Abstract

In this investigation, we describe a simple cyclic radial shearing interferometer for single-shot wavefront sensing. Instead of using the telescope lens system used in typical radial shearing interferometry, a single lens is used to generate two diverging radial shearing beams. This simple modification leads to the advantages of conveniently adjusting the radial shearing ratio, compactness of the system, and practical ease of alignment. With the aid of a polarization pixelated CMOS camera, the spatial phase-shifting technique is used to extract the phase with a single image. The most important feature is the fringe contrast enhancement by reducing the aberrations caused by the complicated optical system even though an incoherent light is used. The experimental results show the fringe contrast enhancement is at least 0.1 better than that of the conventional method, and the wavefronts are properly reconstructed with less than ${0.071}\lambda$ root-mean-squared wavefront error regardless of the coherence of the light.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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