Abstract

In this paper, we develop a detailed theoretical model for the optical reflectivity of a bio-tissue film confined between two flat interfaces based on the anomalous-diffraction approximation. We consider bio-tissue films consisting of a few layers of spheroidal cells surrounded by extracellular medium. We explore numerically the predictions of our model and compare them with simple effective medium theories, sometimes used as a first attempt to understand the optical properties of biological media. Then, we fit the model to experimental reflectivity-versus-angle-of-incidence curves of confined whole-blood films measured in an internal reflection configuration. Measurements were performed by confining a drop of fresh blood between a prism and a coverslip. Our experimental results show that it is possible to measure the coherent reflectance with small enough error to infer microstructural parameters with a good precision. The errors in measuring the coherent reflectance depend on the reflectivity magnitude. For instance, for a reflectivity of about 0.3 the error is below 2%, and the refractive indices of cells and surrounding medium can be obtained with a precision better than 1%. These results also indicate that the present model can readily be used to figure out the physical changes experienced at the microscale in bio-tissue films during a physicochemical process.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
Supplement 1       In this document are shown three auxiliar deductions useful to follow the principal model developed in the manuscript

Data Availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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