Abstract

In a digital hologram, the maximum viewing angle of a computer-generated hologram (CGH) is limited by pixel pitch due to the diffraction grating equation. Since reducing pixel size of display panel is challenging and costly, we propose a method to expand the viewing angle of a digital hologram by attaching an aligned pixelated random phase mask (PRPM) onto the CGH pattern based on analysis of simulation results. By introducing a phase-averaging process to the widely used iterative Fourier transform algorithm, an optimized CGH pattern can be obtained in conjunction with a PRPM. Based on scalar diffraction theory, viewing angle enhancement characteristics were verified by comparing the perspective views of a two-plane hologram using a virtual eye model. In addition, we performed full electromagnetic simulations that included effects due to potential fabrication errors such as misalignment, thickness variation, and internal reflections and diffractions between the CGH and random mask patterns. From the simulation results, by attaching a 1.85 µm-sized pixel pitch PRPM to a 3.7 µm CGH, the viewing angle can be easily expanded almost identical to that of a CGH with 1.85 µm-pixel pitch.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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References

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Supplementary Material (3)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Case 1 included a CGH backplane pattern of = 3.7 µm, with 2048 × 2048 pixels
» Visualization 2       Case 2 implemented our proposed scheme, consisting of = 3.7 µm, with a 2048 × 2048 CGH pattern
» Visualization 3       Case 3 consisted of a higher-resolution backplane CGH pattern of = 1.85 µm, with 4096 × 4096 pixels, and no PRPM layer.

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Equations (9)

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