Abstract

Some applications of vacuum uv radiation to basic research problems are discussed, with emphasis on the interaction of vacuum uv radiation with gases and solids.

© 1967 Optical Society of America

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  7. B. L. Henke, Advan. X-Ray Anal. 4, 244 (1961); in X-Ray Optics and X-Ray Microanalysis, H. H. Pattee, V. E. Cosslett, A. Engström, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1963), p. 157.
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  8. B. Edlén, Rept. Progr. Phys. 26, 181 (1963).
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  9. Y. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 3, 799 (1964).
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  37. F. J. Comes, H. G. Sälzer, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1230 (1964).
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  39. J. A. R. Samson, R. B. Cairns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).
  40. D. C. Frost, C. A. McDowell, D. A. Vroom, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 612 (1965).
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  41. T. A. Carlson, M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 137, A1655 (1965); Phys. Rev.140, A1057 (1965); and M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 140, A1845 (1965).
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  44. A. Dalgarno, M. B. McElroy, R. J. Moffett, Planet. Space Sci. 11, 463 (1963); Planet. Space Sci. 13, 143 (1965).
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  45. R. I. Schoen, D. L. Judge, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, H. Maecker, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. I, p. 25.
  46. D. L. Judge, A. L. Morse, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, P. Hubert, E. Cremieu-Alcan, Eds. (S.E.R.M.A.), Paris, 1963), Vol. III, p. 373; Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 10, 739, 1210 (1965).
  47. K. H. Becker, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 18a, 600 (1963); Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1006 (1964); Z. Naturforsch. 20a, 442, 1692 (1965).
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  52. H. Ehrenreich, H. R. Phillip, Phys. Rev. 128, 1622 (1962); IEEE Spectrum 2, 162 (1965).
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  53. H. R. Phillip, E. A. Taft, Phys. Rev. 127, 159 (1962); Phys. Rev. 120, 37 (1960); Phys. Rev. 113, 1005 (1959).
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  54. E. I. Fisher, I. Fujita, G. L. Weissler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1560 (1966).
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  59. W. R. Hunter, D. W. Angel, R. Tousey, Appl. Opt. 4, 891 (1965).
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  60. E. T. Arakawa, R. J. Herickhoff, R. D. Birkhoff, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 319 (1964); Phys. Rev. 137, A1433 (1965).
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  61. W. C. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24, 1667 (1963).
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  62. Y. Uchida, R. Kato, E. Matsui, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer 2, 589 (1962); Y. Uchida, K. Fukuda, A. Okuda, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 535 (1958); J. Appl. Phys. 29, 492 (1960).
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  65. W. E. Spicer, C. N. Berglund, Rev. Sci. Instr. 35, 1665 (1964); W. E. Spicer, R. E. Simon, Phys. Rev. Letters 9, 385 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  66. C. N. Berglund, W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 136, A1030 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1044 (1964).
    [CrossRef]

1966 (5)

B. Brehm, Z. Naturforsch. 21a, 196 (1966).

W. Poschenrieder, P. Warneck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2812 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, R. B. Cairns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).

J. Berkowitz, H. Ehrhardt, Physics Letters 21, 531 (1966).
[CrossRef]

E. I. Fisher, I. Fujita, G. L. Weissler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1560 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965 (8)

A. J. Blake, J. H. Carver, Physics Letters 19, 387 (1965).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Hunter, D. W. Angel, R. Tousey, Appl. Opt. 4, 891 (1965).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Frost, C. A. McDowell, D. A. Vroom, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 612 (1965).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Carlson, M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 137, A1655 (1965); Phys. Rev.140, A1057 (1965); and M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 140, A1845 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, G. L. Weissler, Phys. Rev. 137, A381 (1965).
[CrossRef]

R. L. F. Boyd, Space Sci. Rev. 4, 35 (1965).

V. H. Dibeler, R. M. Reese, M. Krauss, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2045 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Person, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2553 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964 (12)

E. Murad, M. G. Inghram, J. Chem. Phys. 41, 404 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Y. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 3, 799 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. R. McNesby, H. Okabe, Advan. Photochem. 3, 157 (1964).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Comes, W. Lessman, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 508 (1964).

R. I. Schoen, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1830 (1964); P. H. Doolittle, R. I. Schoen, Phys. Rev. Letters 14, 348 (1965).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Comes, H. G. Sälzer, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1230 (1964).

K. D. Beyer, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 19 (1964).

E. T. Arakawa, R. J. Herickhoff, R. D. Birkhoff, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 319 (1964); Phys. Rev. 137, A1433 (1965).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 208 (1964); J. Phys. 25, 154 (1964).
[CrossRef]

M. Cardona, D. L. Greenaway, Phys. Rev. 133, A1685 (1964); M. Cardona, G. Harbeke, Phys. Rev. 137, A1467 (1965).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Spicer, C. N. Berglund, Rev. Sci. Instr. 35, 1665 (1964); W. E. Spicer, R. E. Simon, Phys. Rev. Letters 9, 385 (1962).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Berglund, W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 136, A1030 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1044 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1963 (4)

W. C. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24, 1667 (1963).
[CrossRef]

A. Dalgarno, M. B. McElroy, R. J. Moffett, Planet. Space Sci. 11, 463 (1963); Planet. Space Sci. 13, 143 (1965).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Becker, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 18a, 600 (1963); Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1006 (1964); Z. Naturforsch. 20a, 442, 1692 (1965).

B. Edlén, Rept. Progr. Phys. 26, 181 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962 (8)

G. Milazzo, Pure. Appl. Chem. 4, 135 (1962).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Schoen, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 2032 (1962).
[CrossRef]

C. Giese, Physik. Verhandl. 1, Ref. 1, 3 (1962).

D. W. Turner, M. I. Al-Joboury, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 3007 (1962); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 5141 (1963); 4434 (1964); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. P. May, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 616 (1965); 6350 (1965); D. W. Turner, D. P. May, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 471 (1966); T. N. Radwan, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 85 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Y. Uchida, R. Kato, E. Matsui, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer 2, 589 (1962); Y. Uchida, K. Fukuda, A. Okuda, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 535 (1958); J. Appl. Phys. 29, 492 (1960).
[CrossRef]

H. Ehrenreich, H. R. Phillip, Phys. Rev. 128, 1622 (1962); IEEE Spectrum 2, 162 (1965).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Phillip, E. A. Taft, Phys. Rev. 127, 159 (1962); Phys. Rev. 120, 37 (1960); Phys. Rev. 113, 1005 (1959).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Walker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 223 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1961 (4)

F. I. Vilesov, B. L. Kurbatov, A. N. Terenin, Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 490 (1961); Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 883 (1962).

B. L. Henke, Advan. X-Ray Anal. 4, 244 (1961); in X-Ray Optics and X-Ray Microanalysis, H. H. Pattee, V. E. Cosslett, A. Engström, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1963), p. 157.
[CrossRef]

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Mol. Spectry. 6, 1 (1961).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Price, Advan. Spectry. 1, 56 (1961); Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 11, 133 (1960).

1960 (1)

R. Onaka, I. Fujita, Phys. Rev. 119, 1597 (1960); J. Phys. Soc. Japan 18, Suppl. II, 262 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1959 (2)

1958 (1)

H. Hurzeler, M. G. Inghram, J. P. Morrison, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 313 (1958); J. Chem. Phys. 28, 76 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1957 (2)

R. F. K. Herzog, F. F. Marmo, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1202 (1957).
[CrossRef]

E. Schönheit, Z. Angew. Phys. 9, 171 (1957). See also Z. Naturforsch. 15a, 841 (1960) and Z. Naturforsch. 16a, 1096 (1961).

1956 (1)

I. P. Lossing, I. Tanaka, J. Chem. Phys. 25, 1031 (1956).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

E. C. Y. Inn, Spectrochim. Acta 7, 65 (1955).
[CrossRef]

1941 (1)

J. C. Boyce, Rev. Mod. Phys. 13, 1 (1941).
[CrossRef]

1939 (1)

Al-Joboury, M. I.

D. W. Turner, M. I. Al-Joboury, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 3007 (1962); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 5141 (1963); 4434 (1964); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. P. May, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 616 (1965); 6350 (1965); D. W. Turner, D. P. May, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 471 (1966); T. N. Radwan, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 85 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Angel, D. W.

Arakawa, E. T.

E. T. Arakawa, R. J. Herickhoff, R. D. Birkhoff, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 319 (1964); Phys. Rev. 137, A1433 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Becker, K. H.

K. H. Becker, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 18a, 600 (1963); Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1006 (1964); Z. Naturforsch. 20a, 442, 1692 (1965).

Berglund, C. N.

W. E. Spicer, C. N. Berglund, Rev. Sci. Instr. 35, 1665 (1964); W. E. Spicer, R. E. Simon, Phys. Rev. Letters 9, 385 (1962).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Berglund, W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 136, A1030 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1044 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Berkowitz, J.

J. Berkowitz, H. Ehrhardt, Physics Letters 21, 531 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bethe, H. A.

H. A. Bethe, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1933), Vol. 24, part 1.

Beyer, K. D.

K. D. Beyer, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 19 (1964).

Birkhoff, R. D.

E. T. Arakawa, R. J. Herickhoff, R. D. Birkhoff, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 319 (1964); Phys. Rev. 137, A1433 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Blake, A. J.

A. J. Blake, J. H. Carver, Physics Letters 19, 387 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Boyce, J. C.

J. C. Boyce, Rev. Mod. Phys. 13, 1 (1941).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. L. F.

R. L. F. Boyd, Space Sci. Rev. 4, 35 (1965).

Brehm, B.

B. Brehm, Z. Naturforsch. 21a, 196 (1966).

Cairns, R. B.

J. A. R. Samson, R. B. Cairns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).

Cardona, M.

M. Cardona, D. L. Greenaway, Phys. Rev. 133, A1685 (1964); M. Cardona, G. Harbeke, Phys. Rev. 137, A1467 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, T. A.

T. A. Carlson, M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 137, A1655 (1965); Phys. Rev.140, A1057 (1965); and M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 140, A1845 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Carver, J. H.

A. J. Blake, J. H. Carver, Physics Letters 19, 387 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Comes, F. J.

F. J. Comes, H. G. Sälzer, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1230 (1964).

F. J. Comes, W. Lessman, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 508 (1964).

Cook, G. R.

Dalgarno, A.

A. Dalgarno, M. B. McElroy, R. J. Moffett, Planet. Space Sci. 11, 463 (1963); Planet. Space Sci. 13, 143 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Dibeler, V. H.

V. H. Dibeler, R. M. Reese, M. Krauss, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2045 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Edlén, B.

B. Edlén, Rept. Progr. Phys. 26, 181 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, H.

H. Ehrenreich, H. R. Phillip, Phys. Rev. 128, 1622 (1962); IEEE Spectrum 2, 162 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ehrhardt, H.

J. Berkowitz, H. Ehrhardt, Physics Letters 21, 531 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, E. I.

Frost, D. C.

D. C. Frost, C. A. McDowell, D. A. Vroom, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 612 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, I.

E. I. Fisher, I. Fujita, G. L. Weissler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1560 (1966).
[CrossRef]

R. Onaka, I. Fujita, Phys. Rev. 119, 1597 (1960); J. Phys. Soc. Japan 18, Suppl. II, 262 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Garton, W. R. S.

W. R. S. Garton, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, H. Maecher, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. 2, p. 1884; in Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics, D. R. Bates, I. Estermann, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1966), Vol. 2.
[CrossRef]

Giese, C.

C. Giese, Physik. Verhandl. 1, Ref. 1, 3 (1962).

Greenaway, D. L.

M. Cardona, D. L. Greenaway, Phys. Rev. 133, A1685 (1964); M. Cardona, G. Harbeke, Phys. Rev. 137, A1467 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, Advan. X-Ray Anal. 4, 244 (1961); in X-Ray Optics and X-Ray Microanalysis, H. H. Pattee, V. E. Cosslett, A. Engström, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1963), p. 157.
[CrossRef]

Herickhoff, R. J.

E. T. Arakawa, R. J. Herickhoff, R. D. Birkhoff, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 319 (1964); Phys. Rev. 137, A1433 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Herzog, R. F. K.

R. F. K. Herzog, F. F. Marmo, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1202 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, W. R.

Hurzeler, H.

H. Hurzeler, M. G. Inghram, J. P. Morrison, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 313 (1958); J. Chem. Phys. 28, 76 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Inghram, M. G.

E. Murad, M. G. Inghram, J. Chem. Phys. 41, 404 (1964).
[CrossRef]

H. Hurzeler, M. G. Inghram, J. P. Morrison, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 313 (1958); J. Chem. Phys. 28, 76 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Inn, E. C. Y.

E. C. Y. Inn, Spectrochim. Acta 7, 65 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Judge, D. L.

R. I. Schoen, D. L. Judge, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, H. Maecker, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. I, p. 25.

D. L. Judge, A. L. Morse, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, P. Hubert, E. Cremieu-Alcan, Eds. (S.E.R.M.A.), Paris, 1963), Vol. III, p. 373; Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 10, 739, 1210 (1965).

Kato, R.

Y. Uchida, R. Kato, E. Matsui, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer 2, 589 (1962); Y. Uchida, K. Fukuda, A. Okuda, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 535 (1958); J. Appl. Phys. 29, 492 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Krause, M. O.

T. A. Carlson, M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 137, A1655 (1965); Phys. Rev.140, A1057 (1965); and M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 140, A1845 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, M.

V. H. Dibeler, R. M. Reese, M. Krauss, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2045 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Kurbatov, B. L.

F. I. Vilesov, B. L. Kurbatov, A. N. Terenin, Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 490 (1961); Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 883 (1962).

Lessman, W.

F. J. Comes, W. Lessman, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 508 (1964).

Lossing, I. P.

I. P. Lossing, I. Tanaka, J. Chem. Phys. 25, 1031 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Marmo, F. F.

R. F. K. Herzog, F. F. Marmo, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1202 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, E.

Y. Uchida, R. Kato, E. Matsui, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer 2, 589 (1962); Y. Uchida, K. Fukuda, A. Okuda, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 535 (1958); J. Appl. Phys. 29, 492 (1960).
[CrossRef]

McDowell, C. A.

D. C. Frost, C. A. McDowell, D. A. Vroom, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 612 (1965).
[CrossRef]

McElroy, M. B.

A. Dalgarno, M. B. McElroy, R. J. Moffett, Planet. Space Sci. 11, 463 (1963); Planet. Space Sci. 13, 143 (1965).
[CrossRef]

McNesby, J. R.

J. R. McNesby, H. Okabe, Advan. Photochem. 3, 157 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Milazzo, G.

G. Milazzo, Pure. Appl. Chem. 4, 135 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Moffett, R. J.

A. Dalgarno, M. B. McElroy, R. J. Moffett, Planet. Space Sci. 11, 463 (1963); Planet. Space Sci. 13, 143 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, J. P.

H. Hurzeler, M. G. Inghram, J. P. Morrison, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 313 (1958); J. Chem. Phys. 28, 76 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Morse, A. L.

D. L. Judge, A. L. Morse, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, P. Hubert, E. Cremieu-Alcan, Eds. (S.E.R.M.A.), Paris, 1963), Vol. III, p. 373; Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 10, 739, 1210 (1965).

Murad, E.

E. Murad, M. G. Inghram, J. Chem. Phys. 41, 404 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, M.

Okabe, H.

J. R. McNesby, H. Okabe, Advan. Photochem. 3, 157 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Onaka, R.

R. Onaka, I. Fujita, Phys. Rev. 119, 1597 (1960); J. Phys. Soc. Japan 18, Suppl. II, 262 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Person, J. C.

J. C. Person, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2553 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Phillip, H. R.

H. Ehrenreich, H. R. Phillip, Phys. Rev. 128, 1622 (1962); IEEE Spectrum 2, 162 (1965).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Phillip, E. A. Taft, Phys. Rev. 127, 159 (1962); Phys. Rev. 120, 37 (1960); Phys. Rev. 113, 1005 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Pines, D.

D. Pines, Solid Slate Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turnbull, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1955), Vol. 1, p. 367.
[CrossRef]

Poschenrieder, W.

W. Poschenrieder, P. Warneck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2812 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Price, W. C.

W. C. Price, Advan. Spectry. 1, 56 (1961); Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 11, 133 (1960).

Reese, R. M.

V. H. Dibeler, R. M. Reese, M. Krauss, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2045 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Rustgi, O. P.

Sälzer, H. G.

F. J. Comes, H. G. Sälzer, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1230 (1964).

Samson, J. A. R.

J. A. R. Samson, R. B. Cairns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).

J. A. R. Samson, G. L. Weissler, Phys. Rev. 137, A381 (1965).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Weissler, J. A. R. Samson, M. Ogawa, G. R. Cook, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 338 (1959).
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1967); in Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics, D. R. Bates, I. Estermann, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1966), Vol. 2.
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, G. L. Weissler, in Methods of Experimental Physics, B. Bederson, W. L. Fite, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1967), Vol. 8.

Sandström, A. E.

A. E. Sandström, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1957), Vol. 30, p. 78.
[CrossRef]

Schoen, R. I.

R. I. Schoen, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1830 (1964); P. H. Doolittle, R. I. Schoen, Phys. Rev. Letters 14, 348 (1965).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Schoen, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 2032 (1962).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Schoen, Boeing Scientific Research Laboratory, Seattle, private communication.

R. I. Schoen, D. L. Judge, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, H. Maecker, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. I, p. 25.

Schönheit, E.

E. Schönheit, Z. Angew. Phys. 9, 171 (1957). See also Z. Naturforsch. 15a, 841 (1960) and Z. Naturforsch. 16a, 1096 (1961).

Seitz, F.

F. Seitz, Modern Theory of Solids (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1940), Chap. 17.

Spicer, W. E.

C. N. Berglund, W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 136, A1030 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1044 (1964).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Spicer, C. N. Berglund, Rev. Sci. Instr. 35, 1665 (1964); W. E. Spicer, R. E. Simon, Phys. Rev. Letters 9, 385 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Taft, E. A.

H. R. Phillip, E. A. Taft, Phys. Rev. 127, 159 (1962); Phys. Rev. 120, 37 (1960); Phys. Rev. 113, 1005 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, I.

I. P. Lossing, I. Tanaka, J. Chem. Phys. 25, 1031 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Terenin, A. N.

F. I. Vilesov, B. L. Kurbatov, A. N. Terenin, Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 490 (1961); Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 883 (1962).

Tomboulian, D. H.

D. H. Tomboulian, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1957), Vol. 30, p. 246.
[CrossRef]

Tousey, R.

Turner, D. W.

D. W. Turner, M. I. Al-Joboury, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 3007 (1962); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 5141 (1963); 4434 (1964); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. P. May, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 616 (1965); 6350 (1965); D. W. Turner, D. P. May, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 471 (1966); T. N. Radwan, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 85 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, Y.

Y. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 3, 799 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Y. Uchida, R. Kato, E. Matsui, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer 2, 589 (1962); Y. Uchida, K. Fukuda, A. Okuda, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 535 (1958); J. Appl. Phys. 29, 492 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Vilesov, F. I.

F. I. Vilesov, B. L. Kurbatov, A. N. Terenin, Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 490 (1961); Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 883 (1962).

Vodar, B.

B. Vodar, Proceedings of the Xth Colloquium Spectroscopium Internationale, E. R. Lippincott, M. Margoshes, Eds. (Spartan Books, Washington, D. C., 1963), p. 217.

Vroom, D. A.

D. C. Frost, C. A. McDowell, D. A. Vroom, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 612 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Walker, W. C.

Warneck, P.

W. Poschenrieder, P. Warneck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2812 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Weissler, G. L.

E. I. Fisher, I. Fujita, G. L. Weissler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1560 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, G. L. Weissler, Phys. Rev. 137, A381 (1965).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Weissler, J. A. R. Samson, M. Ogawa, G. R. Cook, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 338 (1959).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Walker, O. P. Rustgi, G. L. Weissler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 471 (1959); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1357 (1961); O. P. Rustgi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 630 (1965).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Judge, A. L. Morse, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, P. Hubert, E. Cremieu-Alcan, Eds. (S.E.R.M.A.), Paris, 1963), Vol. III, p. 373; Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 10, 739, 1210 (1965).

J. A. R. Samson, G. L. Weissler, in Methods of Experimental Physics, B. Bederson, W. L. Fite, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1967), Vol. 8.

G. L. Weissler, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. 21.

R. I. Schoen, D. L. Judge, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, H. Maecker, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. I, p. 25.

Welge, K. H.

K. D. Beyer, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 19 (1964).

K. H. Becker, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 18a, 600 (1963); Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1006 (1964); Z. Naturforsch. 20a, 442, 1692 (1965).

Wilkinson, P. G.

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Mol. Spectry. 6, 1 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Advan. Photochem. (1)

J. R. McNesby, H. Okabe, Advan. Photochem. 3, 157 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Advan. Spectry. (1)

W. C. Price, Advan. Spectry. 1, 56 (1961); Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 11, 133 (1960).

Advan. X-Ray Anal. (1)

B. L. Henke, Advan. X-Ray Anal. 4, 244 (1961); in X-Ray Optics and X-Ray Microanalysis, H. H. Pattee, V. E. Cosslett, A. Engström, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1963), p. 157.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Poschenrieder, P. Warneck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2812 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (9)

D. W. Turner, M. I. Al-Joboury, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 3007 (1962); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 5141 (1963); 4434 (1964); M. I. Al-Joboury, D. P. May, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 616 (1965); 6350 (1965); D. W. Turner, D. P. May, J. Chem. Phys. 45, 471 (1966); T. N. Radwan, D. W. Turner, J. Chem. Soc. 85 (1966).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Schoen, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1830 (1964); P. H. Doolittle, R. I. Schoen, Phys. Rev. Letters 14, 348 (1965).
[CrossRef]

E. Murad, M. G. Inghram, J. Chem. Phys. 41, 404 (1964).
[CrossRef]

V. H. Dibeler, R. M. Reese, M. Krauss, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 2045 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Person, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2553 (1965).
[CrossRef]

R. I. Schoen, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 2032 (1962).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Lossing, I. Tanaka, J. Chem. Phys. 25, 1031 (1956).
[CrossRef]

R. F. K. Herzog, F. F. Marmo, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 1202 (1957).
[CrossRef]

H. Hurzeler, M. G. Inghram, J. P. Morrison, J. Chem. Phys. 27, 313 (1958); J. Chem. Phys. 28, 76 (1958).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectry. (1)

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Mol. Spectry. 6, 1 (1961).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (7)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

W. C. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24, 1667 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer (1)

Y. Uchida, R. Kato, E. Matsui, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer 2, 589 (1962); Y. Uchida, K. Fukuda, A. Okuda, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 535 (1958); J. Appl. Phys. 29, 492 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (7)

R. Onaka, I. Fujita, Phys. Rev. 119, 1597 (1960); J. Phys. Soc. Japan 18, Suppl. II, 262 (1963).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Berglund, W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 136, A1030 (1964); Phys. Rev. 136, A1044 (1964).
[CrossRef]

M. Cardona, D. L. Greenaway, Phys. Rev. 133, A1685 (1964); M. Cardona, G. Harbeke, Phys. Rev. 137, A1467 (1965).
[CrossRef]

H. Ehrenreich, H. R. Phillip, Phys. Rev. 128, 1622 (1962); IEEE Spectrum 2, 162 (1965).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Phillip, E. A. Taft, Phys. Rev. 127, 159 (1962); Phys. Rev. 120, 37 (1960); Phys. Rev. 113, 1005 (1959).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Carlson, M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 137, A1655 (1965); Phys. Rev.140, A1057 (1965); and M. O. Krause, Phys. Rev. 140, A1845 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, G. L. Weissler, Phys. Rev. 137, A381 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Letters (2)

D. C. Frost, C. A. McDowell, D. A. Vroom, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 612 (1965).
[CrossRef]

E. T. Arakawa, R. J. Herickhoff, R. D. Birkhoff, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 319 (1964); Phys. Rev. 137, A1433 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Physics Letters (2)

J. Berkowitz, H. Ehrhardt, Physics Letters 21, 531 (1966).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Blake, J. H. Carver, Physics Letters 19, 387 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Physik. Verhandl. (1)

C. Giese, Physik. Verhandl. 1, Ref. 1, 3 (1962).

Planet. Space Sci. (1)

A. Dalgarno, M. B. McElroy, R. J. Moffett, Planet. Space Sci. 11, 463 (1963); Planet. Space Sci. 13, 143 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Pure. Appl. Chem. (1)

G. Milazzo, Pure. Appl. Chem. 4, 135 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rept. Progr. Phys. (1)

B. Edlén, Rept. Progr. Phys. 26, 181 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. C. Boyce, Rev. Mod. Phys. 13, 1 (1941).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instr. (1)

W. E. Spicer, C. N. Berglund, Rev. Sci. Instr. 35, 1665 (1964); W. E. Spicer, R. E. Simon, Phys. Rev. Letters 9, 385 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Soviet Phys. Doklady (1)

F. I. Vilesov, B. L. Kurbatov, A. N. Terenin, Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 490 (1961); Soviet Phys. Doklady 6, 883 (1962).

Space Sci. Rev. (1)

R. L. F. Boyd, Space Sci. Rev. 4, 35 (1965).

Spectrochim. Acta (1)

E. C. Y. Inn, Spectrochim. Acta 7, 65 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Z. Angew. Phys. (1)

E. Schönheit, Z. Angew. Phys. 9, 171 (1957). See also Z. Naturforsch. 15a, 841 (1960) and Z. Naturforsch. 16a, 1096 (1961).

Z. Naturforsch. (5)

B. Brehm, Z. Naturforsch. 21a, 196 (1966).

F. J. Comes, W. Lessman, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 508 (1964).

F. J. Comes, H. G. Sälzer, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1230 (1964).

K. H. Becker, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 18a, 600 (1963); Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 1006 (1964); Z. Naturforsch. 20a, 442, 1692 (1965).

K. D. Beyer, K. H. Welge, Z. Naturforsch. 19a, 19 (1964).

Other (15)

H. A. Bethe, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1933), Vol. 24, part 1.

R. I. Schoen, D. L. Judge, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, H. Maecker, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. I, p. 25.

D. L. Judge, A. L. Morse, G. L. Weissler, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, P. Hubert, E. Cremieu-Alcan, Eds. (S.E.R.M.A.), Paris, 1963), Vol. III, p. 373; Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 10, 739, 1210 (1965).

F. Seitz, Modern Theory of Solids (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1940), Chap. 17.

D. Pines, Solid Slate Physics, F. Seitz, D. Turnbull, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1955), Vol. 1, p. 367.
[CrossRef]

W. C. Walker, private communication.

R. I. Schoen, Boeing Scientific Research Laboratory, Seattle, private communication.

G. L. Weissler, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. 21.

W. R. S. Garton, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Ionization Phenomena in Gases, H. Maecher, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. 2, p. 1884; in Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics, D. R. Bates, I. Estermann, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1966), Vol. 2.
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1967); in Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics, D. R. Bates, I. Estermann, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1966), Vol. 2.
[CrossRef]

J. A. R. Samson, G. L. Weissler, in Methods of Experimental Physics, B. Bederson, W. L. Fite, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1967), Vol. 8.

A. E. Sandström, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1957), Vol. 30, p. 78.
[CrossRef]

D. H. Tomboulian, in Handbuch der Physik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1957), Vol. 30, p. 246.
[CrossRef]

B. Vodar, Proceedings of the Xth Colloquium Spectroscopium Internationale, E. R. Lippincott, M. Margoshes, Eds. (Spartan Books, Washington, D. C., 1963), p. 217.

G. L. Weissler, Ed., Proceedings of the First International Conference on Vacuum uv Radiation Physics, in J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer2, 313 (1962).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Vacuum monochromator and mass spectrometer. A, electron multiplier ion detector; B, photomultiplier radiation monitor; C, ion beam; D, G, I, O, to pumping systems; E, ion chamber; F, permanent magnet; H, monochromator exit slit; J, light source; K, monochromator entrance slit; L, grating turntable; M, grating; N, Seya type vacuum monochromator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electron energy analyzer. G1 and G2 are spherical screens surrounded by a solid spherical collector. The retarding potential V analyzes the energies of the electrons between G2 and the collector (courtesy D. Frost et al.40).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electron energy spectrum of N2 irradiated by 584 Å. The step heights are proportional to the number of ions formed in these specific states.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Potential energy curves for a hypothetical molecule illustrating the production of fluorescence and photoelectrons owing to the absorption of 584 Å radiation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical constants of aluminum between 100 Å and 6000 Å (courtesy W. R. Hunter50).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Energy levels in a metal. Electron transitions to a vacancy in the L-shell give rise to a continuum band of radiation, the distribution of which is related to N(E), the population density of the energy states in the conduction band.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = I 0 e - σ n L ,
R = a 2 + b 2 - 2 a cos θ i + cos 2 θ i a 2 + b 2 + 2 a cos θ i + cos 2 θ i
R = R a 2 + b 2 - 2 a sin θ i tan θ i + sin 2 θ i tan 2 θ i a 2 + b 2 + 2 a sin θ i tan θ i + sin 2 θ i tan 2 θ i ,
2 a 2 = [ ( n 2 - k 2 - sin 2 θ i ) 2 + 4 n 2 k 2 ] ½ + ( n 2 - k 2 - sin 2 θ i )
2 b 2 = [ ( n 2 - k 2 - sin 2 θ i ) 2 + 4 n 2 k 2 ] ½ - ( n 2 - k 2 - sin 2 θ i ) .
R = 1 / 2 R ( 1 + P ) + 1 / 2 R ( 1 - P ) ,
ν p = ( n e 2 / π m ) ½ ,

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