Abstract

We propose to use 1-bit feedforward information at the free-space optical (FSO) receiver to improve its error performance. We concentrate upon $M$-ary pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) signaling and design an error-optimal PAM constellation for providing efficient 1-bit feedforward information to the receiver. A maximum likelihood detector is derived, and the symbol error rate of the considered FSO system is analytically obtained in closed form by using a union-bound approach. It is shown by using the analysis and simulation that 1-bit feedforward can significantly improve the performance of PAM in FSO systems.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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