Abstract

The aim of this work is to propose a new analytical technique based on UV–visible fluorescence as an alternative to x-ray absorptiometry for diagnosing osteoporosis, as well as its early stage by identifying osteopenia. The equipment used consists of very cheap equipment compared to x-ray scanners with an LED as the excitation source. In this work, we analyzed 90 hair samples taken from volunteers of different ages at Habib Thameur Hospital in Tunis. These samples were previously analyzed by bone mineral density (BMD) and correspond to people suffering from osteoporosis and osteopenia, as well as healthy people. The main idea of this study is to show the correlation between the deficiency of bone density given by BMD and the variations of the relative concentrations of molecules present in the hair causing the changes observed in the fluorescence spectra. The results extracted from the spectra show a clear discrimination between healthy and sick patients and a very good correlation, in a Spearman sense, between the spectral measurements and the BMD’s data for the patients with osteoporosis. In addition, we have isolated the main spectral region responsible for this correlation, which facilitates the identification of the molecule concentrations related to the decrease in BMD.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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