Abstract

A tunable broadband terahertz (THz) absorber based on vanadium dioxide (${{\rm VO}_2}$) and graphene is proposed. The absorber, consisting of the ${{\rm VO}_2}$ square loop, polymethacrylimide (PMI) dielectric layer, and a layer of unpatterned graphene, can achieve absorption over 90% from 1.04 THz to 5.51 THz and relative bandwidth of up to 136.5% under normal incidence. Its absorption bandwidth and absorption peak can be adjusted by changing the conductivity of ${{\rm VO}_2}$ or the chemical potential of graphene. The physical mechanism of the absorber is analyzed in detail by the use of the impedance matching theory and the electric field distributions of the ${{\rm VO}_2}$ layer and graphene layer. The proposed absorber, with polarization insensitivity and incidence angle of 30° for both TE and TM polarizations, may have potential applications in tunable sensors, modulators, and imaging.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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