Abstract

Capillary electrophoresis coupled with sheath-flow laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection has been shown to offer outstanding sensitivity for chemical and biochemical analysis. However, a major drawback remains with the complexity of the optical configuration traditionally employed. Here we present a simplified confocal optics based on fiber optics and micro gradient-index (GRIN) lenses for modular optical design in capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence. We demonstrate the use of the optical system with a sheath-flow cuvette as the laser-induced fluorescence detector for capillary electrophoresis. The system’s performance was established with concentration detection limits of ${8} \pm {2}\;{\rm pM}$ and mass detection limits of 57 zeptomole for a standard sodium fluorescein sample.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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