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References

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  1. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1965).
  2. F. P. Burns, IEEE Spectrum 4, 115 (1967).
    [CrossRef]

1967 (1)

F. P. Burns, IEEE Spectrum 4, 115 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1965).

Burns, F. P.

F. P. Burns, IEEE Spectrum 4, 115 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1965).

IEEE Spectrum (1)

F. P. Burns, IEEE Spectrum 4, 115 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1965).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Variation of beam divergence across a plane interface.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of beam cross section across a plane interface.

Equations (7)

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i - i = θ 01 ,
r - r = θ 02 ,
r = sin - 1 [ ( n 1 / n 2 ) sin i ] , r = sin - 1 [ ( n 1 / n 2 ) sin i ] ,
θ 02 sin - 1 [ ( n 1 / n 2 ) sin i ] - sin - 1 [ ( n 1 / n 2 ) ( sin i - θ 01 cos i ) ] ,
θ 02 / θ 01 = [ 1 - ( n 1 2 / n 2 2 ) sin 2 i ] - 1 / 2 ( n 1 / n 2 ) cos i .
D 2 / D 1 = ( 1 - sin 2 r ) ½ ( 1 - sin 2 i ) - 1 / 2 .
D 2 / D 1 = [ 1 - ( n 1 2 / n 2 2 ) sin 2 i ] 1 / 2 ( 1 - sin 2 i ) - 1 / 2 .

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