Abstract

The development of an optical clock with ultimate accuracy and stability requires lasers with very narrow linewidths. We present two ultrastable laser systems based on 48-cm-long Fabry–Perot cavities made of ultralow expansion glass in horizontal and vertical configurations operating at 698 nm. Fractional frequency instability of the beat signal between the two lasers reaches ${1.6} \times {{10}^{- 15}}$ at the averaging time of 1 s. We experimentally characterized the contribution of the different noise sources (power fluctuations, residual amplitude modulation, the Doppler noise, and sensitivity to the shock impact) and found that in our case the laser frequency instability to a large extent is determined by an optoelectronic feedback loop. Although the vertical configuration was easier to manufacture and transport, it is much more sensitive to acoustics and horizontal accelerations compared to the horizontal one. Both laser systems were transported over a 60 km distance from the Lebedev Physical Institute to the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute for Physical-Engineering and Radiotechnical Metrology (VNIIFTRI), where they serve as local oscillators for spectroscopy of the clock transition in the recently developed strontium optical clock.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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