Abstract

A resolution-improved prism coupler-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor with a simple, effective rotational modulation method is proposed in this paper. For a conventional SPR sensor, the way to improve its measurement resolution is usually to use the rotating device with higher resolution. Measurement resolution depends on the modulation resolution of the incident angle; therefore, we propose a rotational modulation method that is implemented by rotating the prism horizontally to improve the modulation resolution of the incident angle, instead of using a more expensive rotating device with higher resolution. This scheme is validated both theoretically and experimentally. Furthermore, theoretical simulations show that the rotational modulation method can also be applied to long-range surface plasmon resonance sensors for better results.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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