Abstract

A dual-band high-precision lightning imaging spectrometer (DHLIS) is designed to capture the fine spectrum of transient lightning. DHLIS improves the theoretical spectral resolution limit to ${{1}}{{{0}}^{- 3}}\;{\rm{nm}}$ and broadens the spectral range to 30–40 nm by employing double echelle gratings in the arms of a spatial heterodyne spectrometer. Four strong and three fine spectral lines are selected to retrieve the temperature of the lightning channel using the Boltzmann plot method. The experimental results indicate that the inversion accuracy of the temperature obtained by inserting fine spectral lines is higher than that by implementation of four strong spectral lines.

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