Abstract

10 kHz two-color OH planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) thermometry was demonstrated in both laminar Hencken flames and turbulent premixed jet flames using two injection-seeded optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) pumped by a high-speed three-legged burst-mode laser. The two burst-mode OPOs generate ${\sim}{{5}}\;{\rm{mJ/pulse}}$ at 282 nm and 286 nm to excite the ${{\rm{Q}}_1}\!({{5}})$ and ${{\rm{Q}}_1}\!({{14}})$ transitions of the ${{\rm{A}}^2}{\Sigma ^ +}\leftarrow{{\rm{X}}^2}\Pi$ (1,0) system of OH, respectively. PLIF images were collected simultaneously from each of the two transitions and ratios of intensities from the two images were used to determine local temperatures. Analyses of flame curvature, temperature, and the correlation in time of these two quantities are also discussed. The results from this work are promising for the use of this technique in more complex flow environments and at, potentially, even higher repetition rate.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  28. S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, M. W. Renfro, and B. M. Cetegen, “Blowoff dynamics of bluff body stabilized turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 157, 790–802 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2020 (1)

2019 (3)

2018 (2)

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

D. R. Richardson, N. Jiang, D. L. Blunck, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of inverse diffusion flame in vitiated cross flow via two-photon planar LIF of CO and 2-D thermometry,” Combust. Flame 168, 270–285 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, J. G. Mance, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, “1-kHz two-dimensional coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (2D-CARS) for gas-phase thermometry,” Opt. Express 24, 24971–24979 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2013 (3)

A. Bohlin and C. J. Kliewer, “Communication: two-dimensional gas-phase coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (2D-CARS): simultaneous planar imaging and multiplex spectroscopy in a single laser shot,” J. Chem. Phys. 138, 221101 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Adram, B. Fond, A. L. Heyes, and F. Beyrau, “High-speed planar thermometry and velocimetry using thermographic phosphor particles,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Fiber-coupled, 10 kHz simultaneous OH-PLIF/PIV,” Opt. Lett. 38, 130–132 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

N. Jiang, M. Webster, W. R. Lempert, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, C. B. Ivey, and P. M. Danehy, “MHz-rate nitric oxide planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging in a Mach 10 hypersonic wind tunnel,” Appl. Opt. 50, A20–A28 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, R. A. Patton, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Development of high-repetition rate CH PLIF imaging in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 767–774 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Rabhiou, J. Feist, A. Kempf, S. Skinner, and A. Heyes, “Phosphorescent thermal history sensors,” Sens. Actuators A 169, 18–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, “Recent advances in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy: fundamental developments and applications in reacting flows,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280–306 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, M. W. Renfro, and B. M. Cetegen, “Blowoff dynamics of bluff body stabilized turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 157, 790–802 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner, Combust. Flame 109, 323–331 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1986 (1)

J. Canny, “A computational approach to edge detection,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. PAMI-8, 679–698 (1986).
[Crossref]

Abram, C.

C. Abram, B. Fond, and F. Beyrau, “Temperature measurement techniques for gas and liquid flows using thermographic phosphor tracer particles,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 64, 93–156 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adram, C.

C. Adram, B. Fond, A. L. Heyes, and F. Beyrau, “High-speed planar thermometry and velocimetry using thermographic phosphor particles,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Athmanathan, V.

Berg, P. A.

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bertagnolli, K. E.

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner, Combust. Flame 109, 323–331 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beyrau, F.

C. Abram, B. Fond, and F. Beyrau, “Temperature measurement techniques for gas and liquid flows using thermographic phosphor tracer particles,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 64, 93–156 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Adram, B. Fond, A. L. Heyes, and F. Beyrau, “High-speed planar thermometry and velocimetry using thermographic phosphor particles,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Blunck, D. L.

D. R. Richardson, N. Jiang, D. L. Blunck, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of inverse diffusion flame in vitiated cross flow via two-photon planar LIF of CO and 2-D thermometry,” Combust. Flame 168, 270–285 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bohlin, A.

A. Bohlin and C. J. Kliewer, “Communication: two-dimensional gas-phase coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (2D-CARS): simultaneous planar imaging and multiplex spectroscopy in a single laser shot,” J. Chem. Phys. 138, 221101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Branam, R.

Bruzzeses, J.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Canny, J.

J. Canny, “A computational approach to edge detection,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. PAMI-8, 679–698 (1986).
[Crossref]

Caswell, A. W.

C. A. Fugger, S. Roy, A. W. Caswell, B. A. Rankin, and J. R. Gord, “Structure and dynamics of CH2O, OH, and the velocity field of a confined bluff-body premixed flame, using simultaneous PLIF and PIV at 10 kHz,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 37, 1461–1469 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cetegen, B. M.

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, M. W. Renfro, and B. M. Cetegen, “Blowoff dynamics of bluff body stabilized turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 157, 790–802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chaudhuri, S.

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, M. W. Renfro, and B. M. Cetegen, “Blowoff dynamics of bluff body stabilized turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 157, 790–802 (2010).
[Crossref]

Crosley, D. R.

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Luque and D. R. Crosley, “LIFBASE: database and spectral simulation, Version 2.1,” Technical Report MP 00-009 (SRI International 1999, 2016).

Danehy, P. M.

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 1st ed. (CRC Press, 1996).

Estevadeordal, J.

Feist, J.

A. Rabhiou, J. Feist, A. Kempf, S. Skinner, and A. Heyes, “Phosphorescent thermal history sensors,” Sens. Actuators A 169, 18–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Felver, J. J.

Fond, B.

C. Abram, B. Fond, and F. Beyrau, “Temperature measurement techniques for gas and liquid flows using thermographic phosphor tracer particles,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 64, 93–156 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Adram, B. Fond, A. L. Heyes, and F. Beyrau, “High-speed planar thermometry and velocimetry using thermographic phosphor particles,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fugger, C. A.

P. S. Hsu, M. N. Splipchenko, N. Jiang, C. A. Fugger, A. M. Webb, V. Athmanathan, T. R. Meyer, and S. Roy, “Megahertz-rate OH planar laser-induced florescence imaging in a rotating detonation combustor,” Opt. Lett. 45, 5776–5779 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. A. Fugger, S. Roy, A. W. Caswell, B. A. Rankin, and J. R. Gord, “Structure and dynamics of CH2O, OH, and the velocity field of a confined bluff-body premixed flame, using simultaneous PLIF and PIV at 10 kHz,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 37, 1461–1469 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gaitonde, D. V.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gord, J. R.

C. A. Fugger, S. Roy, A. W. Caswell, B. A. Rankin, and J. R. Gord, “Structure and dynamics of CH2O, OH, and the velocity field of a confined bluff-body premixed flame, using simultaneous PLIF and PIV at 10 kHz,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 37, 1461–1469 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, T. Yi, M. N. Slipchenko, J. J. Felver, J. Estevadeordal, and J. R. Gord, “Development of a three-legged, high-speed, burst-mode laser system for simultaneous measurements of velocity and scalars in reacting flows,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2704–2707 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. R. Halls, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, E. S. Legge, J. J. Felver, M. N. Slipchenko, S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “kHz-rate four-dimensional fluorescence tomography using an ultraviolet-tunable narrowband burst-mode optical parametric oscillator,” Optica 4, 897–902 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. R. Richardson, N. Jiang, D. L. Blunck, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of inverse diffusion flame in vitiated cross flow via two-photon planar LIF of CO and 2-D thermometry,” Combust. Flame 168, 270–285 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, J. G. Mance, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, “1-kHz two-dimensional coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (2D-CARS) for gas-phase thermometry,” Opt. Express 24, 24971–24979 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, M. N. Slipchenko, and J. R. Gord, “100-kHz-rate gas-phase thermometry using 100-ps pulses from a burst-mode laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5125–5128 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Fiber-coupled, 10 kHz simultaneous OH-PLIF/PIV,” Opt. Lett. 38, 130–132 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, “Recent advances in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy: fundamental developments and applications in reacting flows,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280–306 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, S. Roy, P. J. Lakusta, T. R. Meyer, M. W. Renfro, J. R. Gord, and R. Branam, “Comparison of line-peak and line-scanning excitation in two-color laser-induced fluorescence thermometry of OH,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6332–6343 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, and J. R. Gord, “Ultrahigh-frame-rate OH fluorescence imaging in turbulent flames using a burst-mode optical parameteric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1309–1311 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, G. L. Switzer, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “Narrow-linewidth megahertz-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator for high-speed flow and combustion diagnostics,” Appl. Opt. 47, 64–71 (2008).
[Crossref]

Grib, S. W.

Halls, B. R.

Hancock, R. D.

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner, Combust. Flame 109, 323–331 (1997).
[Crossref]

Harrington, J. E.

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

Heyes, A.

A. Rabhiou, J. Feist, A. Kempf, S. Skinner, and A. Heyes, “Phosphorescent thermal history sensors,” Sens. Actuators A 169, 18–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Heyes, A. L.

C. Adram, B. Fond, A. L. Heyes, and F. Beyrau, “High-speed planar thermometry and velocimetry using thermographic phosphor particles,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Holden, M.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hsu, P. S.

P. S. Hsu, M. N. Splipchenko, N. Jiang, C. A. Fugger, A. M. Webb, V. Athmanathan, T. R. Meyer, and S. Roy, “Megahertz-rate OH planar laser-induced florescence imaging in a rotating detonation combustor,” Opt. Lett. 45, 5776–5779 (2020).
[Crossref]

S. W. Grib, N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, P. M. Danehy, and S. Roy, “Rayleigh-scattering-based two-dimensional temperature measurement at 100-kHz frequency,” Opt. Express 27, 27902–27916 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, S. W. Grib, and S. Roy, “Simultaneous high-speed imaging of temperature, heat-release rate, and multi-species concentrations in turbulent jet flames,” Opt. Express 27, 17017–17026 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, T. Yi, M. N. Slipchenko, J. J. Felver, J. Estevadeordal, and J. R. Gord, “Development of a three-legged, high-speed, burst-mode laser system for simultaneous measurements of velocity and scalars in reacting flows,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2704–2707 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. R. Halls, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, E. S. Legge, J. J. Felver, M. N. Slipchenko, S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “kHz-rate four-dimensional fluorescence tomography using an ultraviolet-tunable narrowband burst-mode optical parametric oscillator,” Optica 4, 897–902 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, M. N. Slipchenko, and J. R. Gord, “100-kHz-rate gas-phase thermometry using 100-ps pulses from a burst-mode laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5125–5128 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Fiber-coupled, 10 kHz simultaneous OH-PLIF/PIV,” Opt. Lett. 38, 130–132 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huelskamp, B. C.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ivey, C. B.

Jeffries, J. B.

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jensen, T. R.

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, N.

P. S. Hsu, M. N. Splipchenko, N. Jiang, C. A. Fugger, A. M. Webb, V. Athmanathan, T. R. Meyer, and S. Roy, “Megahertz-rate OH planar laser-induced florescence imaging in a rotating detonation combustor,” Opt. Lett. 45, 5776–5779 (2020).
[Crossref]

S. W. Grib, N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, P. M. Danehy, and S. Roy, “Rayleigh-scattering-based two-dimensional temperature measurement at 100-kHz frequency,” Opt. Express 27, 27902–27916 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, S. W. Grib, and S. Roy, “Simultaneous high-speed imaging of temperature, heat-release rate, and multi-species concentrations in turbulent jet flames,” Opt. Express 27, 17017–17026 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, T. Yi, M. N. Slipchenko, J. J. Felver, J. Estevadeordal, and J. R. Gord, “Development of a three-legged, high-speed, burst-mode laser system for simultaneous measurements of velocity and scalars in reacting flows,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2704–2707 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. R. Halls, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, E. S. Legge, J. J. Felver, M. N. Slipchenko, S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “kHz-rate four-dimensional fluorescence tomography using an ultraviolet-tunable narrowband burst-mode optical parametric oscillator,” Optica 4, 897–902 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. R. Richardson, N. Jiang, D. L. Blunck, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of inverse diffusion flame in vitiated cross flow via two-photon planar LIF of CO and 2-D thermometry,” Combust. Flame 168, 270–285 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, M. N. Slipchenko, and J. R. Gord, “100-kHz-rate gas-phase thermometry using 100-ps pulses from a burst-mode laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5125–5128 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Fiber-coupled, 10 kHz simultaneous OH-PLIF/PIV,” Opt. Lett. 38, 130–132 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, M. Webster, W. R. Lempert, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, C. B. Ivey, and P. M. Danehy, “MHz-rate nitric oxide planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging in a Mach 10 hypersonic wind tunnel,” Appl. Opt. 50, A20–A28 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, R. A. Patton, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Development of high-repetition rate CH PLIF imaging in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 767–774 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, and J. R. Gord, “Ultrahigh-frame-rate OH fluorescence imaging in turbulent flames using a burst-mode optical parameteric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1309–1311 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, G. L. Switzer, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “Narrow-linewidth megahertz-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator for high-speed flow and combustion diagnostics,” Appl. Opt. 47, 64–71 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kempf, A.

A. Rabhiou, J. Feist, A. Kempf, S. Skinner, and A. Heyes, “Phosphorescent thermal history sensors,” Sens. Actuators A 169, 18–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kiel, B. V.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kliewer, C. J.

A. Bohlin and C. J. Kliewer, “Communication: two-dimensional gas-phase coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (2D-CARS): simultaneous planar imaging and multiplex spectroscopy in a single laser shot,” J. Chem. Phys. 138, 221101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kopp-Vaughan, K. M.

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kostka, S.

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, M. W. Renfro, and B. M. Cetegen, “Blowoff dynamics of bluff body stabilized turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 157, 790–802 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, S. Roy, P. J. Lakusta, T. R. Meyer, M. W. Renfro, J. R. Gord, and R. Branam, “Comparison of line-peak and line-scanning excitation in two-color laser-induced fluorescence thermometry of OH,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6332–6343 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lakusta, P. J.

Law, C. K.

C. K. Law, Combustion Physics, 1st ed. (Cambridge University, 2010).

Legge, E. S.

Lempert, W. R.

Lucht, R. P.

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner, Combust. Flame 109, 323–331 (1997).
[Crossref]

Luque, J.

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Luque and D. R. Crosley, “LIFBASE: database and spectral simulation, Version 2.1,” Technical Report MP 00-009 (SRI International 1999, 2016).

Lynch, A. C.

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mance, J. G.

Mansour, M. S.

Meyer, T. R.

P. S. Hsu, M. N. Splipchenko, N. Jiang, C. A. Fugger, A. M. Webb, V. Athmanathan, T. R. Meyer, and S. Roy, “Megahertz-rate OH planar laser-induced florescence imaging in a rotating detonation combustor,” Opt. Lett. 45, 5776–5779 (2020).
[Crossref]

B. R. Halls, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, E. S. Legge, J. J. Felver, M. N. Slipchenko, S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “kHz-rate four-dimensional fluorescence tomography using an ultraviolet-tunable narrowband burst-mode optical parametric oscillator,” Optica 4, 897–902 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, M. Webster, W. R. Lempert, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, C. B. Ivey, and P. M. Danehy, “MHz-rate nitric oxide planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging in a Mach 10 hypersonic wind tunnel,” Appl. Opt. 50, A20–A28 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, and J. R. Gord, “Ultrahigh-frame-rate OH fluorescence imaging in turbulent flames using a burst-mode optical parameteric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1309–1311 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, S. Roy, P. J. Lakusta, T. R. Meyer, M. W. Renfro, J. R. Gord, and R. Branam, “Comparison of line-peak and line-scanning excitation in two-color laser-induced fluorescence thermometry of OH,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6332–6343 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, G. L. Switzer, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “Narrow-linewidth megahertz-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator for high-speed flow and combustion diagnostics,” Appl. Opt. 47, 64–71 (2008).
[Crossref]

Miller, J. D.

Parker, R.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Patnaik, A. K.

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, “Recent advances in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy: fundamental developments and applications in reacting flows,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280–306 (2010).
[Crossref]

Patton, P.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Patton, R. A.

N. Jiang, R. A. Patton, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Development of high-repetition rate CH PLIF imaging in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 767–774 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rabhiou, A.

A. Rabhiou, J. Feist, A. Kempf, S. Skinner, and A. Heyes, “Phosphorescent thermal history sensors,” Sens. Actuators A 169, 18–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rankin, B. A.

C. A. Fugger, S. Roy, A. W. Caswell, B. A. Rankin, and J. R. Gord, “Structure and dynamics of CH2O, OH, and the velocity field of a confined bluff-body premixed flame, using simultaneous PLIF and PIV at 10 kHz,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 37, 1461–1469 (2019).
[Crossref]

Renfro, M. W.

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, M. W. Renfro, and B. M. Cetegen, “Blowoff dynamics of bluff body stabilized turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 157, 790–802 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, S. Roy, P. J. Lakusta, T. R. Meyer, M. W. Renfro, J. R. Gord, and R. Branam, “Comparison of line-peak and line-scanning excitation in two-color laser-induced fluorescence thermometry of OH,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6332–6343 (2009).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. R.

D. R. Richardson, N. Jiang, D. L. Blunck, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of inverse diffusion flame in vitiated cross flow via two-photon planar LIF of CO and 2-D thermometry,” Combust. Flame 168, 270–285 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roy, S.

P. S. Hsu, M. N. Splipchenko, N. Jiang, C. A. Fugger, A. M. Webb, V. Athmanathan, T. R. Meyer, and S. Roy, “Megahertz-rate OH planar laser-induced florescence imaging in a rotating detonation combustor,” Opt. Lett. 45, 5776–5779 (2020).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, S. W. Grib, and S. Roy, “Simultaneous high-speed imaging of temperature, heat-release rate, and multi-species concentrations in turbulent jet flames,” Opt. Express 27, 17017–17026 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. A. Fugger, S. Roy, A. W. Caswell, B. A. Rankin, and J. R. Gord, “Structure and dynamics of CH2O, OH, and the velocity field of a confined bluff-body premixed flame, using simultaneous PLIF and PIV at 10 kHz,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 37, 1461–1469 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. W. Grib, N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, P. M. Danehy, and S. Roy, “Rayleigh-scattering-based two-dimensional temperature measurement at 100-kHz frequency,” Opt. Express 27, 27902–27916 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, N. Jiang, P. S. Hsu, T. Yi, M. N. Slipchenko, J. J. Felver, J. Estevadeordal, and J. R. Gord, “Development of a three-legged, high-speed, burst-mode laser system for simultaneous measurements of velocity and scalars in reacting flows,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2704–2707 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. R. Halls, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, E. S. Legge, J. J. Felver, M. N. Slipchenko, S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “kHz-rate four-dimensional fluorescence tomography using an ultraviolet-tunable narrowband burst-mode optical parametric oscillator,” Optica 4, 897–902 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, J. G. Mance, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, “1-kHz two-dimensional coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (2D-CARS) for gas-phase thermometry,” Opt. Express 24, 24971–24979 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. R. Richardson, N. Jiang, D. L. Blunck, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of inverse diffusion flame in vitiated cross flow via two-photon planar LIF of CO and 2-D thermometry,” Combust. Flame 168, 270–285 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, M. N. Slipchenko, and J. R. Gord, “100-kHz-rate gas-phase thermometry using 100-ps pulses from a burst-mode laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5125–5128 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. S. Hsu, N. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Fiber-coupled, 10 kHz simultaneous OH-PLIF/PIV,” Opt. Lett. 38, 130–132 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, “Recent advances in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy: fundamental developments and applications in reacting flows,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280–306 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, S. Roy, P. J. Lakusta, T. R. Meyer, M. W. Renfro, J. R. Gord, and R. Branam, “Comparison of line-peak and line-scanning excitation in two-color laser-induced fluorescence thermometry of OH,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6332–6343 (2009).
[Crossref]

Skinner, S.

A. Rabhiou, J. Feist, A. Kempf, S. Skinner, and A. Heyes, “Phosphorescent thermal history sensors,” Sens. Actuators A 169, 18–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Slipchenko, M. N.

Smith, G. P.

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

Splipchenko, M. N.

Sutton, J. A.

N. Jiang, R. A. Patton, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Development of high-repetition rate CH PLIF imaging in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 767–774 (2011).
[Crossref]

Switzer, G. L.

Tamura, M.

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tuttle, S. G.

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wadham, T.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Walter, W. R.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Webb, A. M.

Webster, M.

Yentsch, R.

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yi, T.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Adram, B. Fond, A. L. Heyes, and F. Beyrau, “High-speed planar thermometry and velocimetry using thermographic phosphor particles,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Combust. Flame (6)

D. R. Richardson, N. Jiang, D. L. Blunck, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of inverse diffusion flame in vitiated cross flow via two-photon planar LIF of CO and 2-D thermometry,” Combust. Flame 168, 270–285 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner, Combust. Flame 109, 323–331 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Tamura, P. A. Berg, J. E. Harrington, J. Luque, J. B. Jeffries, G. P. Smith, and D. R. Crosley, “Collisional quenching of CH(A), OH(A), and NO(A) in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Combust. Flame 114, 502–514 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. G. Tuttle, S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, K. M. Kopp-Vaughan, T. R. Jensen, B. M. Cetegen, and M. W. Renfro, “Time-resolved blowoff transition measurements for two-dimensional bluff body-stabilized flames in vitiated flow,” Combust. Flame 159, 291–305 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, S. Kostka, M. W. Renfro, and B. M. Cetegen, “Blowoff dynamics of bluff body stabilized turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 157, 790–802 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Kostka, A. C. Lynch, B. C. Huelskamp, B. V. Kiel, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Characterization of flame-shedding behavior behind a bluff-body using proper orthorgonal decomposition,” Combust. Flame 159, 2872–2882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Exp. Fluids (1)

N. Jiang, J. Bruzzeses, P. Patton, R. Yentsch, D. V. Gaitonde, W. R. Walter, J. D. Miller, T. R. Meyer, R. Parker, T. Wadham, M. Holden, and P. M. Danehy, “NO PLIF imaging in the CUBRIC 48-inch shock tunnel,” Exp. Fluids 53, 1637–1646 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. (1)

J. Canny, “A computational approach to edge detection,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. PAMI-8, 679–698 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Bohlin and C. J. Kliewer, “Communication: two-dimensional gas-phase coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (2D-CARS): simultaneous planar imaging and multiplex spectroscopy in a single laser shot,” J. Chem. Phys. 138, 221101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optica (1)

Proc. Combust. Inst. (2)

C. A. Fugger, S. Roy, A. W. Caswell, B. A. Rankin, and J. R. Gord, “Structure and dynamics of CH2O, OH, and the velocity field of a confined bluff-body premixed flame, using simultaneous PLIF and PIV at 10 kHz,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 37, 1461–1469 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Jiang, R. A. Patton, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Development of high-repetition rate CH PLIF imaging in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 767–774 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (2)

C. Abram, B. Fond, and F. Beyrau, “Temperature measurement techniques for gas and liquid flows using thermographic phosphor tracer particles,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 64, 93–156 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, “Recent advances in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy: fundamental developments and applications in reacting flows,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280–306 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators A (1)

A. Rabhiou, J. Feist, A. Kempf, S. Skinner, and A. Heyes, “Phosphorescent thermal history sensors,” Sens. Actuators A 169, 18–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

C. K. Law, Combustion Physics, 1st ed. (Cambridge University, 2010).

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 1st ed. (CRC Press, 1996).

J. Luque and D. R. Crosley, “LIFBASE: database and spectral simulation, Version 2.1,” Technical Report MP 00-009 (SRI International 1999, 2016).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Layout of high-speed two-color OH PLIF thermometry measurement system, including a three-legged burst-mode laser, two OPOs, PLIF imaging system, and jet flame.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Normalized ${{\rm{Q}}_1}({{5}})$ and ${{\rm{Q}}_1}({{14}})$ OH PLIF imaging centered at a position 48 mm downstream from the jet exit. The image sequence shows the normalized intensity. All the images were recorded at 10 kHz.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Temperature PDFs for the entire 2D temperature time-series data set in labeled ${{150}} \times {{100}}$ pixel regions of interest (inset) within a uniform flat flame.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. 2D flame temperature images derived from the data shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Example of two-dimensional temperature image sequence with the edge of the OH PLIF contour indicating the curvature overlaid in false color. The rectangle outlined by the dashed white line indicates a region of high-magnitude negative curvature, and the circular outlined by the dashed magenta line indicates a region of high-magnitude positive curvature.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Joint PDF of curvature and temperature. The temperature was sampled 0.6 mm downstream from the flame edge, normal to the flame surface.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Curvature and temperature versus time, sampled 0.6 mm downstream from the flame edge, normal to the flame surface. Temperature error bars are taken from the largest value of the standard deviation (110 K) in the Hencken calibrations.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Cross correlation of curvature and temperature over a laser burst. The correlation was calculated for various distances from the flame edge.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R ( T ) = S 1 C 2 S 2 C 1 .
C = ( x ˙ y ¨ y ˙ x ¨ ) ( x ˙ 2 + y ˙ 2 ) 3 2 .
A = < ν μ > ν μ .

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