Abstract

Phase-shifting profilometry (PSP) is a three-dimensional (3D) measurement method of point-to-point calculation. The consistency of object position is the prerequisite to ensure the successful application of PSP in moving objects. The position information of an object can be well characterized by the modulation patterns, and hence a high-quality modulation pattern is the guarantee of pixel-matching accuracy. In this paper, a generic modulation pattern enhancement method for rigid moving objects based on the Hilbert transform is proposed. First, the Hilbert transform is employed to suppress the zero-frequency components of the fringe pattern, and a hybrid digital filter window is applied to filter out the positive fundamental frequency components for a higher signal-to-noise ratio. Then the grid-based motion statistics for fast, ultra-robust feature correspondence algorithm is used to match the high-quality modulation patterns between two adjacent frames, and the object positions in the three deformed patterns are made consistent by image clipping. Finally, the three-step PSP is used to reconstruct the 3D shape of the measured object. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can substantially improve the quality of the modulation pattern, achieve high-precision pixel matching, and ultimately reduce the motion-introduced phase error.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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