Abstract

Vortex beams were theoretically demonstrated by patterning a fiber facet with $N$-segment microphase plates. By changing the aluminum oxynitride material composition of each segment, gradient refractive-index phase plates (GRPs) were designed and introduced a ${{2}}\pi l$ azimuthal optical phase difference. The gradient index profile was able to convert a fiber Gaussian mode to a Laguerre–Gaussian mode with varieties of topological charge $l$. A three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method was applied to calculate the near-field optical phase maps and the far-field beam profiles projected from the micro-GRPs. A uniform vortex beam with a symmetrical doughnut shape was obtained by optimizing the GRPs’ radii and the number of segments. The micro-GRPs enabled flat optical components for efficient vortex beam generation.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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