Abstract

A review of the literature reveals the need for reliable and stable artificial light sources that can be used as simulators of daylight and skylight. In quest of such simulators a first requirement is quantitative information on the average spectral distributions of natural sources such as daylight and skylight. Recent investigations of the spectral energy characteristics of natural daylight and skylight made it possible to determine such average conditions. With these conditions established, a search was undertaken for an artificial light source that would simulate these average natural distributions with a minimum of filtering. Certain fluorescent lamps and combinations of them were considered first, but, although it was possible to achieve fairly good visual matches of daylight and skylight, the spectral characteristics and the variability of such combinations are drawbacks to their use in critical scientific work. For this purpose, therefore, xenon arc lamps were found to be superior.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

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