Abstract

Fourier transform-based diffraction calculations are essential for computational optics. However, the diffraction calculations can be corrupted by the introduction of strong ringing artifacts due to the introduction of zero-padding to avoid circular convolution or to control the sampling intervals. We propose a simple de-ringing method using average subtractions for application to on-axis and off-axis diffraction calculations. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, we compared the diffracted fields obtained using zero-padding, a flat-top window method, a mirror expansion method, and the whole and border average subtractions proposed. Furthermore, we confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method for hologram calculations using double phase encoding and image reconstructions of inline digital holography.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data Availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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