Abstract

In terms of the shortcomings of defect detection based on the electroluminescence of conventional silicon solar panels, which can only be performed under darkroom conditions, a defect detection system that can work under the Sun with any irradiance in all weather is designed. The system electrifies solar panels through a modulated current source, uses high frame rate InGaAs area array detectors for image data acquisition, and transmits images via CameraLink. Using these image data as data sources, a defect display algorithm model is designed. Through experiments, it can effectively collect the defect information of solar panels within the range of 0.2 to ${1300}\;{{\rm W/m}^2}$ of sunlight irradiance. Based on this, according to the relationship of the modulated phase difference between the defective points and the nondefective points found in the experiment, an enhancing algorithm for image saliency is proposed. The results show that this algorithm can reduce background interference in an effective way and improve the contrast of defects displayed under high irradiance.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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