Abstract

Conventional approaches in diffuse optical tomography (DOT) image reconstruction often address the ill-posed inverse problem via regularization with a constant penalty parameter, which uniformly smooths out the solution. In this study, we present a data-specific mask-guided scheme that incorporates a prior mask constraint into the image reconstruction framework. The prior mask was created from the DOT data itself by exploiting the multi-measurement vector formulation. We accordingly propose two methods to integrate the prior mask into the reconstruction process. First, as a soft prior by exploiting a spatially varying regularization. Second, as a hard prior by imposing a region-of-interest-limited reconstruction. Furthermore, the latter method iterates between discrete and continuous steps to update the mask and optical parameters, respectively. The proposed methods showed enhanced optical contrast accuracy, improved spatial resolution, and reduced noise level in DOT reconstructed images compared with the conventional approaches such as the modified Levenberg–Marquardt approach and the ${l_1}$-regularization based sparse recovery approach.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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