Abstract

Camera modeling and calibration are essential tasks in modern optics. Conventionally, the pinhole model is adopted with a further extension for lens distortion. However, pinhole and distortion models are mutually dependent; thus, the standard approach induces systematic camera calibration errors. This research presents a unifying distorted pinhole camera model that includes a telecentric, distortion-free pinhole, and radial lens distortion as particular cases. An iterative calibration method based on the derived distorted pinhole model is proposed, and experimental evaluation by calibrating a camera with high radial distortion is performed. The calibration results are compared with the standard and fisheye models using a well-known commercial camera calibrator software. The proposed method outperforms the standard model and achieves accuracy comparable to the fisheye model, and the proposed approach is a versatile and accurate tool for diverse optical metrology applications.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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