Abstract

The realization of output of the controllable transverse mode in a laser resonator has always been the key problem in applications of lasers. At present, the theory of optical resonators for passive resonators is relatively mature, but the non-uniformity of gain media greatly affects the output of the laser transverse mode for astigmatic resonators in operation; especially for gas lasers, controllable high-order modes have not been studied. To realize the theory of an astigmatic passive resonator of a gas laser as a good approximation of an active resonator, this paper develops the theory of selecting the laser eigenmode through an astigmatic resonator, and verifies that the two-dimensional tilt of the cavity mirror can break the axial symmetry. Controllable output of the laser mode is realized in real time and conveniently for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. This scheme is not only common to all kinds of lasers, but also has important research significance for the high-order modes required for real-time and rapid regulation of gas lasers under operating conditions.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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