Abstract

Optical wireless communication (OWC) technology is one of several alternative technologies for addressing the radio frequency limitations for applications in both indoor and outdoor architectures. Indoor optical wireless systems suffer from noise and intersymbol interference (ISI). These degradations are produced by the wireless channel multipath effect, which causes data rate limitation and hence overall system performance degradation. On the other hand, outdoor OWC suffers from several physical impairments that affect transmission quality. Channel coding can play a vital role in the performance enhancement of OWC systems to ensure that data transmission is robust against channel impairments. In this paper, an efficient framework for OWC in developing African countries is introduced. It is suitable for OWC in both indoor and outdoor environments. The outdoor scenario will be suitable to wild areas in Africa. A detailed study of the system stages is presented to guarantee the suitable modulation, coding, equalization, and quality assessment scenarios for the OWC process, especially for tasks such as image and video communication. Hamming and low-density parity check coding techniques are utilized with an asymmetrically clipped DC-offset optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (ADO-OFDM) scenario. The performance versus the complexity of both utilized techniques for channel coding is studied, and both coding techniques are compared at different coding rates. Another task studied in this paper is how to perform efficient adaptive channel estimation and hence equalization on the OWC systems to combat the effect of ISI. The proposed schemes for this task are based on the adaptive recursive least-squares (RLS) and the adaptive least mean squares (LMS) algorithms with activity detection guidance and tap decoupling techniques at the receiver side. These adaptive channel estimators are compared with the adaptive estimators based on the standard LMS and RLS algorithms. Moreover, this paper presents a new scenario for quality assessment of optical communication systems based on the regular transmission of images over the system and quality evaluation of these images at the receiver based on a trained convolutional neural network. The proposed OWC framework is very useful for developing countries in Africa due to its simplicity of implementation with high performance.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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