, G. G.

Sokolova, L. V.

G. M. Malyshev, G. T. Razdobarin, L. V. Sokolova, Sov. Phys.–Dokl. 7, 701 (1963).

Sorrell, F. Y.

G. Vlases, F. Y. Sorrell, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, private communication.

Stephens, R. B.

K. D. Mielenz, R. B. Stephens, K. F. Nefflen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 68C, 1 (1964).

Vaughan, J. M.

H. G. Kuhn, J. M. Vaughan, Proc. Roy. Soc. A277, 297 (1963).

Vlases, G.

G. Vlases, F. Y. Sorrell, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, private communication.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, 1964), p. 323.

Appl. Opt. (6)

J. Nucl. Energy: Pt. C (1)

R. Mewe, R. F. de Vries, J. Nucl. Energy: Pt. C 6, 591 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (3)

P. Jacquinot, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 44, 761 (1954).
[Crossref]

J. G. Hirschberg, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 50, 514 (1960).

B. Bates, D. J. Bradley, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 57, 481 (1967).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (Proc. Phys. Soc.) (1)

D. E. Roberts, J. Phys. B (Proc. Phys. Soc.) 1, 53 (1968); see also Phys. Lett. 22, 417 (1966).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Radium (1)

Colloque internationale sur les progres recent en spectroscopie interferentielle, J. Phys. Radium 19, No. 3 (1958).

J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) (2)

P. Jacquinot, C. Dufour, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 6, 1 (1948).

R. Chabbal, J. Rech. Centre Nat. Rech. Sci. Lab. Bellevue (Paris) 24, 138 (1953).

J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. (1)

K. D. Mielenz, R. B. Stephens, K. F. Nefflen, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 68C, 1 (1964).

J. Sci. Instrum. (3)

J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, J. Sci. Instrum. 40, 433 (1963).
[Crossref]

D. J. Bradley, J. Sci. Instrum. 39, 41 (1962).
[Crossref]

H. G. Kuhn, H. J. Lucas-Tooth, J. Sci. Instrum. 35, 413 (1958).
[Crossref]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

V. G. Koloshnikov, M. A. Mazing, S. L. Mandelstam, Yu. P. Marasanov, Opt. Spectrosc. 11, 302 (1961).

Proc. Phys. Soc. (1)

N. J. Peacock, J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, Proc. Phys. Soc. 83, 803 (1964).
[Crossref]

Proc. Roy. Soc. (1)

H. G. Kuhn, J. M. Vaughan, Proc. Roy. Soc. A277, 297 (1963).

Rep. Progr. Phys. (1)

P. Jacquinot, Rep. Progr. Phys. 23, 267 (1960).
[Crossref]

Rev. Opt. (1)

R. Chabbal, Rev. Opt. 37, 49 (1958).

Sov. Phys.–Dokl. (1)

G. M. Malyshev, G. T. Razdobarin, L. V. Sokolova, Sov. Phys.–Dokl. 7, 701 (1963).

Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. (1)

V. V. Kandyba, Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 1, 431 (1963).

Z. Angew. Phys. (1)

F. Bayer-Helms, Z. Angew. Phys. 15, 330 (1963).

Other (13)

R. A. Day, Harvard College Observatory, Sci. Rep. No. 18 (1967).

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, 1964), p. 323.

W. R. Powell, Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University (unpublished) (1966).

Ref. 2, p. 346.

J. Cooper, J. R. Greig, in Ref. 25, p. 1.

J. R. Forrest, J. R. Greig, private communication (CERL Laboratory Note No. RD.L.N 143/64).

J. R. Greig, Ph.D. Thesis, University of London (unpublished) (1965).

N. J. Peacock, E. T. Hill (UKAEA, Culham Laboratory Research Group Memorandum: CLM-M27 (1964) (unpublished).

N. J. Peacock, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Phenomenon of Ionized Gases, Paris, 1963, P. Hubert, Ed. (Faculté des Sciences, Orsay, 1964), Vol. 4, p. 35.

D. E. Roberts, Ph.D. Thesis, University of London (1967) (unpublished).

D. J. Bradley, B. Bates, C. O. L. Juulman, T. Kohno, Proceedings of Colloque Centre National Recherche Scientifique sur les Methodes Nouvelles de Spectroscopie Instrumentale, Orsay, 1966 (Supplement to J. Phys).

R. A. Day, Proc. Sixth International Shock Tube Symposium, Freiburg, Germany (1967) (to be published in Phys. Fluids (Nov.1968).

G. Vlases, F. Y. Sorrell, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, private communication.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the rapid scanning F-P spectrometer. (After Cooper and Greig.21)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The rapid scanning F-P spectrometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Successive profiles of the sodium D lines. Line separation, 6 Å; free spectral range, 19 Å. (After Cooper and Greig.32)

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n λ = 2 μ d cos θ ,
Ω = 2 π θ 1 θ 2 sin θ d θ ,
N R = Δ λ 1 / Δ λ R = π ( R ) 1 2 / ( 1 - R ) ;
δ y ( r ) a Δ τ ( α 1 - α ) / ( r / a ) 2 ,

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