Abstract

A few-mode fiber (FMF)-embedded long-period fiber grating is proposed as a sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature. Periodically embedding the FMFs induces the local refractive index modulation to achieve a compact sensor size and obtains a low insertion loss. The simulated results show that the two resonance dips have opposite waveguide dispersion coefficients. Therefore, they show different refractive indices and temperature sensitivities in the experiment. At the same time, the spectral characteristics of double-resonance dips provides a condition for simultaneous measurement of two parameters. By monitoring wavelength shift of the two dips, the simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature is easily realized.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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