Abstract

Optical diagnostics of gas-phase pressure are relatively unusual. In this work, we demonstrate a novel, rapid, and robust method to use laser-induced grating scattering (LIGS) to derive this property in real time. Previous pressure measurements with LIGS have employed a signal fitting method, but this is relatively time-consuming and requires specialist understanding. In this paper, we directly measure a decay lifetime from a LIGS signal and then employ a calibration surface constructed using a physics-based model to convert this value to pressure. This method was applied to an optically accessible single-cylinder internal combustion engine, yielding an accuracy of better than 10% at all tested conditions above atmospheric pressure. This new approach complements the existing strength of LIGS in precisely and accurately deriving temperature with a simple analysis method, by adding pressure information with a similarly simple method.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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