Abstract

Piston diagnosing approaches for segmented mirrors via machine-learning have shown great success. However, they are inevitably challenged with ${2}\pi$ ambiguity, and the accuracy is usually influenced by the location and number of submirrors. A piston diagnosing approach for segmented mirrors, which employs the breadth-first search (BFS) algorithm and supervised learning strategies of multi-wavelength images, is investigated. An original kind of object-independent and normalized dataset is generated by the in-focal and defocused images at different wavelengths. Additionally, the segmented mirrors are divided into several sub-models of binary tree and are traversed through the BFS algorithm. Furthermore, two deep image-based convolutional neural networks are constructed for predicting the ranges and values of piston aberrations. Finally, simulations are performed, and the accuracy is independent of the location and number of submirrors. The Pearson correlation coefficients for test sets are above 0.99, and the average root mean square error of segmented mirrors is approximately $0.01\lambda$. This technique allows the piston error between segmented mirrors to be measured without ${2}\pi$ ambiguity. Moreover, it can be used for data collected by a real setup. Furthermore, it can be applied to segmented mirrors with different numbers of submirrors based on the sub-model of a binary tree.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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