Abstract

We demonstrate the generation of a type of square-shaped pulse in a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on the nonlinear optical loop mirror technique. Through adjusting the pump power and polarization state, square-shaped pulses are generated. Furthermore, we investigate the pulse profile in relation to the optical spectrum. By filtering out short-wavelength spectrum components gradually, pulse shaping is achieved, and the top of the square-shaped pulse becomes flat. Subsequently, by filtering out long-wavelength spectrum components, a type of h-shaped pulse is obtained and the formation reason is also investigated.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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