Abstract

Different demodulation methods affect the efficiency and accuracy of spatial frequency domain imaging (SFDI). A simple and effective method of sum-to-product identities (STPI) demodulation was proposed in this study. STPI requires one fewer image than conventional three-phase demodulation (TPD) at a spatial frequency. Numerical simulation and phantom experiments were performed. The result proved the feasibility of STPI and showed that STPI combined with subtraction can achieve high-precision demodulation in the low spatial frequency domain. Through extraction of phantom optical properties, STPI had similar accuracy compared with other demodulation methods in extracting optical properties in phantoms. STPI was also used to extract the optical properties of milk, and it had highly consistent results with TPD, which can distinguish milk with different fat content. The demodulation effect of this method in the low spatial frequencies is better than other fast demodulation methods.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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