Abstract

Electron synchrotrons are becoming increasingly important as sources of extreme uv radiation for physical experiments. The NBS 180-MeV machine has been utilized for gas absorption studies over a four-year period, during which a 3-m grazing incidence spectrograph and monochromator have been designed, constructed and put into operation. The instruments are extremely stable to vibration and temperature variation, and are operating with a slit limited resolution of the order of 0.06 Å. The design principles and features of these instruments are described, and a highly successful prealignment procedure for grazing incidence spectrometers is outlined. The effect of the unusual characteristics of this light source on the illumination and performance of the spectroscopic instruments is discussed.

© 1967 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 380 (1965) and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. H. Tomboulian, P. L. Hartman, Phys. Rev. 102, 1423 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 141, 364 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3935 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 143, 552 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. L. Ederer, R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).
  8. P. Jaegle, Accademia Natzionale dei Lincei 40, 258 (1966); P. Jaegle, Guido Missoni, Compt. Rend. 262, 71 (1966); Y. Cauchois, C. Bonnelle, G. Missoni, Compt. Rend. 257, 409 (1963).
  9. T. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, Paris, 1965, F. Abeles, Ed. (North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1966) p. 417.
  10. W. Steinmann, M. Skibowski, Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 989 (1966); R. Haensel, thesis, U. of Hamburg (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Olsen, Kgl. Norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., No. 5 (1952).
  12. J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev. 75, 1912 (1949).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Landau, E. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields (Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Mass., 1951), pp. 213–218.
  14. M. Neuman, Phys. Rev. 90, 682 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. H. van Cittert, Zeit. Phys. 65, 547 (1930); Zeit. Phys. 69, 298 (1931).
    [CrossRef]

1966 (4)

K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 143, 552 (1966).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Ederer, R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).

P. Jaegle, Accademia Natzionale dei Lincei 40, 258 (1966); P. Jaegle, Guido Missoni, Compt. Rend. 262, 71 (1966); Y. Cauchois, C. Bonnelle, G. Missoni, Compt. Rend. 257, 409 (1963).

W. Steinmann, M. Skibowski, Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 989 (1966); R. Haensel, thesis, U. of Hamburg (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965 (3)

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 380 (1965) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 141, 364 (1965).
[CrossRef]

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3935 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

D. H. Tomboulian, P. L. Hartman, Phys. Rev. 102, 1423 (1956).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

M. Neuman, Phys. Rev. 90, 682 (1953).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

M. Olsen, Kgl. Norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., No. 5 (1952).

1949 (1)

J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev. 75, 1912 (1949).
[CrossRef]

1930 (1)

P. H. van Cittert, Zeit. Phys. 65, 547 (1930); Zeit. Phys. 69, 298 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Codling, K.

K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 143, 552 (1966).
[CrossRef]

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 380 (1965) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 141, 364 (1965).
[CrossRef]

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3935 (1965).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Ederer, D. L.

D. L. Ederer, R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).

Hartman, P. L.

D. H. Tomboulian, P. L. Hartman, Phys. Rev. 102, 1423 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Jaegle, P.

P. Jaegle, Accademia Natzionale dei Lincei 40, 258 (1966); P. Jaegle, Guido Missoni, Compt. Rend. 262, 71 (1966); Y. Cauchois, C. Bonnelle, G. Missoni, Compt. Rend. 257, 409 (1963).

Landau, L.

L. Landau, E. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields (Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Mass., 1951), pp. 213–218.

Lifshitz, E.

L. Landau, E. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields (Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Mass., 1951), pp. 213–218.

Madden, R. P.

D. L. Ederer, R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 380 (1965) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3935 (1965).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 141, 364 (1965).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Neuman, M.

M. Neuman, Phys. Rev. 90, 682 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Olsen, M.

M. Olsen, Kgl. Norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., No. 5 (1952).

Sasaki, T.

T. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, Paris, 1965, F. Abeles, Ed. (North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1966) p. 417.

Schwinger, J.

J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev. 75, 1912 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Skibowski, M.

W. Steinmann, M. Skibowski, Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 989 (1966); R. Haensel, thesis, U. of Hamburg (1966).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, W.

W. Steinmann, M. Skibowski, Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 989 (1966); R. Haensel, thesis, U. of Hamburg (1966).
[CrossRef]

Tomboulian, D. H.

D. H. Tomboulian, P. L. Hartman, Phys. Rev. 102, 1423 (1956).
[CrossRef]

van Cittert, P. H.

P. H. van Cittert, Zeit. Phys. 65, 547 (1930); Zeit. Phys. 69, 298 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Accademia Natzionale dei Lincei (1)

P. Jaegle, Accademia Natzionale dei Lincei 40, 258 (1966); P. Jaegle, Guido Missoni, Compt. Rend. 262, 71 (1966); Y. Cauchois, C. Bonnelle, G. Missoni, Compt. Rend. 257, 409 (1963).

Astrophys. J. (2)

K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 143, 552 (1966).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Astrophys. J. 141, 364 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 380 (1965) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

K. Codling, R. P. Madden, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3935 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

D. L. Ederer, R. P. Madden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 552 (1966).

Kgl. Norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (1)

M. Olsen, Kgl. Norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., No. 5 (1952).

Phys. Rev. (3)

J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev. 75, 1912 (1949).
[CrossRef]

M. Neuman, Phys. Rev. 90, 682 (1953).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Tomboulian, P. L. Hartman, Phys. Rev. 102, 1423 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Letters (2)

R. P. Madden, K. Codling, Phys. Rev. Letters 10, 516 (1963).
[CrossRef]

W. Steinmann, M. Skibowski, Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 989 (1966); R. Haensel, thesis, U. of Hamburg (1966).
[CrossRef]

Zeit. Phys. (1)

P. H. van Cittert, Zeit. Phys. 65, 547 (1930); Zeit. Phys. 69, 298 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

L. Landau, E. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields (Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Mass., 1951), pp. 213–218.

T. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, Paris, 1965, F. Abeles, Ed. (North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1966) p. 417.

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