Abstract

A thin grating–insulator–metal (GIM) structure consisting of a top metal grating layer on a dielectric layer and a bottom metal layer is proposed, which shows a broadband high absorption at a small thickness. This phenomenon is attributed to the appropriate effective surface permittivity of the top grating layer and the cavity resonance of the middle insulator layer. By optimizing the structural and material parameters, the materials of the GIM structure from top to bottom are Mn, ${{\rm Al}_2}{{\rm O}_3}$, and Mn with thicknesses of 10, 70, and 70 nm, respectively. The structure with these optimum parameters is fabricated and characterized, and an improved performance with absorption exceeding 90% in the visible region is obtained using Mn as the metal layers. The experimental results are in good agreement with the numerical values, depicting an ultrabroad absorption bandwidth. The conclusions presented here could have potential applications in optical devices used for optical displacement detection and visible light absorption.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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