Abstract

We introduce the model of a multi-Gaussian correlated Hankel–Bessel (MGCHB) beam generated by a multi-Gaussian Shell-model source and investigate the properties of the beam in anisotropic oceanic turbulence. Under Rytov approximation, the detection probability of the MGCHB beam and the channel capacity with MGCHB beams are derived; both the influence of oceanic turbulence and initial beam parameters on them are discussed by numerical simulations. The results show that the increase of the dissipation rate of kinetic energy per unit mass of fluid, the anisotropic coefficient, and the inner scale factor, as well as the decrease of the dissipation rate of mean-squared temperature and the temperature–salinity contribution ratio, can significantly improve the detection probability and the channel capacity. The results also indicate that the MGCHB beam is a better candidate than an Airy vortex beam for mitigating the influence of oceanic turbulence. Furthermore, smaller topological charge and larger orbital angular momentum modes number are beneficial to improve the detection probability and channel capacity, respectively. Moreover, the performance of the MGCHB beam with longer wavelength, smaller beam index, and larger transverse coherence width is conducive to enhancing the transmission quality through oceanic turbulence.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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