Abstract

An all-subwavelength grating waveguide-based sensing structure for figure of merit (FOM) improvement on a silicon-on-insulator platform is proposed and demonstrated. Four racetrack resonators are applied to narrow the spectrum from the drop port of a single racetrack resonator for lower full width at half-maximum, and the FOM is therefore higher through the spectrum-narrowing operation. Numerical simulation and analysis illustrate that the proposed structure is able to raise the FOM more than twice compared to a single racetrack resonator, and a high FOM of 1850.57/refractive index unit is achieved.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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