Abstract

This paper presents an integrated principal component analysis (IPCA) technique for denoising phase-sensitive optical time domain reflectometry ($ \Phi $-OTDR) sensing data for vibration detection. As one of the key distributed optical fiber sensing technologies, it has attracted great attention, mainly due to its high sensitivity, fast response time, dynamic range, and vibration detection abilities. To enhance vibration detection along the sensing fiber, an appropriate denoising method must be carefully selected. Hence, the PCA that can effectively reduce noise on signals while preserving significant details of the denoised signal is identified. It was then applied on the said signal after digital down-conversion where the noise was greatly reduced. Then angle and phase unwrapping was performed and the vibration was clearly detected with a significant enhancement of the signal-to-noise ratio. As proof of concept, the theoretical analysis and an experimental demonstration of a vibration sensing range of 800 m are presented.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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