Abstract

In order to achieve a nanometer-scale resolution in an x-ray microscopy system, a Gabor-type hologram was produced by eliminating the zero-order term of the object diffraction pattern. In this system, a Fresnel zone plate was used for strong illumination of an object, and the zero-order diffraction was physically eliminated by a center stop. An accurate phase plate of $\pi /{{2}}$ in the Zernike method was numerically created, and the phase-contrast image was realized. The theoretical resolution was 19.8 nm. We proved that a gold nanocube with a size of 50 nm can be reconstructed with the predicted resolution.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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