Abstract

One shortcoming of digital in-line holography (DIH) is the low axial position accuracy due to the elongated particle traces in the reconstruction field. Here, we propose a method that improves the axial localization of DIH when applying it to track the motion of weak phase particles in dense suspensions. The proposed method detects particle positions based on local intensities in the reconstruction field consisting of scattering and incident waves. We perform both numerical and experimental tests and demonstrate that the proposed method has a higher axial position accuracy than the previous method based on the local intensities in the reconstructed scattered field. We show that the proposed method has an axial position error below 1.5 particle diameters for holograms with a particle concentration of $4700\;{\rm particles}/{{\rm mm}^3}$. The proposed method is further validated by tracking the Brownian motion of $1\;\unicode{x00B5}{\rm m}\, {\rm particles}$ in dense suspensions.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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